Sustainability Engineering Economic, environmental, and legal trends all point to Sustainability Engineering becoming an unavoidable part of our future. It will become necessary for the world and has the qualities a major needs to thrive in industry, and within UCB.
Project Definition: Wide View Discipline Department Major To identify and design a new engineering discipline that encompasses a key, yet underutilized, spectrum of knowledge.
Stage 1 Research: Project Parameters • Interview: Robert Giomi, Assistant Dean College of Engineering • Internet • Personal Experiences
Key Stakeholders • Students • Faculty • University • Industry • End-Users
Key Stakeholders: Faculty • Support • Example: Computer Engineering – Created Due to 2 or 3 faculty interest • Teach • Example: Bio-Engineering – Took 2 years to recruit faculty • Research
Key Stakeholders: University • 2 Stages for Approval • University Internal • Engineering Science Study Committee • College of Engineering Vote • COCI – Committee on Courses of Instruction • ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) • Logistics • Housing • Organization of Faculty • Organization of Financing
Key Stakeholders: Industry • Funding • Example: Bio-Engineering – Grown because of need from: Region, State & Federal Government. • Employment
Constraints Major Constraints • Current Course Catalog • Faculty to Teach • Funding of the Major • Housing of the Major Project Constraints • Surveying Issues (time, sample size, contacts) • Timeframe • Team Resources
Competition & Status Quo • Competition • Internal • 21 Engineering Programs (including double major programs) • 78 other possible overlapping degrees • External • Similar Programs Nationwide
Definition of a Desirable Major • Satisfies Key Stakeholders • Obeys Given Constraints • Differentiated from Competition
Narrowing Process • Brainstorming – 100 Ideas • Top 10 Ideas • Top 3: • Conservative: Nano-Engineering • Intermediate: Sustainability Engineering • Radical: Recreation Engineering
Stage 2 Research – In-depth Analysis of Top 3 • Internet • Student Surveys
Nano-Engineering Nano-Engineering combines the science and engineering of nanometer scales in order to develop novel nanoscale systems and technologies.
Recreation Engineering Recreation engineering integrates fields such as logistics, psychology, ergonomics, civil/mechanical engineering, and others to plan, develop and manage events, installations, hotels, theme parks, customer service operations, etc.
Sustainability Engineering • The combination of engineering methods with scientific tools to design product, facility, and infrastructure life cycles in ways compatible with long-term considerations, including focuses on energy conservation and the reduction of lost resources.
Sustainability Engineering • It currently requires about 300 kilograms of natural resources to generate US$100 of income in the world's most advanced economies. Given the size of these economies, this volume of materials represents a truly massive scale of environmental alteration. • First quarter 2003, US GDP = $10.6 Trillion. Equates to 30 Trillion kilograms of natural resources Source: http://www.wri.org/trends/ Source: http://www.johannesburgsummit.org/html/documents/summit_docs/criticaltrends_1408.pdf
Satisfying the Stakeholders End Users - Users of Technology and Products Developed as a Result of a New Engineering Discipline • A study published in 1997 by the Berne Declaration calculated that every Swiss franc of official development assistance generates a net return of 1.26 francs in Switzerland. Source: http://www.foundation.novartis.com/development_assistance.htm
Satisfying the Stakeholders Industry – 1999 ITT/Discover survey results • In your opinion, what will be the greatest challenge solved by civil engineers in the 21st century? • 22.1% Water Supply • 20.6% Infrastructure development and replacement • 16.2% Transportation • 13.2% Environmental Concerns • Chemical Engineers? • 29.9% Environmental Concerns • 20.9% Developing new energy sources • 9.0% Water supply • Mechanical Engineers? • 30.9% Developing new energy sources • Electrical Engineers? • 27.6% Developing new energy sources Source: http://www.ieeeusa.org/newspubs/features/ittsurvey.htm
Satisfying the Stakeholders University • EPA region III serves Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia • 13 projects were funded by EPA in region III between 1996 and 1999 • Popularity of SE projects has grown since then Source: http://www.epa.gov/r3chespk/sdcg.htm
Satisfying the Stakeholders Faculty • Research undertaken by faculty at Centre for Sustainable Design at University College, UK • Integrated Product Policy and Eco-Product Development (IPP-EPD) project • The Eco-Design Training for Manufacturing, Use and 'End-of-Life' for SMEs (ETMUEL) project • The Strategic Comprehensive Approach for Electronics Recycling and Re-use (SCARE) project • Sustainability Integrated Guidelines for Management (SIGMA) project Source: http://www.cfsd.org.uk/research/index.html
Satisfying the Stakeholders Students • Student surveys • Need – Challenging studies • Need - Opportunity for employment
3 Major Emphases • Production • Product quality improvement and design for obsolescence, equipment selection and reliability, process efficiency improvement and impact reduction, packaging, and materials selection and handling. • Sample Companies: High-Tech and Traditional Manufacturing • Facilities • Construction materials, energy optimization, waste reduction and landscape impact. • Sample Companies: Contractors, Developers and Consulting Companies. • Infrastructure • Public policy and budgeting, environmental economics, transportation systems and landscape design. • Sample Companies: PG&E, Shell, Exxon, and consulting firms as well as government service including CalTrans.
SE Curriculum - Specialization Production Facilities Infrastructure
New SE Classes • SE 122 – Sustainable Processing of Materials in Manufacturing • Related to ME 122 • SE 126A – Obsolescence • SE 126B – End-of-Life Considerations in Product Design • SE 174 – Senior Project • SE 180 – New Technology and Research • Survey interest
Logistics • Department Status: Within Civil Engineering Department • Faculty: • Arpad Horvath, As. Prof. Civil Engineering • William W. Nazaroff, Prof. Environmental Engineering • Kent S. Udell, Prof. Mechanical Engineering • Housing: Davis Hall
Competition • Internal to UC Berkeley • Civil and Environmental Engineering • Mechanical Engineering • External Programs • Cornell University, graduate minor in Conservation and Sustainable Development • University of Arizona, College of Architecture and Environmental Design • Centre for Sustainable Design within The Surrey Institute of Art & Design, University College, UK • Independent research projects from universities, such as Colorado State and University of Texas.
Stage 3 Research – User Testing • Interview: William W. Nazaroff, Professor of Environmental Engineering at UCB • Interview: Kent S. Urdell, Professor of Mechanical Engineering at UCB • Current Engineering Surveys • Industry Surveys
Interview: William W. Nazaroff • Prof. Environmental Engineering • Interested in Civil Engineering Aspects of Sustainable Development • Teaches Graduate Seminar – CE 292A “Technologies for Sustainable Societies” • Referred by Arpad Horvath
Results & Change Effected • Changed Major Name – Sustainable Development Engineering to Sustainability Engineering • Input on Emphasis • Infrastructure, Manufacturing • Focus on Engineering Economics
Interview: Kent S. Udell • Prof. Mechanical Engineering at UCB • Interested in Mechanical Engineering Aspects of Sustainable Development • Goal: To get Faculty perspective on Sustainability Engineering
Results & Change Effected • Use Existing Department • Much easier to take small steps • Focus on Energy Conversion • Develop Main Emphases
Current UCB Engineering Students • Surveyed 61 Current Engineering Students, Variety of Engineering Fields, Variety of Course Level • Used a variety of qualitative and quantitative questions • Goal: To get input from current engineers to refine our major
Survey Results • Question: “How important are these factors when considering a major?”
Survey Results Continued Sample questions: “Did your major turn out like you expected?” “What would you change about your major?” Qualitative Results: “Make the curriculum less flexible” – BioEngr major “At Berkeley, I would make my major more focused…it’s really hard to chose your own path in bioengineering” – BioEngr major “I wish they would have had more projects/labs earlier in the curriculum too, so you got to know your peers better earlier” – ME Major
Industry Engineering Surveys • Surveyed 5 Engineers Currently in Industry • Goal: To gain additional perspective for engineering major improvements. • Sample Question: “What do you regret not learning in college?”
Industry Surveys Results • Desire: Better Writing and Presentation Skills • Change: Moved E190 up to Junior Year, Most New SE Courses are Project/Presentation Focused • Desire: Focus on more Emerging Technology • Change: Included SE 180 – Year Long Emerging Technology Course
Questions? Team Members
References • Slide 5 Image: Zyvex, Inc., http://www.zyvex.com • Slide 7 Images: Clip Art (globe and city), Greenroofs.com, www.greenroofs.com • Slide 9 Chart: IEEE Spectrum, January 2003 Issue, http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/WEBONLY/resource/jan03/2003IEEEfellsurv.ppt • Slide 10 Image: Ollner Design, www.ollnerdesign.com
Sustainability Engineering IEEE Survey Results Below is a list of broad social issues. Please indicate the amount of technological resources you feel will be needed in the next five years to address each issue. (10= need more technological resources; 1= need less technological resources)