manner of the elizabethan era wyattferris
laws of the elizabethan era • this are some of the many laws in the time of shake sphere.1511 Physicians and Surgeons Act limiting medical practice to those who had been examined. 1522 An Act set out “The Privileges and Authority of Physicians in London” (In 1518 the Royal College of Physicians of London founded to oversee the practice of medicine within a seven mile radius of the City by licensing recognised physicians). 1534 Act of Supremacy making the King Henry VIII supreme head of the Church of England 1538 Parish registers began charting a weekly record of baptisms, marriages and deaths 1539 Act for the Dissolution of the Greater Monasteries and Abbeys 1547 Edward VI sentenced Branding and slavery as the punishment for persistent vagrancy 1549 Act of Uniformity forbade the use of the Catholic Mass 1552 Poor Law Act was passed in order to officially record the number of poor in each Parish Register 1555 Highways Act required parishioners to provide for four days labour for maintenance of highways 1556 The Royal College of Physicians of London started to issue licences to practice medicine in London 1559 Queen Elizabeth's Second Act of Supremacy repealing legislation passed during Queen Mary’s reign and restoring to the Crown jurisdiction over the Church as well as the Realm 1559 Act of Uniformity of Common Prayer and Administration of the Sacrament whereby attendance at church became compulsory and non-attendance was punishable by fine or imprisonment. Known as the Recusancy laws 1562 - Highways Act extending the period of labour required for the maintenance of highways from 4 to 6 days 1563 Poor Law Act - The different types of Poor people were categorised in order to determine the treatment that they might receive 1572 Poor Law Act in which the first compulsory poor law tax was imposed at a local level making the alleviation of poverty a local responsibility. 1574 Queen Elizabeth I enforced some new Sumptuary Laws called the 'Statutes of Apparel'. 1576 Poor Law Act in which each town was required to provide work for the unemployed 1593 An Act for the Necessary Relief of Soldiers and Mariners in which each parish was charged with a weekly sum towards the relief of sick, hurt and maimed
punishments of the elizabethan era! • MINOR CRIME AND PUNISHMENT Minor crime and punishment in small Elizabethan towns were dealt with by the Justice of the Peace. Many crimes during the Elizabethan era were due to a crime committed and the law broken due to the desperate acts of the poor. Every town parish was responsible for the poor and unemployed within that parish. The Justice of the Peace for each town parish was allowed to collect a tax from those who owned land in the town. This was called the Poor Rate which was used to help the poor during the Elizabethan period.MINOR CRIME AND PUNISHMENT EVEN TRAVEL AND ACTING IN ELIZABETHAN ENGLAND WAS A CRIME WITHOUT A LICENCE! People did not travel around a lot during the Tudor and Elizabethan era. Travelling during the Elizabethan era could be dangerous, money was necessary and a license, obtained from the Bailiff in the Guild Hall, was required by anyone who needed to travel around England - it was a crime to travel without a licence. This law ensured that the spread of disease, especially the plague, was contained as much as possible and that the poor and the homeless did not travel from one village to another village - an Elizabethan ploy to lower the crime and punishment levels in England. Strangers were treated with suspicion and risked being accused of crimes and suffered the appropriate punishment. Elizabethan Actors were treated with as much suspicion as beggars. Anyone who needed to travel to earn their living, such as actors, were treated with suspicion and could therefore be expected to be accused of crimes. An actors standing in Elizabethan England was only slightly higher than a beggar, vagabond or a thief! When plays started to become more popular rich nobles, or high ranking courtiers of the land, acted as their sponsors. It was soon decreed that licenses should be granted to legitimise certain Acting Troupes. This raised the actors status somewhat and lead to fewer accusations of crimes. A license also had to be granted by Town Councillors when a troupe of actors came to town. Many actors received punishments for real and sometimes imaginary crimes which included the punishment of branding with red hot irons.
again • PUNISHMENT AND EXECUTIONS - THE LOWER CLASSES Punishment for commoners during the Elizabethan period included the following:▪Hanging▪Burning▪The Pillory and the Stocks▪Whipping ▪Branding▪Pressing▪Duckingstools▪TheWheel▪Boiling in oil water or lead (usually reserved for poisoners )▪Starvation in a public place▪Cutting off various items of the anatomy - hands, ears etc
manners of the elizabethan era • before the rule of queen elizabethengland went though a major religion shift her farther king henry had left the church of the holy roman Catholic to create his own church. with the pope’s grip on england gone. the religion shifted from the roman church to king henrys church.life in the elizabethan era was a lot harder be cause at that time england was going though a deadly plague that was known as the black death. this is one of the most powerful
manners of the elizabethan era • Food was taken from the serving dish using the tip of your knife to spear it and place it in your trencher, where you would eat it with your hands. Knives of the time period had very sharp tips for this purpose. People were constantly being told not to put the knife in their mouths and not to eat the food off the knife (which of course means they did that constantly).Spoons were used to eat soft foods and broth out of the common dish, which is why it was rude to leave your spoon in the dish when you had eaten your share. Individuals did not have their own bowls to eat soupy dishes.You were expected to put bread in your pottage. These should be small pieces, not great hunks of bread. The bread soaks up the soup. You can pour pottage over bread in your trencher.Forks existed, but these were generally two-tined forks used for carving meat, and not for individual dining. Delicate little forks might be used to eat sticky suckets in the fruit or banquetting course, but this is a very high-class affectation. Use of forks at court was a sign of depravity mentioned in political satires against Henri III.All this eating with your hands means that they need frequent cleaning (it is bad manners to lick them). Napkins are heavily used. We have an excellent illustration of the Sir Henry Unton wedding feast, and all the gentlemen are wearing napkins over their left shoulder. Ladies must have put them in their laps as they are not visible. Napkins are not always available -- the medieval approach was to take the long table-cloth hanging down on the side facing the guests, put it in your lap and use it to clean your hands. Eating without some kind of tablecloth is Not Done.How to Approach a PrinceThe kind of court experience that we have in the SCA is not a particularly common one for people of the time period, even noble people. Sovereigns did "hold court" when people were theoretically free to approach them, usually with petitions of some kind or other. This usually required running a gauntlet of bureaucrats who would manage access to the sovereign. However, the medieval concept of kingship meant that the king was supposed to be the ultimate provider of justice to all the people, and as kings concentrated power, they also became the chief provider of patronage. If you wanted social advancement, you would end up having to go to court at some point. Often times, however, this access to the king was achieved while he was walking around, eating dinner, or engaging in other daily business. The formal court setting we see in the SCA was something that typically only happened on special occasions.I've chosen to draw on FabritioCaroso's"Nobilitadi Dame" (1600) in his Dialog Between a Disciple and His Master, on the Conduct Required of Gentlemen and Ladies at a Ball and Elsewhere for some pointers on how to behave in court.
how the black plague effected the elizabethan era • the black plague was a major factor in the development of the elizabethan era it divided the world the rich and the poor ,the sick and the healthy.this meant that the people started to rethink their views on religion and form of govt in their countries and cities .