MIS- K E D N S Y U A O TALK ON THE PRESENT STATE OF THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
I P A G Y N L A K S' 'I O R S N G B A Y N' A
T G B E S B U G E C I E G D T E ! T U V R Budget on State Universities and Colleges (2001-2005) 2004: P 17.54 B 2005: P 16.86 B 2006 (Proposed): P 15.51 B Source: Department of Budget and Management
T G B E S B U G E C I E G D T E ! T U V R Budget Cut on Education Sector 2004 2005 2006 SUC’s 17.54 B 16.86 B 15.51B UP System 4,75 B 4.45 B 4.1 B PUP System 557.69 M 545.34 M 517.27 M PNU 235.33 M 244.93 M 232.20 M UNP 152.41 M 155.54 M 146.85 M Bicol Univ. 288.67 M 281.41 M 261.4 M In Philippine peso
Government Priority • 80 % GDP in off-budget items • P 340 B for debt servicing • P 146 B for education • P 112.9 B for defense, public order and safety
' P R V A I S C U S N I T Z I G Education Policies Governing SUC Privatization LONG TERM HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT PLAN (LTHEDP) FOR 2001-2010 • Reduction of SUC’s by 20%. • Transform 6 SUC’s to semi-corporations. • Generation of 20% funds on SUC’s through its • intellectual property rights and other grants. • Imposition of tuition increase up to 70%. • Collaboration with private educational • institutions by 60%.
' P R V A I S C U N I T Z I G S Education Policies Governing SUC Privatization PHILIPPINE AGENDA FOR EDUCATION REFORMS (PAER) • Slashes the SUC’s Maintenance and Other • Operating Expenditure (MOOE)
' P R V A I S C U N I T Z I G S Education Policies Governing SUC Privatization HIGHER EDUCATION MODERNIZATION ACT (1997) • Gives autonomy to the SUC’s Board • of Regents to have Income Generating Projects.
I B U E S S N S I N C E D A U I O T N
I I D A U I S B U E N S S C T E S N O Private Firms Dominated Higher Education Sector 111 State Universities and Colleges (SUC’s) 1,347 Private Higher Educational Institution (PHEI) (952 of this, were established for stock-operations) Source: Commission on Higher Educations (CHED)
I I D A U I S B U E N S S C T E S N O Schools in Top 1,000 Corporations Source: Top Moneymakers, Graphic (December 2003 issue)
I I D A U I S B U E N S S C T E S N O MAPUA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Alfonso Yuchengco Henry Sy CENTRO ESCOLAR UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF THE EAST Lucio Tan Emilio Yap
R I S I G N C S T O F O I D A U E C T N O Average Tuition Rate P 22,000.00 Private Higher Educational Institution P 65,000.00 Exclusive Schools 246 (20.49%) PHEI’s that increased their tuition for the Year 2005. P 36.43 Additional Rate Per Unit Source: Philippine Educational Sector Society (PESS) Source: Commission on Higher Education (CHED)
Report on Average Tuition Increase of Private Higher Education Institutions Per Unit/Region (2004-2005) Source: Office of the Students Services, Commission on Higher Education (CHED)
D I D Y O U K N O W ? UERMM PHEI with the Highest Tuition P2,090.91 per unit ASIA PACIFIC COLLEGE (P 2,079.82 per unit) UNIVERSITY OF STO. TOMAS (P 1,427.39 per unit) DE LASALLE UNIVERSITY (P 1,696.97 per unit)
P R O F E E E T A B L F E E S - - Nine (9) Common Items Found on the Miscellaneous Fee Lists on PHEI’s (2004-2005) Source: OSS, Commission on Higher Education (144 schools in 10 regions)
P R O F E E E T A B L F E E S - - Other Exorbitant Fees Being Collected on PHEI’s • Postal fee • Insurance fee • Smart fee AMA Computer College-QC • Copier fee AMA Computer College-QC • Power Charge Fee Trinity College of QC • Power Plant Dev’t Fee Miriam College • Land Infrastructure Maintenance Baguio Colleges Foundation • and Acquisition Development Fee • Accreditation Fee TIP-Manila • Pre-Registration Fee Aquinas University (Albay) • Installment Fee University of the East • At marami pang iba… Source: NUSP National Primer (2004)
Q U A L I T Y E D C A T I ? U O N h As the cost of education rises… i It’s quality falls.
Q U A L I T Y E D C A T I ? U O N AVERAGE PASSING PERCENTAGE IN LICENSURE EXAMINATIONS (1997-2001) Source: Professional Regulatory Commission (PRC)
M I S M ! T C A H NUMBER OF ENROLEES VS. NUMBER OF GRADUATES Source: Professional Regulatory Commission (PRC)
O C O I A L N L E O R N I A T O N T I
T H I R I D W R L D D A U O E C T N O - “To upgrade skills and raise productivity for global competition, ADB will support programs to increase access to and quality of basic education, enhance teacher development, improve resource allocation across the sector and rationalize and strengthen higher education.” $50M: Mindanao Basic Education Development Program $75M: Education Sector Program $25M: Technical Education & Skills Development Project $19M: Fund for Technical Education & Skills Development --- Asian Development Bank Country Strategy and Program Update (2002-2004)
T H I R I D W R L D D A U O E C T N O - 1 9 0 1 Philippine Normal University 1 9 1 2 Polytechnic University of the Philippines then Philippine College of Commerce 2 0 0 0 – present Caregiver and Nursing Schools 1 9 7 0 Medical Schools SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE TEACHERS SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE NURSES & CARE-GIVERS SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE DOCTORS SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE BUSINESSMEN 1 9 6 0’ s Engineering Schools 1 9 0 8 University of the Philippines 1 9 8 0 – 1 9 9 0 Computer and I.T. Schools SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE COMPUTER & I.T. EXPERTS SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE ENGINEERS SERVED AS TRAINING CENTER FOR FUTURE TECHNOCRATS
T H I R I D W R L D D A U O E C T N O - MANIFESTATIONS OF THE COLONIAL SYSTEM OF PHILIPPINE EDUCATION • Labor-Export Policy • Ballooning Number of Care-Giver • Training Programs and Call Center Services.
R R E E S S V P E I F E E A T R S ! U
T M A W A L A R I L VIOLATED STUDENT RIGHTS INSIDE CAMPUSES • Free Movement. • Freedom of Speech and Expression. • Right to Organization. • Sexual Discrimination. • Violations Concerning Student Councils. • Violations Concerning Student Publications. • Violations Concerning Progressive and • Critical Groups and Individuals inside the campus. • Non-recognition of various student’s organization • Violations with military components. Source: NUSP National Primer (2004)
MIS- K E D N S Y U A O THUS, PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM MUST BE: THE PRESENT STATE OF THE PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IS AS FOLLOW: O A C I R S C M M S M S E R A D O E D L T Z E E N I I - - O A A A T C L O N I N T I O N I S L L C V I R S S E P R E S I E N T I C I E C S F