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Low Carbon Competitive energy supply – A Member State perspective Bioenergy

Low Carbon Competitive energy supply – A Member State perspective Bioenergy

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Low Carbon Competitive energy supply – A Member State perspective Bioenergy

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  1. Low Carbon Competitive energy supply – A Member State perspectiveBioenergy May 2013 Timo Ritonummi Ministry of Employment and the Economy Finland

  2. Finland, total energy consumption 1970–2011, PJFrom Oil dominance to better balance

  3. Total energy consumption 2011- share of Renewables 29 % * in RES-directive goal 38% (of end-use!)- share of Bioenergy 23 %

  4. Renewableenergysources 1970–2011, PJ

  5. Bioenergy in Finland • Finland is one of the world leaders in the utilisation of wood-based fuels • Almost 80 % of RES is wood-based bioenergy • Strong connection to forest industry • The increase of the use of forest chips in power and heat production (multifuel boilers) will be based on cost efficiency, support: • Bioenergy 0... 13 €/MWh,e • Depends on CO2, with ~20 €/t: 0 • Heat pumps 0 ... €/MWh • Wind power 83.5 €/MWh,e • Biogas 83,5 €/MWh,e

  6. Electricity supply 1970–2011, TWhCHP in big role; market based; main user of bioenergy;most boilers – all latest - multifuel (FBB – CFB, BFB)

  7. Shares of energy sources in electricity supply, % (2011, total 84.6 TWh) Wind power 2020 goal 6 TWh 2025 goal 9 TWh • Nuclear power • in operation 4 units • under construction 1 • in planning phase 2 CHP District Heat 18 % CHP Industry 11 % CHP total 31 %

  8. ”Bioenergy climate” in Finland • Strong co-operation with government, research & industry • Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation,TEKES • Tight connection with forest industry, synergy in biomass supply • Whole value chain considered, not just part optimization • Careful benchmarking for solution, not jumping into dark with goal setting • Tailor-made solutions in R&D and in politics (bioenergy #1) • Case NER300: only bioenergy (biorefeneries) considered earnestly and proposed, one project (AjosBTL) + Finnish company UPM in France got funding • Updated Energy and Climate Strategy (for 20/20/20 goals) published in 03/2013, strengthens the role of bioenergy link

  9. Use of Forest Chips at Heating and Power Plants in Finland in 2011 Use, m3 Total use, m3 200 – 500 32 225 (65 GWh) 500 – 1 000 43 262 (86 GWh) 1 000 – 5 000 442 177 (884 GWh) 5 000 – 10 000 322 944 (646 GWh) 10 000 – 50 000 1 161 593 (2 323 GWh) 50 000 – 100 000 653 419 (1 307 GWh) More 100 000 4 060 525 (8 121 GWh) Total 6.85 million m3 (13.71 TWh) Rovaniemi Oulu Kajaani Pietarsaari Seinäjoki Joensuu Jyväskylä Jämsä Pori Mikkeli Tampere Rauma Valkeakoski Kouvola Lappeenranta Hämeenlinna 1 m3 is about 2 MWh Turku Kerava Porvoo

  10. Bioenergy – Finnish companies handle the whole chain Feedstock - Feedstock Handling – Harvesting & Logistics - Conversion to power, heat and fuels

  11. Examples of Finnish development 1/3 Biomass-to-Liquids process: Forest biomass → gasification → Fischer-Tropsch synthesis → bio wax → bio diesel Status: Pilot phase • Finnish consortia: • Neste Oil & Stora Enso • UPM & Andritz • Vapo & Metsä Group • Bio-methane through gasification: • R&D to produce synthetic bio-methane from biomass through gasification • Technical Research Centre of Finland VTT • Biomass gasifier integrated in a pulverized coal fired boiler: • Lahti I: Foster Wheeler gasifier, in operation since 1998 • Lahti II: Metso gasifier, in operation 2012 • Vaskiluoto (Vaasa): Metso gasifier, in operation 2012 • Joutseno: Andritz gasifier, in operation 2012 DM 923964

  12. Examples of Finnish development 2/3 • Pyrolysis oil • forest residues as raw material • industrial partners: Metso, Fortum, UPM • research partner: VTT • test runs in pilot scale in Tampere since 2009 • Fortum builds a first commercial biomass based pyrolysis oil plant in Finland. Metso will deliver the plant, which will be in operation in 2013. • Torrefaction: • dried wood chips are treated in 250–300oC, properties resemble those of coal • VTT has ongoing R&D and European co-operation • Finnish companies are jointly developing torrefaction DM 923964

  13. Examples of Finnish development 3/3 • Bioethanol • St1 Biofuels Oy: distributedbioethanol production from waste streams • development towards ligno-cellulosic rawmaterials • UPM Oyj: development on ligno-cellulosicbioethanolfromresidualfibres • Bioethanol, biochemicals, pulp and paper fibres • Chempolis Oy • raw material e.g. agricultural residues • technologies developed by Chempolis • demonstration biorefinery in operation in Oulu since 2008 • Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) technology • Neste OilNExBTL diesel: Developmenttowards new raw materials (e.g. microbes) • UPM Oyj: biodiesel fromtalloil • investmentdecision in 2012; the plant in operation 2014 • Algae for biofuel production • R&D on a new concept to utilize industrial waste streams in cultivation of algae for biodiesel and biogas production • VTT & other Finnish research institutes • 13 Finnish companies participating • international co-operation DM 923964

  14. Limited Company (reg. 16.7. 2008) Shareholders: • major global companies (28) which have a significant stake in energy and environment related R&D&I in Finland • the most essential Finnish research institutes (17) Industry driven joint R&D&I, open innovation platform

  15. Sustainable Bioenergy Solution for Tomorrow (BEST) program • Program duration: 4 years (2+2) • Estimated volume per year: 4 MEUR • Consortium partners: • Companies (20): • Andritz, Arbonaut, Ekokem, Fortum, Gasum, Helsingin Energia, Indufor Oy, Inray Oy, Mantsinen Group, Measurepolis Development Oy, Metso Automation, Metso Power, Metsä Group, MW Power, Neste Oil, Pohjolan Voima, Senfit, Stora Enso, UPM, ÅF-Consult • Research organizations (13): • Aalto University, European Forest Institute (EFI), Finnish Geodetic Institute (FGI), Finnish Environmental Institute (SYKE), Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla), Finnish Institute for Occupational Health (FIOH), Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT), MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Tampere University of Technology (TUT), University of Eastern Finland (UEF), University of Helsinki (UHe), University of Oulu (UOulu), VTT