Education and Children with Developmental Disabilities Jacqueline F. Kearns, Ed.D University of Kentucky
What is going on in Education? • College and Career Ready preparation • Common Core Standards in Reading and Math • The “Race to the Top” • Re-authorization of ESEA • Possible changes in assessment and accountability
Post School Success • Best predictor(s) of post school success among students with disabilities including those with developmental disabilities… • Graduation with a diploma • Reading and writing fluently • Self-determination • Social and communication skills
College and Career Ready • Cognitive strategies – learning HOW to learn – critical thinking, problem solving, ways of thinking & reasoning • Academic skills & knowledge – academic coursework – writing research, math, science, social studies…… • Academic self-monitoring behaviors – study skills, working with others, social skills, seeking assistance • Contextual skills – how to research a career, how to apply to a college, how to register for courses, how to access supports. (Conley, 2007)
College and Career Ready for Students with Developmental Disabilities • National Longitudinal Transition Study – 2 reported that • Youth with developmental disabilities (i.e., intellectual disabilities , multiple disabilities) are the LEAST likely to • receive a high school diploma, • engage in school or work preparation, • see friends, • participate in community or volunteer groups,
So, what are they learning? • For students who take alternate assessments on alternate achievement standards (1% of the total population), • approximately 70% of these students are EXITING school • Reading basic sight words • Using a calculator for math • An additional 30% are leaving school without true symbolic communication withougaugmentative communication
Basic Communication is ESSENTIAL for minimizing risk for abuse, neglect, and extensive health care needs AND forms the foundation for reading.
Discretionary Targets or Initiatives to Support • Discretionary programs to support: • Communication by Kindergarten • College and Career Readiness • Inclusive education with Academic Outcomes • Post Secondary Education Opportunities • Community-based supports and services • Parents and families in advocacy of high expectations • Youth advocacy to pursue their own Dreams