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League of American Bicyclists

League of American Bicyclists

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League of American Bicyclists

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  1. Implementing a Complete Streets Policy League of American Bicyclists

  2. Why Complete Streets? Source: 2000 FHWA Infrastructure Survey League of American Bicyclists

  3. Half of all trips are shorter than 3 miles - a 15 minute bike ride 40% of U.S. adults say they would commute by bike if safe facilities are available Gallup poll – 2002: Half of U.S. adults in favor of providing bicycle and pedestrian facilities even if it means less space for automobiles Transportation • References: 2001 National Household Transportation Survey, League of American Bicyclists Press Release League of American Bicyclists

  4. There are 56 million walking trips in the U. S. everyday One in ten households do not own an automobile 1/3 of the population do not drive an automobile About one in ten trips are made by foot or bicycle already More opportunities • References: 2001 National Household Transportation Survey, League of American Bicyclists Press Release League of American Bicyclists

  5. Example - SCDOT PolicyJanuary 14, 2003 • NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that . . . bicycling and walking accommodations should be a routine part of the department’s planning, design, construction and operating activities, and will be included in the everyday operations of our transportation system; and League of American Bicyclists

  6. Example - SCDOT PolicyJanuary 14, 2003 • THEREFORE, BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the South Carolina Department of Transportation Commission requires South Carolina counties and municipalities to make bicycling and pedestrian improvements an integral part of their transportation planning and programming where State or Federal Highway funding is utilized. League of American Bicyclists

  7. Percent of all trips made on foot or by bicycle? 8.5% Percent of all traffic fatalities that are pedestrians and bicyclists? 13% Disproportionate Deaths • References: 2005 NHTSA Traffic Safety Facts, 2001 National Household Transportation Survey League of American Bicyclists

  8. Focus of this training • Review some successful treatments. • Work on “real life” scenarios relevant to your work. • Help you determine the right balance of modes within the right-of-way. League of American Bicyclists

  9. So what does a complete street look like? League of American Bicyclists

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  13. Cambridge, MA League of American Bicyclists

  14. Arlington, VA League of American Bicyclists

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  21. Realities • Constrained rights-of-way • High volumes of motor vehicle traffic • Tight budgets • Trade-offs are necessary in order to achieve a balance • Modal priorities League of American Bicyclists

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  23. Existing Guidelines National Manual On Uniform Traffic Control (MUTCD 2003) AASHTO Green Book (2004) AASHTO Bicycle Design Guide (1999) AASHTO Pedestrian Design Guide (2004) ADAAG State SCDOT Bicycle Facility Design Guidance League of American Bicyclists

  24. Existing Guidelines Guidance Specific to Bicyclists and Pedestrians League of American Bicyclists

  25. Roadway Design: Focus on moving high volumes of motor vehicle traffic as quickly and efficiently as possible. League of American Bicyclists

  26. What Pedestrians Need: Lower volumes of motor vehicle traffic moving at slow speeds, sidewalks, separation from traffic. League of American Bicyclists

  27. Fatalities based on speed of vehicle A pedestrian’s chance of death if hit by a motor vehicle 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 20mph 30mph 40mph Killing Speed and Saving Lives, UK Department of Transportation League of American Bicyclists

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  29. Crosswalk Refuge Refuge with Traffic Calming League of American Bicyclists

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  31. Crossing Islands League of American Bicyclists

  32. Road diet – Watch it happen League of American Bicyclists

  33. Road diet – Watch it happen League of American Bicyclists

  34. Road diet – Watch it happen League of American Bicyclists

  35. Sidewalk Width –4 feet League of American Bicyclists

  36. Sidewalk Width – 4’ 4’ sidewalk, 3’ grass utility strip League of American Bicyclists

  37. Two adults can walk side-by-side Sidewalk Width – Benefits of 5 foot 5’ sidewalk, 2’ grass utility strip League of American Bicyclists

  38. Sidewalk Width/Design – Brick utility strip 4’ sidewalk, 3’ brick utility strip League of American Bicyclists

  39. Intersection Design League of American Bicyclists

  40. No right-turn-on-red League of American Bicyclists

  41. Countdown signals League of American Bicyclists

  42. Pedestrian Half-Signal League of American Bicyclists

  43. In-street signing League of American Bicyclists

  44. Not for every location . . . League of American Bicyclists

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  47. What Bicyclists Need: SPACE! Lack of adequate space creates hazards for bicyclists and motorists League of American Bicyclists

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  49. Common Roadway and Traffic Conditions that Affect Bicyclists • Effective travel width for bicyclists • On-street parking encroachments • Volume of motor vehicles • Speed of traffic • Proportion of heavy vehicles • Pavement surface condition League of American Bicyclists

  50. Bicycle Level of Service Categories Level-of-Service BLOS Score > A 1.5 > B 1.5 2.5 > and > > C 2.5 3.5 and > > D 3.5 4.5 and > E 4.5 5.5 > and F 5.5 > League of American Bicyclists