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Hand Signals for Crane Operations PowerPoint Presentation
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Hand Signals for Crane Operations

Hand Signals for Crane Operations

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Hand Signals for Crane Operations

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  1. Hand Signals for Crane Operations Construction Safety & Risk Consulting

  2. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals

  3. Safety Consulting, SOP Mobile Crane Communications • ANSI B30.5 Hand Signals • Standard Hand SignalsWho ever is in charge of any crane or hoist operations (Contractor, Forman, Superintendent) using any crane or hoist must ensure that a fully competent, qualified and experienced signal person is assigned to work with the crane for as long as it is working within their area of responsibility.

  4. Safety Consulting, SOP Standard Hand Signals • The code of federal regulations OSHACFR Part 1926.550 and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI B30.5) Mobile Crane, Crawler And Locomotive Crane Standards requires that a signalperson be present at all times whenever: • The crane is working within a boom’s length of power lines. • The operator cannot clearly see the load block/hook and the load at all times. • The crane is being backed up or moved and the operator cannot see all parts of the crane and its intended path of travel.

  5. Safety Consulting, SOP Signal Person Requirements The signalperson assigned to the crane shall: • Be positioned in full view of the operator and if using hand signals close enough for the signals to be seen clearly. The signal persons position must give him/her a full view of the load and equipment at all times without creating a hazard of being struck by the crane and/or load. • The signalperson must be qualified and experienced with the crane and lifting operation. • Responsible for the public and all (unauthorized personnel outside of the crane’s operating radius). • Direct the load so that it never passes over anyone.

  6. Safety Consulting, SOP Signal Person Requirements • Be in constant communication with the operator at all times with either the standard hand signals as required in accordance with ANSI B30.5 or by direct radio communication. • Hand signals should only be used when the distance between the operator and the signalperson is not great and atmospheric conditions allow for clear visibility. • It is recommended that the signalperson wear highly visible gloves (day-glow orange, yellow or white) to distinguish him/herself from other personnel and make the signals clearer

  7. Safety Consulting, SOP Crane Operation Procedures Crane operator practices: • The crane operator Shall Not engage in any practices that will divert attention while actually engaged in operating the crane. • The operator Shall Not engage in the operation of the equipment when physically or mentally unfit. • The operator Shall respond to signals given by a designated signalperson only. • The operator Shall obey a stop/emergency stop signal at any time, no matter who gives it,

  8. Safety Consulting, SOP Crane Operation Procedures Crane operator practices: • The crane operator Shall be responsible for those operations under the operator’s direct control. • Whenever there is any doubt as to the safety, the operator Shall have the authority to stop and refuse to handle loads until safety has been assured. • If it is desired to give instructions to the operator, other than those provided by the established signal system, the crane operator Shall Stop all crane motions.

  9. Safety Consulting, SOP ANSI B30.5 - Hand Signals ANSI B30.5 Standard Hand Signals: • Standard hand signals to the operator shall be in accordance with the standards that are prescribed in ANSI B30.5-3.3.2, unless voice communication equipment (telephone, radio, or equivalent) are utilized. • Signals shall be Discernible or audible at all times. No response shall be made unless signals are clearly understood.

  10. Safety Consulting, SOP Two-Way Radio Communication • It is strongly recommended that 2-way radios be used on all craning operations where the signaling is required. There are far too many accidents that result from misunderstood or misinterpreted hand signals and all could have been avoided by using voice communication. • The signalperson must constantly talk to the operator at all times during loading operations. If for any reason the signalperson stops talking the operator must stop the operation. • Adequate lighting arrangements and radio communications must be provided for all night operations.

  11. Safety Consulting, SOP ANSI B30.5 – Hand Signal Chart Hand signals shall be post on the equipment or conspicuously at the jobsite.

  12. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals Signalperson: Signals shall be Discernible or audible at all times. No response shall be made unless signals are clearly understood.

  13. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Hoist Hoist: With the forearm vertical, forefinger pointing up, move hand in small horizontal circle.

  14. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Lower Lower: With the arm extended downward, forefinger pointing down move hand in small horizontal circle

  15. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Main Hoist Use Main Hoist: Tap fist on top of head then use regular signals.

  16. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Whip-line Use Whip-Line: (Auxiliary Hoist) Tap elbow with one hand, then use regular signals.

  17. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Raise Boom Raise Boom: Arm extended fingers closed with thumb pointing upward.

  18. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Lower Boom Lower Boom: Arm extended fingers closed with thumb pointing downward.

  19. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Move Slowly Move Slowly: Use one hand to give any motion signal and place the other hand motionless in front of hand giving the motion signal (Hoist slowly shown as example).

  20. Hand Signals – Raise Boom & Lower the Load Safety Consulting, SOP Raise the Boom & Lower the Load: With arm extended, thumb pointing up, flex fingers in and out as long as load movement is desired.

  21. Hand Signals – Lower the Boom & Raise the Load Safety Consulting, SOP Lower the Boom & Raise the Load: With arm extended, thumb pointing down, flex fingers in and out as long as load movement is desired.

  22. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Swing Swing: Arm extended, point with finger in direction of swing of boom.

  23. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Stop Stop: Arm extended, palm down, move arm back and forth horizontally.

  24. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Emergency Stop Emergency Stop: Both arms extended, palms down, move arms back and forth horizontally.

  25. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Travel Travel: Arm extended forward hand open and slightly raised make a pushing motion in direction of travel

  26. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals Dog Everything Dog Everything: Clasp hands in front of body.

  27. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Travel Both Tracks Travel Both Tracks: Use both fists in front of body, making a circular motion about each other, indicating direction of travel, forward or backward. (For land cranes only)

  28. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Travel One Track Travel One Track: Lock the track on side indicated by raising fist. Travel opposite direction indicated by circular motion of other fist, rotated vertically in front of body. (For land cranes only)

  29. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Extend Boom Extend Boom: (Hydraulic cranes) Both fists in front of body with thumbs pointing outward.

  30. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Retract Boom Retract Boom: (Hydraulic cranes) Both fists in front of body with thumbs pointing towards each other.

  31. Hand Signals – Extend Boom One Hand Safety Consulting, SOP Extend Boom – One Hand Signal: (Hydraulic cranes) One fist in front of chest with thumb tapping on chest.

  32. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals – Retract Boom One Hand Retract Boom – One Hand Signal: (Hydraulic cranes) One fist in front of chest with thumb pointing outward and heel of fist tapping on chest.

  33. Hand Signals – Special Hand Signals Safety Consulting, SOP ANSI B30.5-3.3.3 Special Signals: • For operations not covered by ANSI B30.5-3.3.2, or for special conditions that occur from time to time, additions to or modifications of the standard signals may be required. In all such cases, these special signals shall be agreed upon in advance by both the operator and the signalperson, and should not be in conflict with the standard signals.

  34. Safety Consulting, SOP Audible Travel Signals ANSI B30.5-3.3.4 Audible Travel Signals: • When moving the vehicle, the following signals shall be used; • STOPOne Audible Signal • GO AHEADTwo Audible Signals • BACK-UPThree Audible Signals

  35. Hand Signals – Special Hand Signals Safety Consulting, SOP ANSI B30.5-3.3.5 Instructions: • If it is desired to give instructions to the crane operator, other than those provided by the established signal system, the crane motions shall be stopped.

  36. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 1. Identify this hand signal? • Travel One Track • Travel Both Tracks • Dog Everything • Stop

  37. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 2. Identify this hand signal? • Stop • Move Slowly • Dog Everything • Emergency Stop

  38. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 3. Identify this hand signal? • Extend Boom • Raise Boom • Retract Boom • Travel To Me

  39. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 4. Identify this hand signal? • Raise Boom Lower Load • Raise Boom Slowly • Lower The Boom And Raise The Load • None Of The Above

  40. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 5. Identify this hand signal? • Travel Forward • Travel One Track • Travel Both Tracks • None Of The Above

  41. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 6. Identify this hand signal? • Raise Boom • Extend Boom • Retract Boom • None Of The Above

  42. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 7. Identify this hand signal? • Raise Boom Slowly • Hoist Slowly • Swing Slowly • None Of The Above

  43. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 9. Identify this hand signal? • Raise Boom Slowly • Use Main Hoist • Use Auxiliary Hoist • Dog Everything

  44. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 10. Identify this hand signal? • Use Auxiliary Hoist • Swing Left • Travel One Track • Dog Everything

  45. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 11. The operator will only respond to signals only from:? • Designated Signalperson • Qualified Signalperson • Experienced Signalperson • All Of The Above

  46. Safety Consulting, SOP Hand Signals - Test 12. All mobile cranes must meet or exceed what ANSI crane standard for personnel lifting? • ANSI B30.2 • ANSI B30.8 • ANSI B30.5 • None Of The Above

  47. Questions? Test Time!! Construction Safety & Risk Consulting