Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Japanese Quiz Bowl PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Japanese Quiz Bowl

Japanese Quiz Bowl

196 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Japanese Quiz Bowl

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Japanese Quiz Bowl

  2. FC.59 THE DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY JAPAN Japan mostly mts. Japan politically fragmented  feudal warfare Small intensively farmed plots  Cooperative soc. Few invasions Less need for strong govt. Less contact w/Asia  Pick & choose for. ideas Resourceful traders & craftsmen Japan being islands Few resources Civilization comes later to Japan Yayoi Culture (c.300 B.C.E.) importing tech. from Asia Yamato Culture (c.300 C.E.) from Asia with horses & better iron tech.: Shintoism which reveres cleanliness, nature, & head of Yamato clan as its religious leader Clans (Uji) who gradually absorb each other through marriage, relig. ties & diplomacy as well as war Yamato Clan unifies Most of Japan by 400 C.E. Japan more open to Chinese influence: Buddh. scriptures Use writing to keep govt. records Confucianism Respect authority & strict hierarchy Growing centralization of the state despite resistance Taika Reforms (645 C.E.) to adapt Chinese govt. techniques to Japan: Permanent capital at Kyoto Systematic taxation Turn hereditary nobles into appointed officials Census & redistribution of land to peasants Taiho Law Code (702), based on Chinese code, organized govt. w/strong emphasis on court ceremony & ritual rather than military strength Increased power of emperor & court, but with Japanese modifications: Omission of Mandate of Heaven Officials & monasteries tax exempt Birth still basis for promotion Even bad emp’s ran little risk of revolution Narrower tax base & greater burden on the poor Hereditary nobles kept status in Japan Still a step forward in the development of Japanese state (FC.60)

  3. FC.60 JAPAN FROM THE HEIANKYO PERIOD TO THE RISE OF THE SAMURAI Powerful Budd. Monasteries Influence of T’ang Dynasty Tax exemptions hurt state (FC.59) Powerful rural nobles (FC.59) Move capital to Heian-Kyo (Kyoto), modeled after Chin. capital, Ch’ang-an Fujiwara family intermarries with emperors & rules for them Rival buddhist sects est. monasteries & own armies  Chronic source of trouble Revolts by frontier warlords & native Ainu Expose govt’s milit. weakness Brilliant court life Influenced later Jap. art & poetry Nobles & court cut off from rest of soc. Rising power of provincial warlords Decline of central govt. & Fujiwara infl. at court Civil war which Minamoto clan wins Kamakura Shogunate (1185-1333) Set up the Bakufu, small efficient milit. Govt. ruling over warrior class of samurai characterized by: The Bushido, a strict code of honor demanding selfless loyalty, bravery, & willingness to suffer hardships Lighter armor of lacquered iron scales & proficiency in both the sword & bow, emphasizing flexibility Hojo regency (1205-1333) which is strong at first Until 2 unsuccessful Mongol invasions create problems: Peaceful conditions & rise of middle class & money econ Huge cost to defeat the Mongols Nobles imitate rich life at court Samurai mad at not getting rewarded Inflation cuts into nobles’ income Hojo power seriously weakened Poor samurai become ronin (bandits) Ashikaga Shogunate replaces Hojo Regency (1338-1573) Growing turmoil & rising power of local warlords (FC.61)

  4. FC.61 JAPAN FROM THE ASHIKAGA TO TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATES (1338-1639) Better tech., especially in agriculture Japanese pirates disrupt trade with China Ashikaga Shogunate (FC.60) Struggle w/Emperor Godaigo & outlying regions Expensive projects cut into Shogun’s estate & tax $ Rise of constables in provinces whose power grows as shoguns decline Turbulent “Age of Warring States” Rise of provincial rulers (daimyo), many of them lower samurai & even peasants, who fight each other, but also carefully run estates & encourage trade Cultural flowering largely centered around Zen: Rise of towns & middle class of moneylenders Portugal trades Chin. Silks to Jap. & brings to guns & Chr. Tea ceremony Flower arranging Japanese gardens Japanese econ. & culture + fear of foreigners  Japan ready to unify Oda Nobunaga (1551-82 gains control of half of Japan because he: Encouraged growth of towns & trade Built milit. power through use of firearms adapted from Europeans Favored Christians vs. militant Buddhists Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1582-98) unites almost all Japan & deals w/changes in Japanese society: Two unsuccessful attempts to conquer Korea (1592 &1597) Franciscans preach to lower classes Suspected of encouraging rev’s Eliminates the firearms & social mobility that helped him rise to power Tokugawa Ieyasu (1598-1616) completes unification  Starts to expel foreigners Strong Mid. Class develops Flowering of Jap. culture Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868) Stable rule & isolation until Japan is forced open by U.S. I 1854 (FC.125)

  5. Early Japan

  6. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation?

  7. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal

  8. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains?

  9. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature

  10. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains?

  11. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72%

  12. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources?

  13. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants

  14. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu?

  15. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North

  16. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji?

  17. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan

  18. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture?

  19. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects

  20. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami?

  21. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto

  22. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto.

  23. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit.

  24. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on?

  25. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism

  26. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion?

  27. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing

  28. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing 10) The importance of Confucianism?

  29. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing 10) The importance of Confucianism? Stressed soc. hierarchy & education

  30. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing 10) The importance of Confucianism? Stressed soc. hierarchy & education 11) What part of Chin. culture did Jap. reject?

  31. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing 10) The importance of Confucianism? Stressed soc. hierarchy & education 11) What part of Chin. culture did Jap. reject? Mandate of Heaven & promotion by merit

  32. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing 10) The importance of Confucianism? Stressed soc. hierarchy & education 11) What part of Chin. culture did Jap. reject? Mandate of Heaven & promotion by merit ECT: Who or what does torie refer to?

  33. Early Japan 1) Two effects of being an island nation? 1. Can pick & choose foreign influences 2 . Few invasions-> less need for strong cent. Govt.-> More feudal 2) Two effects of mountains? Divided Japan politically & ltd farmland-> intensive agr. & coop. nature ECT: How much of Japan is mountains? 72% 3) The role of resources? Few resources-> resourceful artisans & merchants 4) Who or what were the Ainu? Primeval inhabitants of Jap. Driven to far North 5) Who or what were the Uji? Early clans in Japan 6) What was Shinto and its impact on Japanese culture? Primeval religion of Japan centered on natural forces & objects ECT: Who or what are kami? Spirits inhabiting natural objects in Shinto 7) Describe worship service in Shinto. No words or scripture; clap hands to get spirits’ attention; simple offerings to spirit. 8) Two ways China influenced Japan early on? Confucianism & Buddhism 9) The imp. of Buddhism besides religion? Budd. Scriptures-> Adopt Chinese writing 10) The importance of Confucianism? Stressed soc. hierarchy & education 11) What part of Chin. culture did Jap. reject? Mandate of Heaven & promotion by merit ECT: Who or what does torie refer to? Shinto gate

  34. Video Quiz Bowl!

  35. A What is this? The “floating tori-e” near Hiroshima.

  36. 1923 Kanto earthquake Big fire Landlside Tsunami Firestorm ->high winds Helped put out fires Complete this flowchart Earthquake at noon while cooking lunch

  37. How many protective statues are there here? 1001

  38. What is this called? Wedded Rocks Shinto Shrine

  39. The Heian Period (794-1185)

  40. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it?

  41. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto

  42. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo?

  43. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s

  44. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo?

  45. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo? Rectangular grid

  46. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo? Rectangular grid ECT: What city was it modeled after?

  47. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo? Rectangular grid ECT: What city was it modeled after? Ch’ang an

  48. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo? Rectangular grid ECT: What city was it modeled after? Ch’ang an ECT: What was strategic about Monast. On Mt. Hiei?

  49. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo? Rectangular grid ECT: What city was it modeled after? Ch’ang an ECT: What was strategic about Monast. On Mt. Hiei? It protected capital from demons that always come from the NE.

  50. The Heian Period (794-1185) 1) Ancient capital of Japan & what modern city is it? Heian-Kyo; Kyoto 2) Reasons for moving the capital to Heian-Kyo? To escape power of Budd. monast’s 3) Layout of Heian-Kyo? Rectangular grid ECT: What city was it modeled after? Ch’ang an ECT: What was strategic about Monast. On Mt. Hiei? It protected capital from demons that always come from the NE. ECT: Who was Jimmu?