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Language-based Implementation of Multi-Vendor Support in an AdvancedTCA Shelf Manager

Language-based Implementation of Multi-Vendor Support in an AdvancedTCA Shelf Manager

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Language-based Implementation of Multi-Vendor Support in an AdvancedTCA Shelf Manager

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  1. Language-based Implementation of Multi-Vendor Support in an AdvancedTCA Shelf Manager Sergey Zhukov

  2. Introduction • Auriga/Pigeon Point Systems (PPS) collaboration • Dedicated engineering team for more than 10 years • Specialized in management for telecommunications systems based on open standards • Current project: management for AdvancedTCA systems • AdvancedTCA (ATCA) – an open standard for multi-board systems (shelves) used in telecommunications, developed by PICMG standards body in 2003 • AdvancedTCA boards can be single-board computers or specialized boards (DSPs, storage boards) • Shelf can host boards from different vendors • Management based on IPMI management specification from Intel • MicroTCA – a smaller form-factor variant of AdvancedTCA for use in other areas (industry, medical)

  3. Management Architecture in AdvancedTCA

  4. Pigeon Point Shelf Manager • Hardware and software solution for management in AdvancedTCA shelves • Implemented on a small mezzanine single-board computer (ShMM) • Runs embedded Linux • Shelf Management software runs as a user-mode application • Needs vendor-specific carrier board to plug into the shelf • Interface between a carrier board and a shelf is vendor-specific • Device population of a carrier board is vendor-specific • Shelf Manager operates with carrier boards and shelves from different vendors

  5. An AdvancedTCA Shelf with Shelf Manager

  6. Shelf Manager Software Adaptation Problem • To provide multi-vendor support, Shelf Manager software needs adaptation to a specific carrier and/or shelf • Previously: carrier- and shelf-specific pieces of code in the Shelf Manager software • Does not scale well when number of supported vendors grows, which happened over time • However the most practical solution for not very powerful original ShMMs • But in newer ShMM models processing power increased • A language-based solution to this problem has been introduced

  7. Language-Based Solution • Define a language for describing carrier and shelves • Hardware Platform Definition Language - HPDL • Each language unit (module) describes a carrier or a shelf • Created by PPS engineers or by shelf/carrier vendors • Modules compiled into binary format by a special compiler • Binary format loaded and interpreted by the Shelf Manager software

  8. Storing Binary HPDL modules • Preferred location – Carrier or Shelf FRU Information storage • AdvancedTCA/IPMI standard storage • Collocated with the respective carrier or shelf • Coexists with other (standard) records that describe carrier and shelf • Carrier and shelf become self-describing • Stored together with sensor data records (SDRs) • SDRs are standardized descriptions of IPMI sensors • Shelf Manager uses HPDL descriptions and SDRs together

  9. HPDL Features • Describes following objects: • Shelf Manager carrier board • Other modules on the carrier board (mezzanines, RTMs) • Non-intelligent modules in the shelf under direct control of the Shelf Manager (power supplies, fan trays, alarm panels) • I/O devices on the carrier board and in the shelf, controlled by the Shelf Manager (mostly I2C devices) • For each device, accessible signals and expressions over these signals are defined • IPMI sensors on the carrier board and in the shelf, bound to I/O devices, signals and expressions

  10. HPDL Object Hierarchy

  11. Describing FRUs • FRU as an object is defined in the AdvancedTCA specification • Hot swappable: can be replaced dynamically • Power Management: dynamically powered on and off • Supports other AdvancedTCA features – payload reset, etc. • Carrier board, non-intelligent modules, mezzanines are represented as FRUs • In HPDL, described via “FRU” statement with subordinate clauses and sub-statements • Unique name • Presence expression: indicates physical presence of the FRU • Hot Swap latch expression and LED signal

  12. Describing FRUs (2) • More clauses for “FRU” statement • FRU Information location (normally an EEPROM) • Signals for other standard and custom LEDs (besides Hot Swap) • Initial and periodic actions (local FRU management policies) • List of device descriptions for devices that belong to the FRU • List of IPMI sensor descriptions for sensors that belong to the FRU • Amount of power consumed by the FRU (used in power budget calculation and management) • Some other spec-defined FRU properties

  13. Describing Fan Trays • Fan tray is a specific case of FRU • Includes one or more fans that are used for shelf cooling • In HPDL, defined by “FAN TRAY” statement • Includes all clauses of the “FRU” statement, plus: • Fan speed properties: minimum, maximum and recommended speed level • A signal or set of signals to set fans to a certain speed level • A signal to cause emergency shutdown (in case of fire in the shelf) • List of fan speed (tachometer) sensors, associated with each fan

  14. Describing Devices • I/O devices on the Carrier board and in the shelf • Directly controlled by the Shelf Manager (without IPMI) • Mostly I2C devices, with some exceptions (direct ShMM GPIOs) • Each device is associated with some FRU • In HPDL, defined by “DEVICE” sub-statement • In the scope of the corresponding “FRU” statement • Includes the following clauses: • Device type • Device bus number and address • List of used signals

  15. Describing Signals • Set of signals represents the device interface • A signal can represent • An integer register • A single bit in a register • A data storage (e.g. an EEPROM) • Signal can be read-write, read-only or write-only • Internal signals a for device are defined by device type • HPDL maps internal signals to externally visible signals • Directly or using expressions • Defined by “SIGNALS” clause • In the scope of the corresponding “DEVICE” statement

  16. Handling Devices in the Shelf Manager • Some devices need an HPDL driver • A piece of code in the Shelf Manager software • Defines internal signals that can be exposed • Provides access to the actual device via the signals • Some I2C devices do not need a special driver • Use generic I2C driver in the Shelf Manager software • Exposes 256 byte-sized signals (mapped to registers) and 256*8 one-bit signals • Access via Read Byte/Write Byte SMB commands

  17. Describing Sensors • AdvancedTCA uses IPMI sensor model • Sensor properties described in Sensor Data Records (SDRs) • Analog sensors • Expose 1-byte raw value • Translated to actual value using formulas in SDR • Support thresholds and hysteresis • Discrete sensors • Up to 15 states, can be set simultaneously • Settable sensors: value/states can be set via IPMI commands • HPDL: mapping device signals to IPMI sensors • To make signals accessible via standard IPMI mechanisms

  18. Describing Sensors (2) • Described by “SENSORS” clause in a “FRU” statement • For each sensor, following attributes are specified • Sensor number and LUN (IPMI addressing information) • Sensor value as expression or expressions over signals • Initial state for discrete sensors • Polling interval in milliseconds • For settable sensors, signals to set when the value is set externally • SDRs are compiled separately and stored in a parallel data storage • SDR binary format defined by the IPMI specification • Compiled by already existing (reused) compiler • When implementing sensors, Shelf Manager software uses both HPDL and SDRs • SDRs provide sensor properties, HPDL provides binding to hardware

  19. FRU Carrier_FRU { SITE 3, 1; ... POWER_LEVELS { 10000; }; FRU_INFORMATION MasterADM1026.EEPROM; DEVICES { DEVICE Multiplexer { PCA9545: 0: 0x70; SIGNALS { Channels: Channels, "1", "2", "3", "4"; }; }; DEVICE MasterADM1026 { ADM1026: 0: 0x2e; SIGNALS { Temp1: IntTemp; Temp2: ExtTemp1; Temp3: ExtTemp2; St_3_3V: Stdby_3_3V; Main_3_3V: Main_3_3V; Plus_5V: Plus_5V; Minus_12V: Minus_12V; Vbat: Vbat; # Tachometer signals 0 to 7 Tachometer0: Tachometer0, "8"; ... Tachometer7: Tachometer7, "8"; # GPIOs: input, active low PwrGoodBus: GPIO12, in, low; PwrGoodAcb: GPIO13, in, low; FanControl: PWM; FanLocalControl: PWM_AFC; EEPROM: EEPROM; }; }; }; # End of DEVICES statement HPDL Example

  20. ... SENSORS { 0x10,0,2: 3000: MasterADM1026.Temp1; 0x10,0,3: 3000: MasterADM1026.St_3_3V; 0x10,0,6: 3000: MasterADM1026.Vbat; 0x10,0,15: 3000: MasterADM1026.PwrGoodBus; 0x10,0,16: 3000: MasterADM1026.PwrGoodAcb; # Expression used for the next sensor 0x10,0,17: 3000: !MasterADM1026.PwrGoodBus || MasterADM1026.PwrGoodAcb; }; # End of SENSORS statement }; # End of FRU statement HPDL Example (2)

  21. ASN.1 as Binary HPDL Format • ASN.1 BER (optionally compressed) as format for binary data • Produced by HPDL compiler, parsed by the Shelf Manager software • Motivations • Backward compatibility (new Shelf Manager interprets old HPDL modules) • Forward compatibility (old Shelf Manager interprets new HPDL modules) • Both can be achieved using ASN.1 tagged encoding • Compactness of representation (EEPROMs are small) • Decoding can be done efficiently (limited resources on ShMM) • Availability of libraries that encode and decode BER

  22. HPDL Compiler Implementation • Command-line program in two versions: for Windows and for Linux • Implemented in C++ • HPDL defined by a context-free grammar • Bison used as a parser generator • Can be compiled by GCC for Linux, by MSVC for Windows • Special tools to convert output to IPMI FRU Information format

  23. HPDL Introduction: Case Study: Client A • Shelf and Carrier Board vendor, collaborates with PPS for a long time • Carrier-specific code has been used to support their carriers and shelves • Initialization parameters were used to specify actual carrier and shelf model • Gradual transition to HPDL for this client • HPDL now used to support all new shelf models and new generation Carrier boards • Shelves became self-describing, no initialization parameters needed • Carrier-specific code still exists to support legacy hardware but is not actively maintained recently • HPDL modules are developed by PPS engineers, Client engineers have a working knowledge of them and sometimes make changes (in coordination with PPS) • Many change requests from the client affect HPDL modules only and do not require a new release of the Shelf Manager

  24. HPDL Introduction: Case Study: Client B • Another shelf and Carrier board vendor, recently came to AdvancedTCA market • HPDL was already used in PPS • No carrier-specific code for this client, only HPDL • HPDL modules developed by engineers on the client side • Made accessible to PPS to review and store in the common repository of HPDL modules • Client is self-sufficient with respect to support of their hardware with PPS management solutions

  25. Conclusion. Advantages of Using HPDL • No need of special Shelf Manager release to support new carrier boards/shelves • Dramatically reduced effort to implement support for new carrier boards/shelves in PPS • Carrier and shelf vendors can themselves use HPDL for their products and take support activity in their own hands

  26. Resources • Auriga Inc. • • Pigeon Point Systems • • PICMG • • IPMI •

  27. Q&A; Auriga At a Glance World leader in R&D outsourcing Global Services 100 and Global Outsourcing 100 company Top 10 Offshore Eastern and Central Europe In business since 1990—first in Russia Incorporated in the U.S. in 1993 5 engineering centers in Russia—Moscow (3), Nizhny Novgorod (1), Rostov-on-Don (1) Engineering center in EU (Vilnius, Lithuania) Close relationship with the leading Chinese vendors 250+FTEs with low attrition & rotation CMMI Level4 company SPICE (ISO 15504) assessed Life critical software compliant Focus on software R&D and product engineering for high-tech clients Leader in system-level & embedded development services Proficient in Web & enterprise applications Mobile technologies & Knowledge management solutions as outposts of further expertise development