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Hypnosis PowerPoint Presentation

Hypnosis

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Hypnosis

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  1. Hypnosis

  2. Qualities of Hypnosis • May or may not feel sleepy • Usually feel more relaxed • Increased susceptibility to suggestions • Enhanced imagery and imagination • Loss of Initiative

  3. Qualities of Hypnosis (continued) • Availability of visual memories from the past, though possibly distorted • Lack of desire to make and carry out plans • Retains ability to initiate or terminate actions

  4. Qualities of Hypnosis (continued) • Reduction in Reality Testing • Change in personality • Accept falsified memories • Modify the rate which they process time • Experience the presence of an object that isn’t there or visa versa

  5. Standardized Tests for Hypnotic Susceptibility • Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale • Three forms: • A and B: Emphasize compliance with motor related suggestions • Are parallel, permitting test-retest reliability • C: Emphasizes Cognitive components of hypnotic susceptibility

  6. Standardized Tests for Hypnotic Susceptibility • Barber Suggestibility Scale: • Like the Stanford test, performed on an individual basis, rated by the examiner • Consists of Only 8 Tasks

  7. Standardized Tests for Hypnotic Susceptibility • Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility • Administered in a group setting • Subjects score themselves • Less accurate

  8. Different Hypnotic Susceptibility Tests

  9. Physiological Changes • Greater advantage of left body parts • Tendency to go towards the right • Increased Respiration Rates • Decreased Heart Rate • Changes in Cortical ERPs

  10. Hypnotherapy: Habit Control • Obesity • Direct Suggestion • Ego - Enhancing Suggestions • Mental Imagery • Self Hypnosis • Audiotapes

  11. Hypnotherapy: Habit Control • Smoking: • Concentrate on three ideas: • Cigarettes are poison to the body • Life is not possible without the body • Life is possible only if one respects and protect’s one’s body • Success Rates: • One Treatment: 20% • Five Treatment: 63%

  12. Hypnotherapy: Phobias • Used along with systematic sensitization • Uses imagery of being around a snake • Very successful in reducing phobias both in and outside of laboratory settings

  13. Hypnosis and Pain Control • Analgesia: The removal of existing pain • Anesthesia: The prevention of the pain that is not currently present • Today, primarily used in conjunction with chemical anesthesia

  14. Hypnosis and Memory • Amnesia: The loss of memory • Hyperamnesia: Improving an individual’s memory for events experienced in the past • Reports of witnesses providing new evidence while hypnotized • Many reports of inaccurate recollection or confabulation

  15. Hypnosis and Memory • Hypnotic Age Regression: Taking subjects back n time to recall events that happened to them • In the news recently about hypnosis being used to recall childhood sexual abuse. Is this accurate?

  16. Hypnosis and Perception • Hypnotic suggestions lead to improvement in visual acuity in myopic (nearsighted) subjects • Hypnotic Deafness can affect auditory sensitivity on Visual Choice Reaction Time • Increased performance on the Stroop Test

  17. Contemporary Theories of Hypnosis • Trance Theory: Hypnosis involves a trance during which the subject is in a heightened state of susceptibility to suggestion • Hidden Observer: When asked to write down information, will often reveal info against what he/she has already said • Changes in cognition

  18. Contemporary Theories of Hypnosis • Sociological Role Theory: Hypnotized individuals behave as they do because they are striving to enact the role of a hypnotized subject as it is defined by the hypnotist and society in general • There is no significant cognitive change

  19. Contemporary Theories of Hypnosis • Task-Motivation Theory: Hypnosis is not an altered state of consciousness, rather it is a predisposition in a normal state of awareness to attend to commands and suggestions from a hypnotist.