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ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PowerPoint Presentation
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ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

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ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

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  1. ROAD SAFETYinDEVELOPING COUNTRIES BY MIKE GOODGE

  2. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • Developing Countries v Industrialised • Top Down v Bottom Up • 4 E’s + • Latest Trends/Needs

  3. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Terms: • Accidents (Collisions, Crashes) Fatal, Serious, Slight, Damage only Head-on, Rear-end, Motorcycle • Casualties (People) Fatalities, Injuries, Pedestrians, Passengers, Drivers etc

  4. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Developing Countries Industrialised Countries Growth in Very Rapid Almost Stable Vehicle ownership Growth Very Rapid Going Down in Accidents

  5. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Accident Costs ??? • RESOURCE COST Police, ambulance, hospital, damage to vehicle/property, lost resource • PAIN, GRIEF & SUFFERING ??????

  6. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Accident Costs ??? • UK FATAL MOTORWAY ACCIDENT £1,000,000+ • CYPRUS FATAL ACCIDENT £110,000 • VIETNAM ?????????

  7. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Accident Costs ??? VIETNAM ????????? Typically costs country 1-2% GDP Equivalent to all loans ??????

  8. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Top Down v Bottom Up • Top Down Traditional Approach funded by World Bank Consultant’s team + Ministries, Road Authorities, Traffic Police National Road Safety Plan National Pilot Projects • Bottom Up Latest approach supported by World Bank & GRSP (Global Road Safety Partnership) Individual Co-ordinator + NGOs, Businesses, Local Leaders Community Initiatives, Local Pilot Projects, HI type approach

  9. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 4 E’s + • Engineering • Enforcement • Education • Encouragement

  10. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 4 Es + OTHER SECTORS Co-ordination, Management Finance Accident Data System Vehicle standards Emergency Aid Research Accident Costs

  11. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • Engineering Analysis of Accident Data Priorities for Engineers, Enforcement & Education Accident Investigation & Prevention on the Highway Blackspot treatment Route treatment Area treatment Traffic Calming Speed Reduction,Road Humps, Rumble Bars, Gateways-------

  12. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Engineering continued Safety Audit—Checking Designs Feasibility stage Preliminary Design Final design Pre-opening Existing Road Road Safety Plans

  13. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Enforcement Legislation Checking Documents (driver, vehicle) Moving Violations Targetted Enforcement Speed Alcohol Seat belts Helmets Illegal turns---------------

  14. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Education General Public Play Groups Primary Schools Secondary Schools Colleges, Universities Pupils, Teachers, Parents, Managers, Policy Makers

  15. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Education • Teaching Regulations ??????? • Teaching Awareness, Changing Attitudes, Changing Behaviour. • IN ANY OR ALL SUBJECTS IN THE CURRICULUM

  16. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Education Training: Teaching Skills Crossing the road Riding a bicycle Riding a motor bike Driving a car Driving a heavy goods vehicle, bus

  17. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Encouragement Publicity Campaigns Helmet wearing Alcohol Seat belts Defensive driving----------- Leaflets, posters, stickers, press releases, TV, radio, meetings, events ----------

  18. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Encouragement Company Policies. HI ???????? Helmet wearing Alcohol Seat belts Defensive driving------

  19. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Latest Trends & Needs Trends: Increased Traffic - Increased Accidents New roads -Much Higher Speeds Much Higher Severity Accidents Serious Problems at all Communities

  20. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SPEED If a child is hit by a car at 20 kph, 95% live If a child is hit by a car at 40 kph, 95% die (UK data, UK hospitals)

  21. ROAD SAFETY in DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Road Safety Needs Top Down AND Bottom Up Co-ordinated Approach (All Agencies All Disciplines) National & Local Plans Safety Audit of ALL designs Traffic Calming at ALL Communities Community Based Initiatives

  22. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY Highway 1 Rehabilitation Project ROSS SILCOCK

  23. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDYSTUDY TEAM: Safety Audit ROSS SILCOCK

  24. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDYSTUDY TEAM • Foreign Consultants Ross Silcock Limited TRL , Crown Agents • Local Consultants VRA CSGTNTSC ROSS SILCOCK

  25. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY World Bank Highway 1 Rehabilitation Project Project Management Unit 1 (PMU 1) Ministry of Transport Steering Group ROSS SILCOCK

  26. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY Highway 1 Rehabilitation Project ROSS SILCOCK

  27. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY Objectives: • Quantify road safety problem in Vietnam including costs • Carry out Priority Action: data system, blackspots • Review all Sectors & devise • Comprehensive Prioritised Programme ROSS SILCOCK

  28. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY • PHASE 1 (November 1997 6 months) Review of Road Safety Sectors Design of Priority Action Plan • PHASE 2 (18 Months + 4.5 months) Implementation of Priority Actions Accident Data System Demonstration Projects on QL 1 (Engineering, Enforcement) Five Year Plan Strengthening of all Sectors ROSS SILCOCK

  29. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY Technical Reports: 1 Vietnamese Road Safety Review 2 Highway Authority & Police Activity on QL 1 3 Road Safety Audit 4 Procurement of Police Equipment 5 Hazardous Locations on QL 1 6 Road Accident Costs in Vietnam 7 Three Road Safety Audit Reports ROSS SILCOCK

  30. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY Training Manuals: 1 Police Enforcement 2 Investigating & Improving Blackspots 3 Road Safety Audit 4 Accident Analysis System ROSS SILCOCK

  31. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT Current Situation In the 10 years from 1990 to 1999 • 140,278 recorded accidents • 45,196 people killed • 153,474 people injured. • number of accidents increased 3.8 times • number of fatalities increased 3.2 times • number of injuries increased 5.2 times ROSS SILCOCK

  32. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT Motorisation in Vietnam vehicles could still: • double after six years and • quadruple after 11 years • Only after quadrupling would Vietnam’s motorisation level be comparable with that of Thailand’s 1995 level REAAA ROSS SILCOCK

  33. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT International Comparisons DROP IN TOTAL FATALITIES • Japan 50% 1970 - 1980 • Holland 60% 1972 - 1982 • Sweden 50% 1971 - 1981 • UK 30% 1971 - 1981 ROSS SILCOCK

  34. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT Priority Action Plan: Objectives • Improve the quality of, and access to Police accident data system • Black spot analysis and Road Safety Audit including training • Strengthen the Traffic Police and Traffic Inspectors with regard to enforcement using modern equipment and techniques • Strengthening the NTSC co-ordination and control of road safety • Study Tour to Europe ROSS SILCOCK

  35. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT Priority Action Plan Traffic Law Enforcement Purchasing Equipment REAAA ROSS SILCOCK

  36. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT PROPOSED FIVE YEAR PROGRAMME • All Sectors • Co-ordinated ROSS SILCOCK

  37. VIETNAM ROAD SAFETY IMPROVEMENT STUDY DRAFT FINAL REPORT PROPOSED FIVE YEAR PROGRAMME 1 Accident Data Systems 2 Road Safety Engineering 3 Traffic Law Enforcement 4 Co-ordination of Road Safety 5 Road Safety Education & Publicity 6 Driver Training & Testing 7 Vehicle Inspection 8 Emergency Medical Services 9 Road Safety Research ROSS SILCOCK

  38. Handicap International Road Safety Study (4 weeks) Mike & Miss Hue • Terms of Reference Meet Road Safety Participants Collect Information Assess Situation problems, programmes Plan project and project partners

  39. WE BELIEVE HI & the Partners in the room can have a profound effect on the Road Safety process and help reduce injuries & disabilities in Ho Chi Minh City

  40. I look forward to working with you Thank you Mike Goodge