The Nazi Party Lesson starter: Write down all that you know about the German Nazi Party. You should aim for at least 3 facts
Today we will… • Explainthe appeal of the National Socialist Party in Germany • Identify the ways in which they stood out from other parties
I can… • Create a revision guide of my choice on why people liked the Nazi party • Summarise the Appeal of the Nazis in my Added Value Unit evidence sheet
Initially called German Workers’ Party – run by Anton Drexler • NSDAP • Hitler took over after he left jail in 9124 • A right wing party • They adopted the swastika as their flag and symbol
Views of the Nazi Party • Strongly against Treaty of Versailles • Belief in the ‘dolschtoss’ – that Germany had been forced to surrender in WWI by socialists, Jews etc • Anti – Semitic (against Jews) • Need for strong and strict government • Fiercely anti- Communist
To the Unemployed… • They offered an end to unemployment and jobs for all 6 million out of work
To the rich and middle class… • They promised to wipe out communism which the rich were terrified of (as they could lose everything)
To the farmers… • They promised a higher price for their produce and to keep the Jewish banks off their backs
To the Businessmen… • They promised to reduce the power of Trade Unions and control striking workers
To the Nationalists and ex-soldiers… • They promised to rip up the Treaty of Versailles and rebuild the army
To the women (50% of the population)… • They promised a return to ‘family values’ and that they would listen to women in Germany
To the young people… • They promised hope for the future with jobs and a stable economy
The Nazi policies • The promises of the Nazis appealed to every group of society and they told people what they wanted to hear • The Nazis gained votes because their policies had universal appeal (they basically promised something to everyone!) • Other parties only appealed to some people (i.e. the Communists only appealed to poorer voters)
Recap… • In pairs, one person read out Nazi promises and the other person should try to pick out which group that policy is aimed at • Do you think you would have been taken in by the Nazi promises? Which would appeal to you Take some thinking time…
Add to your AVU (Appeal of the Nazis side) Nazi Party Policies • What the Nazi party believed • Examples of at least 4 promises and who they were aimed at • How did the Nazi policies help them become more popular?
PropagandaMaterials which present a biased view • The Nazis were masters of propaganda, posters, newspapers, speeches, songs etc. • Dr Josef Goebbels was in charge of propaganda – he ensured the Nazis were always presented in a positive light • Hitler was presented as a saviour - the only man to save Germany
Propaganda 1: Long Live Germany! • Hitler as a god-like figure – bathed in a glow of light – like an angel • also bursting through the dark clouds, suggesting Hitler can push through any enemy and obstacle. • The eagle flying over head – eagle used a lot in propaganda posters – symbol of power and strength • Long Live Germany – Hitler will ensure Germany’s survival • Hitler is serious, determined • Numbers of supporters - strength • The stark red of the flags provides and definite contrast against the grey uniform and landscape and make the nazi emblem stand out.
Propaganda 2 : One Last Hope: Hitler • Germany is a country in despair. • The style of drawing gives the people a ‘rough edged’ quality – making me think that they have been through a lot in recent times. • People are tired, hungry, desperate • HITLER the biggest writing on the poster • Mixed age range of people – all are suffering • Idea you should put your trust, your last hope in Hitler • The use of colour in this poster is extremely effective – the people are all coloured in a dirty brown shade – enforcing this feeling of rough, tired, poor, shabby people who have had a hard time. It also makes the words stand out as they are printed in white.
What else contributed to the Nazis positive image? • The SA ‘Brownshirts’ – Strong, disciplined, smartly dressed in brown uniforms – they gave the impression of organisation • The Swastika – a bold, easily recognizable symbol – made them stand out from the competition
Add to your AVU (Appeal of the Nazis side) Nazi Propaganda • Who was in charge of propaganda and how he presented Hitler • An example of one propaganda campaign (and what it made people think) • Why the SA impressed people • How the swastika helped the Nazis
1. Hitler was a great speaker • Hitler was the driving force behind the Nazi party • He was a charismatic public speaker • His speeches were so popular he even charged people to come and hear them • Started quietly and slowly but became loud and spellbinding • Used humour and anger to enthuse his audience Hitler's speeches
2. Hitler’s ideology • Hitler was a WWI veteran and had won the iron cross – this gained him respect • He was a German patriot – He loved Germany and was a nationalist • He wanted to make Germany strong and proud again • He had a vision for Germany • He provided people with ‘scapegoats’ = groups they could blame for their problems eg. Jews, Communists and immigrants
3. Hitler’s Important Friends • Alfred Hugenbergowned most of Germany’s cinemas and hundreds of newspapers • He supported Hitler as he wanted to stop the Communists and poured money into the Nazi party • In the 1930s, the cinema was the only place people could watch the news • Hugenberg basically gave the Nazis nationwide positive publicity • Many other rich businessmen also financially supported the Nazi party due to their fear of Communism
The massive sums of money given to the Nazis meant Hitler was the only politician who could afford to use air travel • This meant he could speak in several German cities in one day, maximising the amount of people who heard his message
Add to your AVU (Appeal of the Nazis side) Hitler’s Leadership of the Nazi Party • Describe Hitler as a speaker. • What did people like about Hitler’s ideology? • Who were Hitler’s important friends and how did they help him?
N5 Extension: The Nazi party vs. The Communist party
The Nazi Party The Communist Party Leader: Ernst Thälmann Party Policies: Appealed only to poor and working class Army: Red Front (banned in 1929 for violence) History: strongly associated with the violent Spartacist Revolt in 1919 Who strongly opposed them: all rich, all middle class, anyone who supported democracy Party Vision: Divided. Different opinions on how Germany should be run/ who should lead • Leader: Adolf Hitler • Party Policies: Appealed to every group in Germany • Paramilitary: The smartly dressed SA, around 2million members • History: many SA and Nazi members respected WWI veterans or Friekorps • Who strongly opposed them: Communists • Party Vision: all members completely support a National Socialist Germany with Hitler as leader
Who looks more likely to return Germany to a strong and stable country?
Add to your AVU (Appeal of the Nazis side) The Nazis compared to the Communists • Choose three areas of comparison and explain why the Nazis had the edge over the Communists I.e. The Nazis had party policies that appealed to all – poor, rich, middle class, women and young people. The Communists only really appealed to one group – the working class.
Revision Task • Create a revision diagram on The Appeal of the Nazis • It should contain • Four sections – policies, propaganda, Hitler as a leader and Nazis vs. Communists • Detailed information on the four topics • Symbols/ Pictures which help jog your memory