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Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty

Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty

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Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty

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  1. Beauty is Truth, Truth Beauty The Romantic Period 1798-1832

  2. Rulers of the Era (1798-1832) • George III – 1760 – 1820 • Lost the American Revolution • Declared insane – 1811 • Son named Prince Regent – Regency Period • George IV – 1820 – 1830 • Scandalous reputation • William – 1830-1837 • Brother of George IV • 10 illegitimate children – no legitimate heir

  3. Ruler of the Next Era • Victoria – 1837 - 1901 • Daughter of youngest brother • Came to throne at age 18 • Determined to restore morality and decency • Period called The Victorian Era

  4. Major Happenings • The American Revolution (1776): • Loss of British prestige, confidence and economy • The French Revolution (1789): • Ruling class fears an overthrow of the King and the rise of the lower classes • Napoleonic War (1793-1804): • Results in war between France and England (again); great suspicion of French spies; agitators held in prison without trial. • Industrial Revolution Continues • Urban population lives in appalling conditions; good produced by machine and not by hand • Laissez Faire Business/ Government Principles • The rich get richer and the poor get poorer

  5. Society – the haves and have nots • Inhuman working conditions • Slave wages • Moral collapse • Disease • Squalid living conditions

  6. Why Romanticism • A rebellion against the age of reason – too scientific • A reaction to society’s ills brought on by industrialization • Belief in trusting one’s emotions • Questioning tradition and authority • Remember– Romanticism doesn’t imply love stories but only an optimistic, idealistic outlook on life

  7. What Romantics Wrote About • Faraway places • Inspiration through nature • Forbidden ancient knowledge • Fantasy and escape • Praise of the common man • Glorification of the social outcast – the rebel • Exploration of the dark side of life

  8. Writers of the Era – The Poets • William Wordsworth • The World is Too Much with Us • John Keats • On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer • Robert Burns • To a Mouse • William Blake • The Tyger / The Lamb • Lord Byron (George Gordon) • She Walks in Beauty

  9. Writers of the Era – The Poets • Percy Shelly • To a Skylark • Samuel Taylor Coleridge • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner • Kubla Khan

  10. Writers of the Era – the Novelists • Jane Austen • Pride and Prejudice • Henry Fielding • The History of Tom Jones – a Foundling • Mary Shelly • Frankenstein • Sir Walter Scott • Ivanhoe