ImperialismCauses and Effects Mr. Bach Hudson High School Accelerated World History
Cause #1: Raw Materials • Industrialization throughout Europe depended on raw materials. • Countries need to establish colonies to provide raw materials.
Cause #2: Investment Opportunities • Bourgeoisie could make a great deal of money developing new areas around the world. • Example: Building railroads across Africa, establishing factories in India.
Cause #3: Military Superiority • Weaponry of the Industrial Age gave European nations a huge military advantage over the people of Africa, India, and China.
Cause #4: Transportation Improvements • New advancements such as railroads and steamships allowed Europeans to be able to penetrate deeper into jungles and wild areas than before.
Cause #5: Medical Advancements • Germ theory and the discovery of quinine (malaria) gave Europeans the physical strength necessary to survive in inhospitable environments.
Cause #6: Philosophical Justification • Philosophies of racism and Social Darwinism provided Europeans with the justification they needed to conquer and subdue native peoples.
Cause #7: Imperial Competition • Imperial ambitions started a slippery slope where European nations “scrambled” to divide up the map as quickly as they could.
Effect #1: Interdependence • People of varying cultures interacted as never before and the actions of one group started to greatly impact the lives of the other.
Effect #2: Wealth Transfer • Imperial conquests established wealthy families and companies (many that exist to this day). • The wealth was largely stolen from the indigenous peoples.
Effect #3: New Conflicts • Imperialism sowed the seeds of many current conflicts: • Middle East • African religious conflicts (Sudan) • African ethnic conflicts (Rwanda) • Conflict between European culture and native culture.
Cause #4: Retarded Development • Imperialism, after an initial spurt, slowed economic and political development in the native areas that were impacted by European influence.