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Bacteria are extremely numerous PowerPoint Presentation
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Bacteria are extremely numerous

Bacteria are extremely numerous

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Bacteria are extremely numerous

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  1. Bacteria are extremely numerous 1030 vs 1010 bacteria humans 1014 vs 1013 bacterial cells in human cells in a human body a human body

  2. Bacteria can be extremely dangerous • In the 19th Century 1 in 7 deaths was caused by a single bacterial lineage (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) • TB still causes 1.7 million deaths annually

  3. Bacteria evolve extremly rapidly

  4. Bacterial genomes are small: 4,000,000 bp vs 2 * 3,000,000,000 bp typical bacteria human

  5. Bacterial replication

  6. Bacterial sex

  7. ACTTGCTTTCGACCCTAGGATTTTACTTCTTT Point mutation ACTTGCTTTCGACCCTTGGATTTTACTTCTTT ACTTGCTTTCGACCCTAGGATTTTACTTCTTT + GACCTTAGCATTAT Homologous recombination ACTTGCTTTCGACCTTAGCATTATACTTCTTT

  8. Branch swapping algorithm father daughter Node that will be transplanted

  9. Salmonella enterica

  10. Salmonella enterica

  11. ? ?

  12. Assignment to sheep vs chicken vs cow.

  13. ~21 complex 518

  14. 369 369 369 369 274 274 274 274 621 621 621 621 519 519 519 518 262 262 262 262 275 275 275 275 642 642 642 642 742 742 742 641 641 641 300 300 300 487 487 487 615 615 615 635 635 268 21 21 21 43 43 43 8 8 423 423 423 368 368 368 719 719 719 722 722 722 341 341 341 341 44 44 44 44 748 748 748 752 752 752 712 712 712 302 302 302 345 345 345 345 409 409 409 409 Chicken Ruminant