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MEA Enforcement

MEA Enforcement

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MEA Enforcement

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  1. MEA Enforcement Asia Pacific Region Ozone – Customs Officers Montreal Protocol – Chemical MEAs Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  2. At the Start • ODS licensing system • National customs handbooks • National Train-the-Trainer Workshops Customs • ODS part of the customs training curricula • ODS checking as part of inspection procedure • Checkpoints have access to a refrigerant identifier • Public awareness raising Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  3. Project Elements Project Elements • ODS customs focal point • 4+ coordination / cooperation workshops • Facilitate info / intelligence exchange among countries • Development practical ODS enforcement management tools • Desk study trans-boundary movements of ODS • Liaise with regional / international agencies Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  4. I Countries Project • Assign customs officer responsible ODS • Compile national information on the trans-boundary movement of ODS desk study • Identify issues, e.g. Fiji case study • Contribute ideas for regional strategies • Implement tools & strategies discussed at coordination workshops • Put in place / implement effective import/export licensing systems at national level Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  5. Regional/International Agencies I countries Project • RILO AP - WCO ROCB – Interpol • Participation in coordination workshops / each other’s meetings / workshops • Inclusion ODS issues in own work programme • MOU UNEP ROAP and RILO Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  6. countries Regional/International Partners b NGO Project • EIA • Participation in coordination workshops • Development training materials • Suggestions on addressing illegal trade • Input desk study, and assessment illegal trade • Regional Partner’s Forum on Combating Environmental Crime Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  7. Implementing Agency countries Regional/International Partners IA NGO Project • UNEP DTIE ROAP compliance assistance programme • Organise workshops • Follow-up implementation C&R between workshops • Find experts • Desk study • Cooperation with NGOs / international & regional organisations • Administrative management • Contribute information – ideas for regional strategies Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  8. countries Regional/International Partners Outputs Outputs NGO Project • Coordination Workshops • Implementation C & R • Experts • In depth knowledge • Support from experts between meetings • Improved contacts between countries • Raises global awareness issues DC – Asia region • Through reports and participation “outsiders” • By group initiative to bring them before the MOP • Raises the overall level of “weakest” participants Implementing Agency Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  9. countries Regional/International Partners Outputs Outputs NGO Project • Effective import/export licensing systems • Amendments / improvements licensing • HS codes - Information required • Info-stream between different national agencies • Better trained customs officers • Awareness other actors enforcement chain Implementing Agency Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  10. countries Regional/International Partners Outputs Outputs NGO Project • Info/Intelligence Exchange • E-forum for customs-ozone (SA-SEAP) • Information sheets licensing - authorised importers/exporters Voluntary Informal Prior Informed Consent • Exchanged info / intelligence on specific cases • Discussions between countries on specific cases • Teheran declaration - Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan Country initiatives: wider impact – more effective Implementing Agency Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  11. countries Regional/International Partners Out Outputs NGO Project • Desk Study Trans-boundary Movement of ODS in Region Compilation of national information on the trans-boundary movement of ODS • Idea of trends of illegal trade activities • Provides an opportunity to analyse the origin of discrepancies and take preventive measures • Increases cooperation on intelligence exchange Implementing Agency Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  12. countries Regional/International Partners N Lessons learned NGO Project Project implementation and participation • Follow-up C & R essential and labour intensive • One of the main pillars of the success of the project is the insistence on having the same officers attend all the workshops • Deeper understanding of the specific problems • Created a big capacity building of those officers • Allowed for a mutual search for solutions • Officers take a very active role Outputs IA Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  13. countries Regional/International Partners Lessons learned N Lessons learned NGO Project Interaction Other Agencies • Expertise, extend activities • Awareness raising within organisations (WCO, Interpol), puts environmental crime on agenda • Awareness raising works both ways • Environment needs to understand what organisations do • Organisations to become aware of environmental crime problem so that they include it in their work programme • Countries play role in putting environmental crime higher on agenda through increased use available tools Outputs IA Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  14. countries Regional/International Partners Lessons learned N Lessons learned NGO Project Scope From discussions with the countries, the need was expressed to broaden the scope of the regional cooperation • To include other MEAs • To raise awareness of the full enforcement chain, including prosecutors, judges, police, environmental inspectors, and investigators Outputs IA Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  15. countries Regional/International Partners Lessons learned N Lessons learned NGO Project Outreach • Not limited to national/regional implementation but also countries taking the initiative to bring certain problems to the meeting of the parties • Request by other regions to implement similar project (Latin America) • Other MEA secretariats show interest in being involved Outputs IA Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  16. Completed SA-SEAP Ozone-Customs Cooperation Project countries Regional/International Partners NGO Project Implementing Agency Outputs Lessons learned Future Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  17. Output: Project Sky-hole-patching • Aim of the Project • Establishing a monitoring and notification system • Keep track of the movement of suspicious shipments of ODS and dangerous waste when they are imported, re-exported or trans-shipped across several customs territories Regional/International Organisations RILO A/P BCRC MEA-Secretariat Countries: Customs Environment IA NGO Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  18. Output: Project Sky-hole-patching • 11th WCO Regional Conference of Heads of Administrations, Beijing, April 2006 • Action Plan • Monitoring system, • Notification system • Investigation and prosecution Regional/International Organisations RILO A/P BCRC MEA-Secretariat Countries: Customs Environment IA NGO Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  19. Output: Project Sky-hole-patching • Two Phases: • First 6 month phase focusing on ODS • A review meeting will be held after Phase I • Second phase will include hazardous waste Regional/International Organisations RILO A/P BCRC MEA-Secretariat Countries: Customs Environment IA NGO Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  20. MEA Regional Enforcement Networking Project Proposal Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  21. MEA Regional Enforcement Networking • In response to: • Discussions at the Beijing meeting April 2005 • MOP decision on preventing illegal trade in ODS (Dec XVII/16 etc) • MLF evaluation on customs training and licensing system projects (Dec XIV/7) • General “trend” at various fora such as UNEP green customs initiative, UNEP governing council Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  22. MEA Regional Enforcement Networking Aims at integration of the MEA work with regards to control of transboundary movements of those chemicals By integrating control strategies • Optimising the use of resources within the countries • Minimising the loss of political attention and capacity built for the MP Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  23. MEA Regional Enforcement Networking • Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) to be addressed • Montreal Protocol • Basel Convention • Rotterdam Convention • Stockholm Convention • SAICM - Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Common: chemicals and trade controls Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  24. MEA Regional Enforcement Networking Target group • Ozone, Customs as before, plus one ” national MEA Coordinator ” from each country in the SEAP and SA region Selection criteria participation national MEA Coordinator • Officer working on national implementation, policy development and enforcement of MEA or SAICM issues at the national level • From countries having ratified at least the Montreal Protocol and the Basel and Rotterdam Conventions Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  25. Expected Input From the 3 Officers • Responsible for reporting back to and from the meeting to colleagues at the national level • Follow-up recommendations in between meetings • Contribute ideas for regional strategies for monitoring and control of the hazardous chemicals To enable this Establishment of National task force for follow-up at the national level (agenda item at first meeting) Link SEAP MEA networking CHEMONET/SEAP Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  26. Proposed Project Set-up • Project steering group • MEA secretariats • 4 country representatives • UNEP • Donor • 3-day annual meetings back to back with CHEMONET/SEAP • 2 days focusing on the Montreal Protocol • 1 day focusing on the other MEAs Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  27. Short-term Outputs • National focal points in Environment & Customs • dissemination of information • implementing enforcement strategies at national level • Modalities for regional information exchange & informal networking • regular meetings • linking participants permanently by email / Internet • Development mechanism to handle seized goods • Develop/implement enforcement supportive tools Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06

  28. Long-term Outputs • Improve control over hazardous chemicals imports & trans-boundary movements in the region • Efficiently enforce control strategies • increased knowledge of smuggling methods • improved enforcement mechanisms • Obtain reliable data imports/ trans-boundary movements hazardous chemicals • Maintain capacity built on MP within national administrations • Maintain awareness ODS control after 2010 through integration in national hazardous chemicals policies Illegal Trade Symposium Nov06