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A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

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A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

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  1. A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e Chapter 14 Optimizing Windows

  2. Objectives • Learn about Windows utilities and tools you can use to solve problems with Windows • Learn how to optimize Windows to improve performance A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  3. Windows Utilities and Tools to Support the OS • Tools covered • Task Manager • System Configuration Utility (MSconfig) • Services console • Computer Management console • Microsoft Management Console (MMC) • Event Viewer • Reliability and Performance Monitor • Registry Editor A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  4. Task Manager • Taskmgr.exe displays applications and processes Figure 14-1 The Applications tab in Task Manager shows the status of active applications Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  5. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Accessing task manager • Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete • Right-click taskbar blank area • Press Ctrl+Shift+Esc • Vista Start Search box or XP Run dialog box • Enter taskmgr.exe • Applications tab • States: running or not responding • End task button at bottom of the window • Attempts a normal shutdown A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  6. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Processes tab • Lists system services and other processes, CPU time, and memory use • Identifies applications slowing down a system • Showing all processes running under current user • System, Local Service, and Network Service accounts • Cannot display dialog box on-screen or interact with user • Stopping a process • Click End Process • Recommendation: use Applications tab first A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  7. Figure 14-3 Processes running under the current user for a new Vista installation Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning Figure 14-4 Vista processes for all users Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  8. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Viewing running application processes • Select application listed on Applications tab • Right-click it and select Go To Process • End the process and all related processes • Right-click the process and select End Process Tree • Do not end Windows critical process • Process priority level • Determines position CPU resources queue • Use Task Manager to change priority level A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  9. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Services tab • Lists currently installed services with status Figure 14-7 This Services tab of Windows Vista Task Manager gives the current status of all installed services Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  10. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Performance tab • Identifies applications, processes using most CPU time Figure 14-8 The Performance tab window shows details about how system resources are being used Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  11. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Networking tab • Displays how heavily network being used by a computer Figure 14-9 Use the Networking tab of Task Manager to monitor network activity Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  12. Task Manager (cont’d.) • Users tab • Shows all users currently logged on • Log off user to improve performance Figure 14-10 Use Task Manager to log off a user A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  13. Quick #1 • 1. To end a process within task manager, click ____________________. • Answer: End Process  • 2. The ____________________ program allows a user to view the applications and processes running on a computer, as well as information about process and memory performance, network activity, and user activity. • Answer: Taskmgr.exe  • 3.Within Task Manager, the __________ tab provides details about how a program uses system resources. • Answer: Performance  • 4. True or False: The Windows XP Task Manager includes the Services tab. • Answer: False  • 5. True or False: To improve Windows performance, a PC technician can log off a user. • Answer: True A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  14. Figure 14-14 Use MSconfig to view and control services launched at startup. Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning System Configuration Utility (MSconfig) • Msconfig.exe • Temporary fix to disable program or service from loading A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  15. Services Console • Launching the services console • Vista Start Search box or XP Run dialog box • Enter Services.msc Figure 14-18 The Services window is used to manage Windows services Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  16. Services Console (cont’d.) • Selecting Properties • Provides more information about a service • Allows stopping or starting a service • Service startup types • Automatic (Delayed Start): starts shortly after startup, after the user logs on • Automatic: starts when Windows loads • Manual: starts as needed • Disabled: cannot be started • Useful when cleaning up a Windows system A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  17. Computer Management • Consolidates several Windows administrative tools • Use to manage local PC and other network computers • Administrator authority required • Viewing may allow lesser privileges • Accessing Computer Management in Vista • Enter compmgmt.msc in Vista Start Search box • Click Start, right-click Computer, and select Manage • Control Panel • Click System and Maintenance, click Administrative Tools, and double-click Computer Management A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  18. Figure 14-20 Windows Computer Management combines several administrative tools into a single easy-to-access window Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning Figure 14-21 Use the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window to change items on the Start menu Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  19. Microsoft Management Console (MMC) • Program file: mmc.exe • Windows utility to build customized console windows • Console is a single window containing one or more administrative tools • Snap-ins are individual tools in a console Figure 14-22 An empty console. Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  20. Event Viewer • Eventvwr.msc • Tool for troubleshooting problems with Windows, applications, and hardware • Also a Computer Management snap-in • Manages logs of events • Three most important views of logs • Application log • Security log • System log A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  21. Event Viewer (cont’d.) • Logs new to Windows Vista • Custom Views • The Setup log • The Forwarded Events • The Applications and Services Logs • The Subscriptions log • System log: most important log other than security • Records three error event types • Information, warning, and error events A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  22. Event Viewer (cont’d.) • Click log to view • Save time reviewing logs by using filters • To view most significant events when troubleshooting check Critical and Error under Event level • Avoid ballooning log file • Set size limit • Specify what happens when log reaches this limit • Event viewer is most useful in solving intermittent hardware problems A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  23. Reliability and Performance Monitor • Perfmon.msc (another MMC snap-in) • Collects, records, and displays events (i.e., Data Collector Sets) • Windows XP • Monitor called Performance Monitor or System Monitor • Starting the monitor • Use Administrative Tool applet in Control Panel • Open Computer Management Console • Enter perfmon.msc in Vista Start Search box or XP Run box A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  24. Reliability and Performance Monitor (cont’d.) • Contains three monitoring tools • Performance Monitor provides real-time view of Windows performance counters • Reliability Monitor provides historical data showing stability • Data Collector Sets utility collects data about the system • Viewing system diagnostics data as a report • Right-click System Diagnostics and select Latest Report from shortcut menu A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  25. The Registry Editor • Difficult problems might require editing or removal of a registry key • Registry organization • Registry • Database designed with a treelike structure (i.e., hierarchical database) • Contains configuration information for Windows, users, software applications, and installed hardware devices • Registry built in memory at startup • Windows uses current hardware configuration and information taken from files A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  26. The Registry Editor (cont’d.) • Registry organized into five treelike structures • Each segment called a key • Each key can have subkeys • Subkeys can have more subkeys and can be assigned one or more values • Data is organized in hive files • Different from organization in registry keys A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  27. Figure 14-36 The Windows registry is logically organized in an upside-down tree structure of keys, subkeys, and values Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning Figure 14-37 The relationship between registry subtrees (keys) and hives Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  28. The Registry Editor (cont’d.) • Five keys: • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) • HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC) • HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT (HKCR) • HKEY_USERS (HKU) • HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU) A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  29. The Registry Editor (cont’d.) • Before editing the registry • Back up registry • Use System Protection to create a restore point • Back up a single registry key just before editing the key • Make an extra copy of the C:\Windows\System32\config folder • For Windows XP, back up the system state • Back up and restore individual keys • Edit the registry with Registry Editor (regedit.exe) A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  30. Quick Quiz #2 • 1. True or False: MSconfig is a temporary fix to disable a program or service at startup. • Answer: True  • 2. To launch the Services console, type ____________________ in the Vista Start Search box. • Answer: services.msc  • 3. True or False: A snap-in is a single window that contains one or more administrative tools, such as Device Manager or Disk Management. • Answer: False  • 4. True or False: Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor collects, records, and displays events. • Answer: True  • 5. The ____________________ is a database designed with a hierarchical database that contains configuration information for Windows, users, software applications, and installed hardware devices. • Answer: registry A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  31. Improving Windows Performance • Assuming Windows is starting with no errors • Use 11 step-by-step procedures • Search for problems affecting performance • Clean up Windows startup process • Trouble starting windows • Address those errors first before addressing performance • See Chapters 15 and 16 A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  32. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 1: Perform routine maintenance • Verify critical Windows settings • Clean up and defrag hard drive • Check hard drive for errors • Disable and remove unwanted startup programs • Back up data • Step 2: Check if hardware support the OS • Vista Windows Experience Index • Vista Upgrade Advisor: checks compatibility • Run System Information Utility (msinfo32.exe) A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  33. Figure 14-41 Use the Windows Experience Index to get a snapshot of a computer’s performance and identify potential bottlenecks Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning Figure 14-43 The Performance monitor tracking CPU performance Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  34. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 3: Check for performance warnings • View warnings in Windows Experience Index window • Advanced tools • Clicking an issue • Displays dialog box describing the issue • Gives suggestions to resolve it • Investigate each issue one at a time • Tools to assist in troubleshooting are listed in Advanced Tools window A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  35. Figure 14-44 Vista provides these warnings and tools to improve Vista performance Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning Figure 14-45 Windows reports four issues that are affecting performance Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  36. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 4: Check the reliability monitor • Determine if a problem with hardware or software installation is affecting performance • Determine when time problem started Figure 14-48 Use Reliability Monitor to search for when a problem began Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  37. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 5: Disable the indexer for Windows search • May cause problems • Step 6: Disable the Vista Aero interface • Uses memory and computing power • May require memory or video card upgrade or leaving interface disabled • Step 7: Disable the Vista Sidebar • Might see slight performance improvement A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  38. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 8: Plug up any memory leaks • Use Reliability and Performance Monitor • Click down arrow on the Memory bar • Use Task Manager Processes tab • Click View and Select Columns • Verify Memory Private Working Set, Handles, and Threads columns are checked • Watch values over time for increases • Solving memory leak • Obtain update or patch from program manufacturer’s Web site A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  39. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 9: Consider disabling the Vista UAC box • Might slightly improve performance • Disabling not recommended • Step 10: Consider using Vista ReadyBoost • Flash drive or secure digital (SD) memory card used to boost hard drive performance • Acts as a buffer to speed up access time • Best for hard drive less than 7200 RPM • Windows automatically tests device qualifications • 256 MB to 4 GB, 256 MB free space, 2 MB/sec of throughput A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  40. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 11: Clean windows startup • Verify startup programs kept to a minimum • Check startup folders in Windows XP • Check Software Explorer in Windows Vista • Cleaning Windows startup • Use Safe Mode and MSconfig to find out more about the problem • Disable or uninstall programs causing problems A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  41. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 11: Clean windows startup (cont’d.) • Observe performance in Safe Mode • Improvement indicates nonessential program issue • Time a normal startup and a Safe Mode boot • Significant difference: reduce Windows startup to essentials • No improvement indicates problem with hardware device, critical driver, or Windows component A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  42. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 11: Clean Windows startup (cont’d.) • Use MSconfig to find startup program affecting performance • Recommended strategy: half-again search • Disable or uninstall background processes and startup programs • Permanently manage a service • Use services console or Windows component responsible for the service • Investigate service with good search engine • Reboot and test A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  43. Figure 14-60 Strategy to identify the program(s) causing the problem Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  44. Improving Windows Performance (cont’d.) • Step 11: Clean Windows Startup (cont’d.) • Check for unwanted scheduled tasks • Verify Task Scheduler contents • Review details of all scheduled tasks • Look for hidden tasks • Disable suspect tasks, test, and delete as necessary A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  45. How To Manually Remove Software • Manually uninstall • Programs refusing to uninstall or giving errors when uninstalling • Use as a last resort • Try program’s uninstall routine • Manually delete program’s files • Manually delete registry entries • Remove program from All Programs menu • Restart PC and watch for errors • Fix orphaned entry (as necessary) A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  46. How To Manually Remove Software (cont’d.) • Keys causing an entry to run only once at startup • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServiceOnce • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServicesOnce • HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  47. How To Manually Remove Software (cont’d.) • Group Policy keys affecting startup • HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\Run • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer\Run • DLL programs key • Normal: do not delete unless positive • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ShellServiceObjectDelayLoad A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  48. How To Manually Remove Software (cont’d.) • Keys applying to all users and hold legitimate startup entries • Do not delete unless you suspect it to be bad • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run • HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows • HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows\Run • HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  49. How To Manually Remove Software (cont’d.) • Entries pertaining to background services • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunService • HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServices • Key containing value named BootExecute • Normally set to autochk • Causes system to run a type of Chkdsk program • HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager • Several others cause various problems at startup A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e

  50. Monitor the Startup Process • Third-party tools monitoring startup changes • WinPatrol by BillP Studios (free) • Runs in background • Monitors registry changes, startup processes, IE settings, and system files • Antivirus software Figure 14-72 WinPatrol by BillP Studios alerts you when the startup process is about to be altered Courtesy: Course Technology/Cengage Learning A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e