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LEARN HOW TO LEARN. THE GOAL OF TUTORING. Learn how to lean. What is learning? What is learning style? What is learning orientation? Can we teach learning?. Learning Orientation. A preference for the sequencing of material by which an individual learn well.
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LEARN HOW TO LEARN THE GOAL OF TUTORING
Learn how to lean What is learning?What is learning style?What is learning orientation? Can we teach learning?
Learning Orientation • A preference for the sequencing of material by which an individual learn well. • A preference for planning and managing the learning flow.
Learning Styles and Learning Orientations Conation How we act Personality and Learning Orientations Multiple Intelligences Cognition Affection How we think How we feel Learning Styles
Primary Learning Styles • Visual- Learn through seeing • Auditory • - Learn through listening • Kinesthetic • - Learn through doing, moving and touching
Multiple Intelligences Verbal/Linguistic Musical/Rhythmic Logical/Mathematical Bodily/Kinesthetic Visual/Spatial Interpersonal/social
Learning Domains • Conation/Affective and Cognitive Domain ( intentions to learn, causal beliefs about learning, and learning enjoyment)
Learning Effort Domain • Learning Effort Domain(degree of planning, strategizing and using different cognitive efforts to learn) Adopted by Dr. Martinez (2000), Training Place http://www.trainingplace.com/loq/loq.htm (par. 3 and 4)
Transforming Learners prefer loosely structured, flexible mentoring environments that promote challenging goals, discovery, strategies, problem solving, and self-managed learning. Performing Learnersprefer semi-structured environments that stimulate personal value and provide details, tasks, processes, and creative interaction (hands-on) not exploration and great effort. Adopted by Dr. Martinez (2000), Training Place http://www.trainingplace.com/loq/loq.htm (par. 3 and 4)
Conforming Learnersprefer simple, safe, low-learner control, structured environments that help learners achieve comfortable, low-risk learning goals in a linear fashion. Resistant learners lacka fundamental belief that (1) achieving learning objectives set by others is of any value or worth the effort, (2) they can learn and enjoy achieving goals set by others, or (3) academic learning and achievement can help them achieve personal goals or initiate desired changes. A resistant learner's personal goals strongly conflict with learning goals set by others. Adopted by Dr. Martinez (2000), Training Place http://www.trainingplace.com/loq/loq.htm
Development of Tutor’s Competences • Entry stage – the tutor may be able to identify student needs at basic level • Adoption – the tutor moves from struggle to comfort with basic tutoring • Adaptation – the tutor moves beyond basic skills and become productive (number of students is doubled) • Appropriation stage – the tutor works fearlessly with different students and uses all resources masterfully (the quality of service is superior) • Invention stage – the tutor is able to create entirely new learning environment with the help of technologies (role model, the socialization process)
General Methods to approach different learning styles and learning orientations • Collaboration with all departments • Cooperative Learning • Learning with Technologies • Authentic project-based learning
Learning Styles References Felder, R. M., & Soloman, B. A. (n.d). Learning Styles and Strategies. Retrieved from http://www.clevelandcommunitycollege.edu Gardner, H. (1999). Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21stCentury. New York, NY: Basic Books. Grammatis, Y. (1998). Learning Styles. Adapted from Colin R. (1987). Accelerated Learning. Retrieved from http://www.chaminade.org/INSPIRE/learnstl.htm Haynes, J. (n.d.). Teach to students' learning styles. Everything ESL.net. Retrieved from http://www.everythingesl.net/inservices/learningstyle.php Lazear, D. G. (2003). Higher-Order Thinking the Multiple Intelligences Way. Chicago, IL: Zephyr Press. Learning styles explained.(n.d.) LdPride.net. Retrieved from http://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm Parvez, S.M., & Blank, G. D. (2007). A pedagogical framework to integrate learning style into intelligent tutoring systems. Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, 22(3), 183-189. Retrieved from http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm