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The Geography of Latin America PowerPoint Presentation
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The Geography of Latin America

The Geography of Latin America

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The Geography of Latin America

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  1. The Geography of Latin America Adapted from: Ms. Susan M. Pojer

  2. RegionsofLatinAmerica The Caribbean Central America South America

  3. BodiesofWater Gulf of Mexico Caribbean Sea Lake Maracaibo Orinoco R. . Amazon R. Pacific Ocean Lake Titicaca Rio de La Plata Atlantic Ocean

  4. Rio Grande

  5. MountainsandPeaks Sierra Madres Mts. Guiana Highlands Brazilian Highlands Andes Mts. Patagonian Plateau

  6. Andes Mountains-4400 miles long, up to 300 miles wide

  7. The Sierra Madres, Mexico

  8. The Sierra Madres, Mexico

  9. Mountains extend down through Central America

  10. Patagonian Region

  11. Patagonian Region

  12. ValleysPlainsandBasins Llanos Amazon Basin Mato Grosso Gran Chaco Pampas

  13. Amazon Rain Forest

  14. Amazon Rain Forest

  15. On the Ground Floor of the Rain Forest

  16. Three-Tiered Vegetation

  17. Jungle Fauna

  18. Cattle Ranching on the Pampas

  19. Deserts Atacama Desert

  20. Atacama Desert

  21. Other features Panama Canal Falkland Islands Cape Horn

  22. The Panama Canal

  23. The Falkland Islands or Islas Malvinas

  24. Cape Horn

  25. Earthquake Zones

  26. 12/23/72 Earthquake hits Managua, Nicaragua 5,000 dead, 250,000 homeless out of 2.6 million in the country Contributed to eventual overthrow of Somoza

  27. Hurricanes Hurricanes 2010 1998 Hurricane Mitch: 20,000 dead, $5 billion

  28. The Tropical Hemisphere

  29. Latin American Climatic Zones

  30. Elevation

  31. Vertical Climate Zones

  32. Deforestation in the Amazon

  33. Original Forest Cover Current Forest Cover Future Forest Cover

  34. Latin America’s Population Distribution

  35. Population and Projections

  36. What would have caused this rapid increase post-1950?

  37. LatAm birth rates have been falling dramatically since 1970 • 1960-1965: 6.0 births per woman • 2000-2005: 2.9 births per woman • http://www.indexmundi.com/map.aspx?v=Birth+rate(births%2f1%2c000+population)

  38. Cities Havana Port-au-Prince Mexico City Caracas Panama City Bogota Lima Rio De Janeiro Sao Paulo Santiago Buenos Aires

  39. Largest cities—growing urbanization • Mexico City (Mexico) 22.7 million (1 in 5) • Sao Paulo (Brazil) 20. 5 million (1 in 10) • Buenos Aires(Argentina) 13 million (1 in 3) • Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 12 million • Bogotá  (Colombia) 8.6 million (1 in 5) • Lima  (Peru) 8.5 million (1 in 3) • Santiago(Chile ) 7 million (1 in 2.5)

  40. LatAm Urban Population 1950 40% 2010 80%

  41. Sao Paolo, Brazil

  42. Overcrowding in Sao Paolo, Brazil

  43. Squatter Settlementsin Major Latin American Cities

  44. Sierra Madres Mts. Gulf of Mexico Havanna Port-au-Prince Mexico City Caribbean Sea Lake Maracaibo Caracas Orinoco R. Panama City Panama Canal Llanos Bogota Guiana Highlands Magdalena R. Amazon R. Pacific Ocean Amazon Basin Sao Francisco R. Mato Grosso Andes Mts. Lima Brazilian Highlands Brasilia Gran Chaco Parana R. Lake Titicaca Rio De Janiero Uruguay R. Atacama Desert Pampas Santiago Rio de La Plata Buenos Aires Patagonian Plateau Falkland Islands Atlantic Ocean Cape Horn