Inter-country Workshop on Management of Herbal Net Digital Repository Bangkok, Thailand, 14-15 June 2011 By Dr.(Ms) D. G. Srikanthi Bandaranaike Memorial Ayurvedic Research Institute of Sri Lanka
Country Report Collected Publications and updating of Collaborating Institutes in Sri Lanka
General introduction Sri Lanka is a small and an attractive island in the Indian Ocean with a land area of approximately 62,705 square kilometers. The Island extents to a maximum length of 435 kilometers and a width of 225 kilometers. The population of Sri Lanka is about 21 million. Sri Lanka’s census in 2001 showed that the Sinhalese represented 82%, of the population,Sri Lanka moor 7.9%, Indian Tamils 5.1%, Sri Lanka Tamils 4.3%, Burghers 0.2% Malays 0.3% and others 0.2%. The majority of the population in Sri Lanka is Buddhist (70%) the other three main religions are Hinduism (15%) Christians (8%) and Islam (7%)
Sri Lankan traditional medicine Sri Lanka has its own indigenous system of traditional medicine. (Ayurveda) This system has been practiced for many centuries in the Island nation of Sri lanka. The Sri Lankan Ayurvedic tradition is a mixture of the ancient Sinhala traditional medicine. Ayurveda and Siddha systems are of Indian origin, while Unani medicine has come from Greece through the Arabs. But most importantly, the DesheeyaChikitsa is the indigenous medicine in Sri Lanka.
History of Traditional Medicine Sri Lanka developed its own Ayurvedic system based on a series of prescriptions handed down from generation to generation over a period of 3000 years. The ancient kings, many of whom were also prominent physicians, sustained its survival and longevity. King Buddhadasa (398AD), the most influential of those physicians, wrote the SararthaSangrahaya, a comprehensive manuscript which Sri Lankan physicians use even today for reference. Ancient inscriptions on rock surfaces reveal that organized medical services have existed within the country for centuries. In fact, Sri Lanka claims to be the first country in the world to have established dedicated hospitals. The Sri Lankan mountain Mihintale still has the ruins of what many believe to be the first hospital in the world. Old hospital sites now attract tourists who marvel at the beautiful ruins. These places have come to symbolize a traditional sense of healing and cure, which was a prevalent at that time.
Distribution of Government Ayurvedic/Traditional Institutes of Sri Lanka *Free Ayurvedic Dispensaries set up in rural areas
Present organizational structure of the BMARI • Literary Research Division • 2. Drug Research Division (with following sub division) • • Botany Section • • Standarzation Section • • Drug Production Section • 3. Clinical Research Division
1. Literary Research Division The activities of this division are mainly focused on carrying out literary surveys of suitable formulas and information needed for research work. The main resources of the division are the collection of ola-leaf manuscripts, old Ayurveda text books and hand written manuscripts. 2. Drug research Division Botany Section Research activities carried out by this division are as follows: • Identification and authentication of plants • Cultivation and post-harvest techniques of medicinal plants • Botanical and chemical studies on controversial medicinal plants used in Ayurveda and traditional medicine • Pharmacognostic studies on raw materials and adulterants • Conservation of endemic medicinal plants Drug Standardization Division The main activities of this division include the testing of the drugs used in BMARI by standardized quality control techniques. 3. Clinical Research Division This section carries out human clinical trials relevant to the major and minor ailments in society. It is mainly focused on the traditional system.
Objectives: • 1) To help develop the health system of the member countries • 2) To take concerted effort in solving the common health problems of the countries • 3) To give an impetus to the development of traditional systems of medicine • 4) To find the ways and means of supporting the researches of traditional medicine of the member countries • The proposed fields identified for collaborative research: • Collection of information in basic traditional medical systems of the member • counties • 2) Compilation of a report based on the above information • 3) Determination of suitable research areas in traditional systems of medicine in member countries
The proposed research activities: • 1) The collection of traditional formulations • Documentation of knowledge pertaining to plants/plant products and other • raw materials used for safe keeping of oral knowledge • 3) Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) covering Traditional knowledge, recipes and medicinal plants • 4) Research components such as clinical trials, safety and efficacy of drugs, ethical issues, toxicology studies and standardization • 5) Exchange of the knowledge of traditional system of medicine • 6) Exchange and facilitation of the modern technology among the BIMSTEC counties • 7) Finding the possibility of establishing a common research fund for the BIMSTEC countries • 8) Development of link programs viz: training programs, research programmes etc.
Publications by the Department of Ayurveda of Sri Lanka • Ayurvedic Health Care ,Dr. AriyadasaKumarasinghe – 1981 • • Ayurveda Sameekshawa Volume I- 1-12 Parts, Volume II- 1-4 Parts • • Ayurvedic Pharmacopeias Volume I – III • • ThalpathaePilium Volume 1-21 • • Compendium of medicinal plants a Sri Lanka study Volume I - II (2001) • • Sri Lankan DeshiyaChikithsaSangrahaya First Part, Dr. AriyadasaKumarasinghe – 1984 • • OsuthuruVisithuru Volume 1- 4 • • DoshadathuMalawingana, Dr. D.M.R.BDissanayake • • PadarthaVinganaya, Dr. D.M.R.BDissanayake • • DravyaMuladarma, Dr. H.I.Chandrasena • • Ayurveda ChikithsaMuladarma, Dr. I.G.A.Jayathilake • • Panchanidhana • • ShariraVinganaya, Dr. KarunadasaJagodaarachchi • • KumaraushadaMalawa, Dr. A.JPerera (1980) • • Yogarathnakaraya (Sinhala translation) • • JwaraNidanaya • • Sarasanshepaya (Sinhala translation) • • CharakaSanhithawa (Sinhala translation) • • ShushruthaSanhithawa (Sinhala translation) • • MadhawaNidhanaya (Sinhala translation) • • BhawaPrakashaya • • ThalpathaOsuMahima Volume 1-3
Publications by the BMARI • AyuViduKalasa 1-3 • Samarpana 1-10 • DravyaGunaVingana First Part, Dr. William Alvis • Osu Pala SahaAthBeheth (Medicine of usage plants), Dr. D.W.J.Senaratne Publications of the National Institute of Traditional Medicine • Mehewara Magazine • Medicines of Usage Publications of the institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo • Samhitha (monthly paper)