Download
cs 180 problem solving and object oriented programming fall 2011 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
CS 180 Problem Solving and Object Oriented Programming Fall 2011 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
CS 180 Problem Solving and Object Oriented Programming Fall 2011

CS 180 Problem Solving and Object Oriented Programming Fall 2011

135 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

CS 180 Problem Solving and Object Oriented Programming Fall 2011

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. CS 180 Problem Solving and Object Oriented Programming Fall 2011 http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/apm/courses/CS180Fall2011/ Notes for Week 1: August 22-26, 2011 Revised: August 24, 2011 Aditya Mathur Department of Computer Science Purdue University West Lafayette, IN, USA

  2. About CS 180 CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  3. Course Web Site and Other Resources Course Web site: http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/apm/courses/CS180Fall2011/ Java Resources: http://download.oracle.com/javase/1.4.2/docs/api/ http://download.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/ Technical Q&A via: www.piazza.com Register youriClickerat Blackboard by following the link “Register your iClicker” CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  4. Please note…. Classes will begin at 3:30pm and end at 4:20pm. Please try to be in your seat a few minutes before the class begins and leave after the class ends. All students are encouraged to ask questions. You may interrupt the instructor at any time. The instructor is here to help you learn. Make full use of the instructor. Make full use of the instructor’s and GTAs office hours. I want you to succeed in this class and in your major. I will do all I can to help you succeed; this is my primary responsibility as a professor at Purdue. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  5. More “Please notes”…. College of Science has a Feast with Faculty program. I will be available to have dinner with CS 180 students every Wednesday at 6pm in Ford Dining Court, in the room on the second floor. Please join me when you have the time and we can discuss CS 180, Computer Science, Purdue, etc. Sign-up sheets will be passed in recitation sections week-by-week. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  6. Assumptions You have little or no expertise in computer programming using Java. You are hard working. You will not sleep during classes, an if you do, you will not snore! You will not use phones during class and turn them off when you enter the class and leave them off until the class is adjourned. You will not disturb others by talking to your neighbors. You will try to participate in the class by asking questions and responding to questions asked by the instructor. You will use iClickers in the class when requested. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  7. Impact of Assumptions Some of you may get bored during the first four weeks of classes, but others may find appealing the slow pace. For those with some Java experience, we recommend participating in the programming competition. Refer to the course web site for details. Please buy an iClicker. You should skip the class if you need to discuss important matters with your friends. But skipping a class is not a good idea! So maybe you might consider rescheduling the important matters with your friend. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  8. Expectations: Academic Honesty Unless specified otherwise, all labs, projects, and exams are to be completed by you without assistance from anyone else other than the course instructor and the graders. Read the Policies page on the course web site. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  9. Expectations: Attendance You will attend all lectures, labs, and recitations. Attendance is not mandatory but highly recommended. If you miss a lecture, lab or recitation then it is your responsibility to (a) learn on your own the material covered (b) find out if there were any announcements that might affect your course grade. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  10. Textbook Title A Gentle Introduction to Concurrent Programming. Authors Barry Wittman, Aditya Mathur, and Tim Korb Edition Custom. Draft 4.0, 2011, Pearson Education Avaialble at Bookstores Additional resource Java Tutorials on the Web iClickers You may buy an iClicker from one of several local bookstores. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  11. Grading Component Weight (%) Exam 1 10 Mon 10/3 08:00pm - 10:00pm Exam 2: 15 Wed 11/09 08:00pm - 10:00pmLab exercises [14] 15 Homework [10] 5 Project 1 [Individual] 3 Project 2 [Individual] 4 Project 3 [Individual] 5 Project 4 [Team of 3] 8 Project 5 [Team of 3] 10 Final Exam 25 TOTAL 100 Relative grading (curved). CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  12. Exams You will be allowed to consult one book of your choice during the exams. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  13. Want some challenge? Programming competition exclusively for CS 180 students. For details visit: http://www.cs.purdue.edu/homes/apm/courses/CS180Fall2011/ ProgrammingCompetition.html CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  14. Feedback • Weekly feedback: anonymous via iClickers • Tell us about the lectures, labs, recitations • How are we doing? • Weekly feedback: open • Tell us in an open forum what needs to improve. • Constructive criticism of the class is highly appreciated. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  15. Suggestions from students in Fall 2010 There appeared to be major disconnects between lecture and labs. I will try my best to ensure that this does not happen again. There were also issues with grading projects. We will ensure that project grading is standardized across projects/sections. I feel that the lab content needs to be better prepared ahead of time. All 14 labs and 5 project have been prepared during summer. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  16. Suggestions from students in Fall 2010… I wish he was better at explaining complicated topics. Again, I will try my best to explain complex topics in clear terms. Extra classes and my presence in recitation section might also help. Give students more time on the projects. Will do but please make sure you start working on the project soon after it is assigned. Possibly give more assignments that are graded. Yep! We have added homework to recitations. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  17. Suggestions from students in Fall 2010… It would be nice if students knew ahead of time that most of their classmates have had programming experience Yes. But this class is for students with no programming experience, those with a lot of experience have already tested out of CS 180. Make sure that the projectors work properly.Will do. The labs and projects seemed to be way too difficult for a beginner class.I hope you will have a different opinion this time, except for Project 5! CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  18. Suggestions from students in Fall 2010… Make projects more difficult Cannot do that, as this a beginning class. but one project (Project 5) is quite challenging. Some of the directions on projects were unclearIt would be much better this time. There is only one thing that I want in this course to change and that is focusing little more on basics.Sure! Will do. I wish Aditya would use a higher visibility laser pointer... Let us try this one! CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  19. Suggestions from students in Fall 2010… Aditya has an fairly strong accent. There's no getting around that fact, however he was still very understandable due to his engaging personality and was still easily the best lecturer I had this semester and one of the best overall. Please please please…Interrupt me when you cannot understand me! CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  20. Week 1: August 22-26, 2011 What is Computer Science? CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  21. Computer Science... …started in the 60’s. Purdue claims to have the first CS department in the USA….Stanford started CS a few years later… …Grew out of Mathematics….primarily numerical computing, or Electrical Engineering.. …since inception it has evolved into a new kind of engineering discipline that, like other engineering, pervades nearly all fields of human activity.. …students learn both hardware and software [Purdue is an exception where students learn CS only in the College of Science, but we are trying to change this by attempting to offer CS as an option to engineering students]… CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  22. Computer Sciencedepartment(s)... …are at nearly all major universities and colleges …are mostly in Engineering colleges (MIT, Berkeley, Stanford, Princeton, Michigan, Illinois, etc.) and offer students opportunities to interact with other engineering and science disciplines…. …at Purdue is in the College of Science that denies students opportunities available to students at top schools where engineering, science, and liberal arts students are able to learn Computer Science in the environment of heir choice… CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  23. Computer Science... …is an engineering discipline just as Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering,… …educates and trains students to work as software engineers, information security specialists, systems engineers,…. …deals with software that drives a large number of devices and systems that we use in our day to day lives,… …consists of subfields such as algorithms, artificial intelligence, computational science and engineering, databases, graphics and visualization, information retrieval, information security, machine learning, modeling and simulation, networking, programming languages and compilers, software engineering,… CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  24. Computer Scientists... …develop software that drives consumer devices such as smart phones, TVs, stereo systems,… …develop software systems that control and manage aircrafts, automobiles, health care networks, power grids, intelligent transportation systems,… …develop systems software such as compilers, operating systems, databases, and search engines on which are built a myriad of other user applications,…. …work alongside engineers to develop software that drives devices such as smart phones or more complex systems such as aircrafts,… CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  25. Week 1: August 22-26, 2011 Readings And Learning Outcomes CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  26. Readings and Exercises from the textbook:Week 1 Your are expected to know well different number systems. If you are not sure how much and how well you know this subject, please read through Chapter 1. In addition, read: Chapter 2: 2.1, 2.2 and Solve: 2.3, 2.4, 2.7, 2.11, 2.14, 2.26 CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  27. Learning Outcome-1 Through a sequence of well defined steps you will be able to map a problem statement presented in natural language to a computer program written in the Java programming language. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  28. Learning Outcome-2 You will learn the basics of computer programming that will aid you in learning programming languages other than Java. Some of these other languages include C#, Python, C, and C++. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  29. Learning Outcome-3 You will learn the differences between sequential and concurrent solutions to given problem. This will allow you to write concurrent programs that exploit the power of multi-core microprocessors. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  30. Learning Outcome-4 You will learn about Computer Science as a discipline. This will help you decide whether or not Computer Science is for you! CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  31. Learning Outcome-5 You will learn how to use DrJava to edit, compile, debug, and execute Java programs. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  32. Learning Outcome-6 You will learn how to program Finch robots using Java. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  33. Learning Outcome-7 You will learn the basics of how to program Android-based smart phones using Java. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  34. Learning Opportunities in CS 180 Lectures: Basic concepts and techniques Labs: Practice solving simple problems on the computer; use robots and smart phone in addition to desktops. Recitations: Practice solving simple problems by hand; lots of discussion and participation; work in small teams. Projects: Solve more complex problems; design, implement, test, document. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  35. Learning in CS 180: Prerequisite Desire to learn and the ability to work hard. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  36. Learning in CS 180 Practice, practice and practice You will write programs that do not compile at first And when they compile they do not run as expected And when they run as expected, you scream Yippee! So do not be discouraged by errors, these are a part of life’s challenges; overcome them! We are here to help you. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  37. Week 1: Lecture 2August 22-26, 2011 Problem Solving and OO Programming CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  38. iClicker check Q: I am (a) A CS major (b) Not a CS major CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  39. iClicker check Q2: Assuming that 1: I know very little and 10 I consider myself to be pretty good in programming using Java, I rate my proficiency in Java programming as (a) 8-10 (b) 5-7 (c) 2-4 (d) 1 CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  40. What is “problem solving?” “Problem solving” refers to a set of activities performed in order to solve a given problem. This is a generic term and applies to all disciplines, not only to Computer Science. Sequence of steps for solving a problem as proposed by George Polya in the 1950’s : • Understand the problem • Devise a plan [Design] • Execute the plan [Code,Test etc] • Review solution CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  41. What is OO programming? OO, or Object Oriented, programming refers to a set of activities that lead to a computer program, written in an object-oriented language, that when executed on a computer will solve a problem. Java is an OO language used in CS 180. Other OO languages include C++, C#, Delphi, Modula, Oberon, Objective C, Simula, Smalltalk, and many more! CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  42. What is Problem solving and OO programming? Problem solving and OO programming refers to a set of activities that allow the mapping of a problem to a computer program, written in an object-oriented language, that when executed on a computer will solves the problem. • Understand the problem Design a solution using objects • Implement the design in • An OO language Test, debug, and correct the program CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  43. What is a multi-core microprocessor? A multi-core microprocessor is a microprocessor chip that contains two or more cores. Each core is capable of executing its own sequence of instructions. A dual-core microprocessor contains 2-cores. A quad-core microprocessor contains 4-cores, and so on. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  44. What is a parallel computer? A computer capable of executing two or more programs in parallel is often referred to as a parallel computer. A computer containing a multi-core microprocessor is a parallel computer. A computer containing two or more single-core microprocessors is also a parallel computer. Nearly every desktop and laptop today is a parallel computer containing a multi-core microprocessor. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  45. What is a sequential program? A sequential program is one that is executed by a computer in a strict sequence, one instruction at a time. Thus, every instruction in the program is executed strictly in the specified sequence. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  46. What is a concurrent program? A concurrent program is one that contains instructions that may be executed in parallel, or concurrently, by a parallel computer. A concurrent program written in Java contains two or more threads. Each thread may be executed concurrently on a parallel computer. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  47. Example 1: Problem solving • Problem: • Find the maximum in a given set of N integers. • Step 1: Understand the problem • We know what is a set, an integer and what does “maximum” mean. • Can N be zero? Can N be negative? We assume that N>0. • Suppose the given set is: {4, -5, 29, 4}. N=4. • The maximum in this set is 29. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  48. Example 1: Problem solving: Sequential program Pictorial representation of a sequential algorithm: Sequential computation Input: Given set S Find the maximum m=max(S) Output: max integer in S m CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  49. Example 1: Sequential program • Step 2: Design a sequential solution • Let S denote the given set. • Let S.next() denote the next element from the set. S.next() is empty if we have examined all elements of S. • Let currentMax=S.next(); • Scan each element of S until we have scanned all. The following two steps are performed for each element in S starting from the second. • Let newElement=S.next(); • If currentMax<newElementthen reset currentMax to newElement; • Display currentMax, it is the desired maximum. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1

  50. Example 1: Sequential program • Step 3: Implement the design as a well documented program in an OO language • We will write a Java program later in this course. • Step 4: Test, debug, and correct the program • We will do this after we have written the program. CS 180. Fall 2011. Week 1