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Spivey for Beginners

Spivey for Beginners

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Spivey for Beginners

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  1. Spivey for Beginners Instructor: Kimberly Marts Literacy AA Mensendick Grades 4-8

  2. Main Sentence Trunk • Simple sentence which includes a noun and verb. • Equation: Noun + Verb. =MST • Example: The dogjumped. The manslept.

  3. Creating Lists of Nouns and Verbs • Nouns are words that are people, places, and things Ex. dog, cat, school, pencil • On your graphic organizer, I am setting the timer-list as many nouns as you can in 3 minutes • Verbs are Words that represent and action you can do. Ex. jump, sing, run, walk • On your graphic organizer, I am setting the time-list as many verbs as you can in 3 minutes.

  4. Activity #1: Making Nouns and Verbs More Specific • Taking general nouns and verbs and increasing the Word Choice by making them more unique or specific. Nouns: • Dog-poodle, Doberman, Labrador Retriever • Man- businessman, baseball player, couch potato Verbs: • Jump-leap, lunge, bound • slept-napped, snoozed, slumbered Activity: On your graphic organizer-you have 5 minutes to revise your nouns and verbs to stronger more powerful words by using the thesaurus (if needed) to build word choice and voice in your kids writing.

  5. Activity #1: Making Nouns and Verbs More Specific Nouns Verbs • Dog-Doberman • Man-couch potato • Jump-leap • Slept-snoozed

  6. Activity: Human Sentence-MST • In pairs, the groups will use sentence strips to create human sentences that include the specific noun and strong verb. (Cooperative Learning) • The group will go to the front of the room and act out their sentence while the class reads along, using hand signals. (Engagement) Clap hands over head= capital Punch in front= punctuation (period) **This can and should be used for all sentence types in class to increase motivation and engagement, by doing you promote better memory than just seeing**

  7. Checking Readability of Writing • Go into Review Tab • Select Spelling and Grammar • Options (at bottom) • Check Box-show Readability and press ok • After you type in your sentence on a word document, select Spelling and Grammar, OK • Your grade level score will come up. Ex. O=K and scores goes up from there by year • As you add to your sentences or create chunks, you will add to the word document to show how the score increases by adding stronger nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, various sentences, and expanders.

  8. Adding Adjectives and Adverbs (Descriptive Words to increase Word Choice and Voice) Adjectives are words that describe a noun to make it more visual and produce imagery • The viciousDoberman • The lazycouch potato Adverbs are words that enhance the verb and very often tell how the action happens. -aggressivelyjumped -sluggishlysnoozed

  9. Activity: Add Adverbs and Adjectives to your Graphic Organizer Nouns (adjectives) Verbs (adverbs) • Vicious dog (Doberman) • The lazy man (couch potato) • Aggressively jumped (lunged) • Sluggishlyslept (snoozed)

  10. Action Expander Sentences • Add expander phrases that tell when, where, why, how, and condition to you descriptive MST • Pass out sentence tree to glue in notebook • Equation:MST (N + V) + 2-3 expanders. Example: During the show (when), the mysteriousmagicianslyly (how)pulled a rabbit out of his hat on stage (where).

  11. Foldable Expander Activity • Fold you paper in half the long way 3 times • Open it up and write your name in the top box • In order, going down the page, label specific noun, verb, how, when, where, why • Create a model for the class up on the board with chart paper. • Paired Model Activity- Model and Guided practice are done at the same time in sub steps

  12. Several Action Expander (Chunking) • Taking the sentence you created, make it the first sentence of your paragraph. • Continue the story to create a chunk no longer than 10 sentences using the topic from our sentence. • Make sure it includes a variety of sentence lengths and beginnings (focus on sentence fluency)

  13. Several Action Expander During the Night, the sneaky shark quickly swam to catch his next victim. Swoosh! His fin flapped back and forth like a revolving door at Bloomindales. His eyes turned jet black. As the ocean grew darker, the shark’s smell of his prey grew stronger. CHOMP! His victim was caught in the dead of the night, now with one less leg. Fluency: Number of Words in each Sentence: Beginning words in each Sentence: #1 _______ #1 _______ #2 _______ #2 _______ #3 _______ #3 _______ #4 _______ #4 _______ #5 _______ #5 _______ #6 _______ #6 _______ #7 _______ #7 _______

  14. Surround the Noun • A sentence that uses description in order to make a noun more visual and to promote imagery. • Equation: Adjective + noun + with/that adjective phrase+ verb phrase. (adv) The fluffy bunny with a white, bushy tail hopped along the meadow peacefully.

  15. Activity: Magazine Picture Round Robin • Using different magazine pictures, puppets, or objects around the room, the students describe the object by surrounding the noun with and adjective and with/that descriptive phrase. • Rotating around the stations or passing the object, students will create surround the noun sentences on their graphic organizers. (Increases Engagement)

  16. Surround the Noun Chunk • Taking the sentence you created, make it the first sentence of your paragraph. • Continue the story to create a chunk no longer than 10 sentences using the topic form our sentence. • Make sure it includes a variety of sentence lengths and beginnings (focus on sentence fluency)

  17. Surround the Noun (Chunking) The magnificent magician with a sparkly magic wand slyly put the rabbit into his top hat. Tapping his wand on the brim, the crowd sat in awe. He tipped the hat over. Poof! The rabbit had disappeared into thin air. The crowd went wild. Suddenly, he tapped the brim two more times. Tap! Tap! In an instant, the rabbit popped its head out of the top of the hat, making the crowd go wild. His illuminating magic show turned out to a complete success. Fluency: Number of Words in each Sentence: Beginning words in each Sentence: #1 _______ #1 _______ #2 _______ #2 _______ #3 _______ #3 _______ #4 _______ #4 _______ #5 _______ #5 _______ #6 _______ #6 _______ #7 _______ #7 _______ #8 _______ #8 _______ #9 _______ #9_______ #10 _______ #10 _______

  18. Renamer/Appositive Sentence • The noun is renamed with a synonym (noun that relates or means the same thing) • The renamer can be a role, job, name, definition, function, personality description • Equation: Noun , renamer phrase, verb phrase. (adj/adv) Example: The fantasticprofessor, a knowledgeableresource, assisted the teachers in planning their lessons confidently.

  19. Activity: Renamer Organizer • Model roles, jobs, functions, and personality descriptions of yourself on your page one at a time. • After each type, have the students do their own for each type. • Model your sentence for each type on the back. • Have the students create a sentence for each type on the back of the page. • Lower grade teachers, you can focus on a type at a time to avoid overwhelming you students and modify the worksheet. (provided examples for both graphic organizers for you)

  20. Renamer (Appositive) Sentence Chunk • Taking the sentence you created, make it the first sentence of your paragraph. • Continue the story to create a chunk no longer than 10 sentences using the topic form your sentence. • Make sure it includes a variety of sentence lengths and beginnings (focus on sentence fluency)

  21. Renamer (Appositive) Chunk Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president, fought endlessly to pass a law to free the slaves. He believed that they should be emancipated from their owners. He tried preserved the union. Ulysses S. Grant was assisting in his efforts to take over the border slave states. Through many battles, Ulysses S. Grant succeeded and Lincoln finally achieved what he wanted all along. In the end, the 13th amendment was passed, freeing the slaves. He gave the Gettysburg Address. He was assassinated in 1865. Fluency: Number of Words in each Sentence: Beginning words in each Sentence: #1 _______ #1 _______ #2 _______ #2 _______ #3 _______ #3 _______ #4 _______ #4 _______ #5 _______ #5 _______ #6 _______ #6 _______ #7 _______ #7 _______

  22. 3 Action Sentence • Shows 3 sequenced verbs (actions) that the noun is doing • All verbs are related • All verbs are the same tense • Variety of phrase length • Equation: Noun + verb phrase, verb phrase, and verb phrase. (adv) Example: The majesticclownblew up balloons, shaped them into animals, and dazzled the crowd amazingly.

  23. Activity: Flip Book • Take 4 pieces of paper and scaffold them to show about an inch of the paper below it and fold over the top to form 8 flaps. • Place two staples at the top on the left and right side. • Label the flaps from top to bottom : • 3 Action Sentence • noun(specific) • verb #1 • phrase #1, • verb #2 • phrase #2, • and verb #3 • phrase #3. • On the back, write the completed sentence and draw a comic strip of the 3 actions the noun is doing.

  24. 3 Action Sentence Chunk • Taking the sentence you created, make it the first sentence of your paragraph. • Continue the story to create a chunk no longer than 10 sentences about the topic form your sentence. • Make sure it includes a variety of sentence lengths and beginnings (focus on sentence fluency)

  25. 3 Action Sentence Chunk Corky Kyle created havoc wherever he went, messed up everything, and never cleaned up after himself. This annoyed everyone. Until one day, his mom decided to teach him a lesson. She took all the mess from the house and dumped it in his room. She even put the dirty dishes, laundry and garbage in his room. When he went to bed, he had nowhere to sleep. He had to clean up everything until he could get to his bed. He learned his lesson. He never made a mess again. Fluency: Number of Words in each Sentence: Beginning words in each Sentence: #1 _______ #1 _______ #2 _______ #2 _______ #3 _______ #3 _______ #4 _______ #4 _______ #5 _______ #5 _______ #6 _______ #6 _______ #7 _______ #7 _______ #8 _______ #8 _______ #9 _______ #9 _______