Making A Connection:Dental Health and Disease Adapted from: C. Nathe, Dental Public Health: Contemporary Practice of the Dental Hygienist, 2nd Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall 2005.
Introduction • Dental Hygiene and the Medical Sciences • Prevention of Diseases • The Mouth As the Mirror of the Body • Making the Connection…
History of Our Relationships • Dentistry • Dental Hygiene • Dr. Alfred Fones goes one step further.
Hippocrates: Infections of dental origin may be accompanied by serious systemic symptoms. U.S. Surgeon General 2000: Change perceptions regarding oral health and ideas so that oral health becomes an accepted component of general health. History of Dental Disease and General Health
Dr. Alfred Fones and the Dental Hygiene Movement • It is no longer a theory that the service of the dental hygienist will improve the mouth health and general health of all whom she is permitted to serve.
Dental Hygiene’s Acceptance • Hundreds of millions of dollars in public and private funds are expended to restore the sick to health, but only a relatively small portion of this amount is spent to maintain the health of well people even though it is definitely known that the most common physical defects and illnesses are preventable. (1916 – Dr. Alfred Fones)
Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General • Oral diseases affect health and well-being. • Safe and effective measures exist to prevent the most common diseases.
Surgeon General’s Report • Lifestyle behaviors • Oral health disparities • More information is needed.
Surgeon General’s Report • The mouth reflects general health and well-being.
Surgeon General’s Report • Oral disease and conditions are associated with other health problems. • Scientific research is the key.
Prevention: The Proven Effective Intervention • Dental hygiene at an early age – before birth • Early Head Start and Head Start Programs • Dental hygiene integrations
Infections of the Oral Cavity • Dental caries and periodontal diseases
Immune Response to Dental Infection • Immune System responds to dental infections as it would to other body infections.
Inflammatory Response • Inflammatory response to a typical gum infection
Pregnancy Outcomes • Patients with periodontal disease have an increased risk of preterm births.
Pregnancy Outcomes • Periodontal disease in the mother increases the risk of low-birth-weight babies.
Cardiovascular Diseases and Dental Diseases • Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases
Strokes and Oral Infections • Relationship between strokes and oral infections
Arthritis and Oral Infections • Arthritis and its relationship
Oral Infections and Respiratory Diseases • Oral transmission of infections
Cancer and Oral Infections • Interrelationships
Infective Endocarditis • Oral infection • Premedication
HIV Infection • Oral Manifestations • Candidiasis • Kaposi’s Sarcoma • White Hairy Leukoplakia
HIV Infection • Periodontal Disease • Dental Cleaning Research
Other Relationships • Sgogren’s Syndrome • Xerostomia
Medication Interaction • Oral Manifestations
Summary • Dental Hygiene and the Medical Sciences • Prevention of Diseases • The Mouth As the Mirror of the Body • Making the Connection