Why are forests important? • They create oxygen • Natural habitat of various types of animals • It effects the water cycle • Important source of raw material • It provides timber products like paper and furniture • It provides non-timber products like medicines or herbs
Water cycle and forest • The rainforest mainly adds water to the atmosphere in their process of transpiration. • The absorbed water will be released over the rainforests again. • With the clearing of the forest we get less moisture which is released to the atmosphere and it can cause droughts.
Sustainableforestry • Itis a systemwherethosetreesthatarecut down arereplacedwith seedlings that eventually grow into mature trees. • The forest is a working environment and producing wood. • Wood is used in the industry. • e.g: They are making furniture • from it. • Great care is taken to ensure the safety of wildlife and to preserve the natural environment. • A typical sustainable forest will contain trees of all ages and often different species of trees.
In addition • Forests can provide jobs to people. • It can be a good place for hikers and walkers as well.
Sustainable tourism in forests In Hungary Hortobágy National Park • Opportunities: • Free exhibitions • Playgroundmadeofrecycledmaterials • Guides touringaroundthe park • Horseridingperformances • Takingpart in handcraftactivities • The mostimportantthingisthatyouare not allowedto: • Bothertheanimals • Throwawayyourlitter
Some countries wherechangeshavestarted • Australia:Ithas 2 millionhektarsofnewtreeplantationssince 2008. • Austria:Theyhavea speciallawtoprotectforestsforinstance in mountainregions. • Brazil: Ithas a plan tocutthedeforestationby 80%. • China:Thevillagerscollectbranchesoftreesinsteadofcutting down thewholetreesforfirewood.
Situation in Africa In Africa they cut down trees and they don´t plant new ones. Sometimes they burn an area down to use it for a field. Theyusethesoiluntilthemineralcontainofitget lost anditwon‘tbeabletouseitagain.
How can we find out about sustainable forestry? The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was founded in 1992 in response to public concern about deforestation and demand for a trustworthy wood-labeling scheme. There are national working groups in 28 countries. Its purpose is to improve forest management and to teach the society how they can maintain their forest and preserve balance between the environment and people. An example for some wood labels that prove sustainability in the production of the wood and the furniture is FSC. It is an independent, non-governmental, not-for-profit organization.
The concept of sustainable forest management in Europe also embodies forest protection, reforestation and afforestation and degradation. • The area of forests under sustainable management has further increased in the European region by almost 13 million hectares since 1992, reflecting the effectiveness of policies and practices for sustainable forest management.
Real or plastic Christmas tree? Real Christmas tree
http://www.forestry.gov.uk/fr/INFD-6XPFTC • http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/susenv1.html • http://www.outdoor-sport-leisure.net/images/hiking.jpg • http://www.sustainabletourismonline.com/International-Year-of-Forests-2011.aspx • http://www.hnp.hu/78-874.php