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Chapter 41

Chapter 41. II. ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY. II. ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY. A. Agriculture. Agriculture Most of the people of the region are involved in agriculture. A. Agriculture.

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Chapter 41

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  2. II. ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY A. Agriculture

  3. Agriculture Most of the people of the region are involved in agriculture

  4. A. Agriculture Thailand, March 2002: Rice paddies cover much of Northern Thailand, where the farmers are often too poor to consume their own product of Jasmine Rice, which the government exports to wealthy nations In humid-tropical and humid-subtropical climates – rice is the principal food crop

  5. A. Agriculture Rice is grown in water-covered fields called paddies

  6. A. Agriculture The rice paddies produce most of the region’s food

  7. A. Agriculture Export crops include rubber, tea, coffee, coconuts, sugarcane, and various spices

  8. A. Agriculture In humid-continental and steppe climates, wheat is the main food crop

  9. A. Agriculture Deserts and high-plateau areas - flocks of sheep and other animals are raised

  10. B. Fishing

  11. Aquaculture is an important economic activity B. Fishing

  12. Seafood is commercially farmed in protected bays and river mouths B. Fishing

  13. B. Fishing Local food supply depends upon freshwater fish

  14. B. Fishing Several Asian nations have huge fishing fleets

  15. C. Forests

  16. C. Forests Forest resources are divided into two types

  17. Middle-latitude forests Tropical forests C. Forests

  18. Tropical rain forests of Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, and the Philippines have been depleted by logging C. Forests

  19. D. Mineral and energy resources

  20. D. Mineral and energy resources Some of the most abundant mineral resources are tin, tungsten, coal, and iron ore

  21. D. Mineral and energy resources More than half of the world’s tin is found in the region

  22. The region has more than 1/3rd of the world’s supply of tungsten D. Mineral and energy resources

  23. Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia are major producers and exporters of oil D. Mineral and energy resources

  24. Japan and China are the region’s major economic powers E. Industrialization

  25. Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs) - characterized by rapid economic growth – China, Taiwan, Singapore, South Korea, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia E. Industrialization

  26. Other nations - Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Mongolia— have poorly developed economies E. Industrialization

  27. E. Industrialization Rapid industrialization has a great effect in the region

  28. There has been large-scale migration of people from rural areas to cities E. Industrialization

  29. Problems created include: growth of shantytowns (slums) sewage problems traffic congestion E. Industrialization

  30. Industrialization has led to severe industrial pollution of rivers, air, and coast-lines E. Industrialization

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