t voiceless sound • The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge. • Produce it without moving your voice box.
Rule • Whenever this sound comes in the beginning of the word, it gets aspirated.
Tongue • Touch • Tip • Together • Torch • Attach • paint
He takes the bus to work everyday. • He is tall and has dark hair. • Turn left. Walk three blocks. • It’s taking a long time. • The package weighs two pounds. • The soup tastes salty. • He always studied hard before a test. • Did you use to travel a lot for work.
d voiced sound • Produce from the same place as t sound by moving voice box.
Doctor • Doll • Dance • Division • Deep • Bad • blade
I don’t understand. • She’s making dinner. • We don’t own a car. • Someone is at the door. • I drink coffee every morning. • Would you like some tea? • You could meet for lunch or dinner. • Doctors study for many years.
s voiceless sound • The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge, similarly as t and d sounds. • Produce it without moving your voice box.
Soft • Set • Social • Society • Sing • Assume • miss
Doctors study for many years. • I always eat cereals for breakfast. • School starts at 8:00 and finishes at 3:00. • It sometimes rains here in the summer. • The soup tastes salty. • Bicyclists must obey all traffic lights in the city. • You are a student, aren’t you?
z voiced sound • Produce from the same place as s sound by moving voice box.
Zone • Zip • Zebra • Zeal • Rise • Froze • rose
Be careful! The floor is wet. • It was raining. • I have a car, and so does she. • This town is too small. • Every one knows each other. • He works more quickly than she does. • My office is as big as his office. • When you visit a national park, you can go fishing.
sh (ʃ) voiceless sound • The front part of the tongue touches the back side of the alveolar ridge and front part of the hard palate. • Produce it without moving voice box.
Ship • Shoulder • Sharp • Show • Fresh • Smash • crash
She seems angry. • Sure. You can use my computer. • Can I have coffee with milk and sugar. • Where should we go for dinner? • You have got to finish today. • We’ve got to send out the invitations today. • He works more quickly than she does.
Z (ʒ) voiced sound • Produce from the same place as sh sound by moving voice box.
Measure • Vision • Treasure • Visual • Leisure • pleasure
It was a pleasure to go to Asia. • His vision was to find treasure. • The invasion created division among the people. • There was a collision and an explosion. • While the student did some revision for his exam, he watched television. • It was a happy occasion. • I saw how he measured the erosion on the television show.
k voiceless sound • The back part of the tongue touches the velum or soft palate. • Produce without moving voice box.
Rule • When it comes in the beginning of the word, it gets aspirated.
Car • Keep • Kite • Kangroo • Call • Speak • tackle
The club meets in the library every Friday. • They want a new car. • We belong to the soccer club. • My mother often cooks for us. • The cafeteria food is usually bad. • Stop the car. • In order to finish my Christmas shopping early, I started in November.
g voiced sound • Produce from the same place as k sound by moving voice box.
Group • Game • Goal • Gun • Gum • Mango • mug
My grades are improving this semester. • Computers are getting cheaper all the time. • The garden was beautiful last year. • I will be able to see better after I get new glasses. • I forgot to go to her party. • Keep up the good work.
ch (tʃ) voiceless sound • The middle part of the tongue touches the back of the alveolar ridge and front of the hard palate. • Produce without moving voice box.
Chicken • Chinese • Chocolate • Chips • Chin • French • bench
I’m looking for a cheap car. • They’ll probably win the championship. • I ate too much pizza. • I bought a lot of potato chips. • You could meet for lunch or dinner. • We have few sandwiches. • There are so many choices in this menu. • He is a champion.
J (dʒ) voiced sound • Produce from the same place as ch sound by moving voice box.
Jar • Jungle • Jump • Job • Gem • Bandage • budget
They have a large house. • Just put it on my desk. • You ought to look for a new job. • There is some juice in the refrigerator. • Just don’t drop the jar. • She earned an average wage. • She is coming in June. • Put this jug on the table.
m nasal sound • Lips are pressed together, but the air escapes through nose.
Mango • Man • Mouth • More • Mountain • Name • game
Come to my office, please. • He called five minutes ago. • I’ll move in the summer. • Would you please look over my report? • Will you help me for a minute? • I have to hurry. I’m going to be late! • May I have this pen. • She might come tomorrow.
n nasal sound • The front part of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge, but air escapes through nose.
Noun • Needle • Nose • Neck • Nurse • Jane • main