“Marine Corps Issue” David McLean
Allusion • A reference to a literary work, a famous person, place or event. • Allusions help readers identify when/where the story takes place and makes the plot more realistic. • Examples – Apocalypse Now, a movie about the Vietnam War • James Dean, famous actor from 1950’s
Characterization • Types of characters: • Round vs. Flat • Static vs. Dynamic • Round: a well-developed character with many personality traits • Flat: characters with simple description, often only one or two unique traits. • Static: a character who remains the same through a story • Dynamic: a character who changes or learns a lesson throughout a story
Flashback • A conversation, episode, or event that occurred before the beginning of the story. • Helps to give reader information to understand a character’s current situation • Johnny looks back at his first memory of his father
Paradox • A statement that seems to contradict itself, but is really true. • Johnny’s mom “laughed an unhumorous laugh” (McLean 624) • How can a laugh be unhumourous? What does that show us about the situation?
Point of View (Review) Points of view: • First-person: character in the story; “I” • Third-person: narrator not in the story • Third-person omniscient: all-knowing narrator sees into the minds of all characters • Third-person limited: narrator tells what only one character thinks, feels, and observes.