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U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft PowerPoint Presentation
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U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft

U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft

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U.S. Foreign Policy Roosevelt & Taft

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  1. U.S. Foreign PolicyRoosevelt & Taft Unit 2 – US History

  2. US Foreign Policy • “All future wars will be conflicts for commerce” Beveridge, US Senator, 1900 • Commercial expansion a priority • Sending troops to defend markets if necessary • policy of self-interest

  3. Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy • Negotiate Peacefully, but threaten the use of military intervention • Example: Panama Canal • Tried to negotiate an agreement with Columbia (Hay Herran Treaty) • Columbia refused, so US supported a rebellion by Panama • The Canal was built

  4. What would the benefits of a canal be?

  5. Purpose of the Panama Canal • Economic • Reduce travel time to ship goods and save millions of dollars • Money (fees) from use of Canal • Military • Shortened distance to move ships from Atlantic to Pacific

  6. Roosevelt Corollaryto Monroe Doctrine • U.S. had right to act as “police force” in the Western Hemisphere to maintain stability or stop wrong-doing • Example: Dominican Republic – US seized custom houses and custom fees, to pay back German debt and avoid Germany from sending troops to DR

  7. Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy • Substituting Dollars for bullets • Attempt to gain friends and allies in Latin America • Example: Latin America • American bankers lent money to Central American countries • US Government encouraged investment in Latin American mines, banana, coffee, RR • Loans damaged economies in LA • US used power to protect Am. Investors from loan defaults and unfriendly governments

  8. China Open Door PolicyRoosevelt & Taft • Ended Spheres of Influence in China • Stated All European Nations and the United States could trade with China

  9. War with Philippines • Filipino rebels had expected independence after Spanish-American War • US Reasons to Imperialize: naval base, natural resources, racial superiority • Emilio Aguinaldo waged guerilla war against US from 1902-1906 • US won war, but later granted Filipino independence in 1942

  10. Balance of PowerRoosevelt • Insure no one country gains too much power in Asia Example: Russo Japanese War • Roosevelt negotiated a peace agreement to keep Japan or Russia from having too much power

  11. Roosevelt’s Gentleman’s Agreement • Reason: Racial Superiority • US would end segregation of Japanese-American’s in San Francisco Schools • Japan had to “voluntarily” reduce immigration to US • Great White Fleet • Sent around the world with a “special” Stop in Japan. Why?____________