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Composites - overview PowerPoint Presentation
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Composites - overview

Composites - overview

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Composites - overview

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  1. Composites - overview Artificial combination of matrix phase & dispersed phase Matrix: metal, alloy ceramic mat'l polymer Dispersed phase: particulate fiber

  2. Works like precipitation hardening Composites - metal matrix composites (MMCs) Particulates: ThO2-dispersed Ni (TD Ni) sintered Al powder (SAP) - except strengthening maintained at hi T Improves: strength creep resistance hi T corrosion resistance

  3. Matrix mat'ls Composites - metal matrix composites (MMCs) Fibers: Conts - C, SiC, B, Al2O3 Disconts - C, Al2O3 , SiC whiskers May get rxn betwn phases at hi T

  4. Matrix Composites - ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) Particulates, fibers: SiC, B, Al2O3 , C, SiC & Si3N4 whiskers Improve fracture toughness: slow crack growth deflect crack tips redistribute stresses around crack tips bridge crack tips

  5. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Fibers: mainly - glass (GFRPs), carbon (CFRPs), aramid, others - B, SiC, Al2O3

  6. Composites Fibers - variables amount fiber length distribution orientation Fiber orientation can be random aligned intermediate

  7. Crystal whiskers - SiC

  8. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Fibers: mainly - glass (GFRPs), carbon (CFRPs), aramid, others - B, SiC, Al2O3

  9. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Fibers: mainly - glass (GFRPs), carbon (CFRPs), aramid, others - B, SiC, Al2O3

  10. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Fibers: mainly - glass (GFRPs), carbon (CFRPs), aramid, others - B, SiC, Al2O3

  11. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Fibers: mainly - glass (GFRPs), carbon (CFRPs), aramid, others - B, SiC, Al2O3

  12. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Fibers: mainly - glass (GFRPs), carbon (CFRPs), aramid, others - B, SiC, Al2O3

  13. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Carbon fibers frequently used as woven fabrics impregnated with an epoxy

  14. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs)

  15. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Woven carbon fiber fabrics in auto industry - 2006 BMW M6 - roof (unpainted) 'vette Z06 - front fenders, wheel wells, floor Porsche Carrera GT ($440,000) - frame Scion accessories - gear shift knob ($49), fuel-filler door ($39), roof pillar appliqués ($75-189), etc.

  16. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Matrix

  17. Composites - polymer matrix composites (PMCs) Very common - polyesters, vinyl esters

  18. Composites Role of matrix in FR composites: a. transfer stresses betwn fibers b. provide barrier to environment c. protect fibers Matrix/fiber bond: matrix must wet fiber physical & chemical bond desirable mechanical interlocking Fibers frequently coated w/ coupling agent

  19. non-coupled coupled Composites

  20. Composites Fibers - variables amount fiber length distribution orientation

  21. Composites Fibers - variables amount fiber length distribution orientation Fiber orientation can be random aligned intermediate

  22. Composites

  23. Composites