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INTERNET 101

INTERNET 101

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INTERNET 101

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  1. INTERNET 101 Presented by the Adult and Teen Services Department Of the North Canton Public Library

  2. Welcome! • In this class you will become familiar with the basic elements of using the Internet. • You will learn how to use the keyboard to search the Internet. • You will learn how to connect to the Internet, find appropriate information and how to view the information once you find it.

  3. Handouts • How to Evaluate a Web Site. • Review of Web Browser. • Glossary of Terms and Acronyms. • These handouts are yours to take home. They will provide you with much useful information and answer many of your questions

  4. Some Useful Terms: • Browser: Software that allows you to access the Internet, such as Netscape or Explorer. • Home Page: Starting page on your browser. • Links: Allow you to go to related information on other sites. • Search Engine: Program which helps users find information on the Internet, such as Google. • Server: Computer system which stores the information provided by a site. • URL: Uniform Resource Locator. This is the address for the web site indicating where it can be found on the Internet.

  5. First we will look at the hardware you will use to explore the Internet.

  6. This is a standard keyboard.Your laptop keyboard will be arranged a little differently, but will have the same functions available. Delete Backspace Number Lock Number Pad Control Arrows Alt

  7. There just a few special things about the keyboard when viewing the Internet: • You can use the number pad to enter numbers. Remember that the number lock button must be pressed first or the computer will not know you are trying to use the number pad. • The backspace key can be used to delete from right to left one character at a time. • The delete key will delete from left to right. • Pressing the “Control”+”Alt”+“Delete” will open the “Task Manager” from which you can end a program, restart, or shut down altogether.

  8. This is a typical mouse. Scroll Left click Right click

  9. The mouse controls an arrow on your screen. When you move the mouse the arrow moves in the same direction.

  10. You will use the left button most frequently. Press it to select choices. If you are instructed to “click” on something, press the left button once. If you press it twice quickly, you are “double-clicking.”The right button will open special lists of options. Right click on different parts of the screen and in different programs to see different options.

  11. Title Bar Minimize Restore Close Title of Document

  12. The title bar tells you the name of the web page you are currently viewing.It also has three useful buttons.Minimize: Sends your window to the task bar so you can work in another window. Restore: Makes your window smaller or large again.Close: Closes your window, but offers to save the work first.

  13. File Menu Open new document Open saved document Shows how page will look when printed

  14. The file menu offers you options on a drop-down menu. Most of the options are available as icons on the toolbar as well.

  15. Open a new document to work on. You would not lose any other document already open. Open a document saved previously. Save and Save As allow you to save your work to the computer’s hard drive or to a removable storage disk (floppy or CD). From the file menu you can …

  16. Use Print Preview to see a picture of what your document will look like before you print it. Use this to see how many pages the web site you are viewing contains. Print is where to go when you are ready to print your work. You can chose to print only certain pages and print multiple copies from here. You can also…

  17. Edit Menu Removes text Leaves text in place Erases text Highlights all text in document.

  18. The Edit menu has some functions useful when viewing the Internet.

  19. Copy allows you to take information from a web page and paste it into a document you have begun. Just highlight the section and click the word “Copy.” It will be on your clipboard until you paste it in another location. Paste is how you place copied information onto another document. Position your cursor where you want the new information to be placed, then click “Paste.” The last item on your clipboard will be inserted. Such as…

  20. Select All will highlight everything on a page should you want to copy a lot of information. Find will search a page for words you select and display them highlighted so you can find them easily. And…

  21. View Click to select. Click again to deselect.

  22. The View menu gives you options to control what you see on your screen.

  23. A toolbar is a strip of buttons with icons to help you do different things. If you move your cursor to the word “Toolbars” you will see a list of toolbars available and you can click the ones you want to be displayed along the top of your screen. Click again to hide them. The Explorer bar is similar. It has helpful functions for you, but you can chose which ones you want to see on your screen. Pick and choose the same as with regular toolbars. Toolbars

  24. Stop will stop loading a web page you were attempting to view. This is useful if you have changed your mind or if it is taking too long to open. Refresh will reload the web page you are viewing. If new information has been posted you will see it without having to leave and return to the site. More View options…

  25. Go To is a quick way to return to pages you visited recently. This will show you a list and you can click on the name of the page you want revisit. It also has a fast link to your homepage. Text Size lets you change how big the words on your screen are displayed. Just click a size and the page changes instantly. Other options

  26. Favorites

  27. Favorites is how you save web pages permanently. If the information is especially useful to you, you can add the page to your favorites and be able to return to it quickly anytime.It is like putting a bookmark on the Internet.

  28. While visiting a page you want to bookmark, click “Add to Favorites.” A box will open and you can choose to put the page into a folder with similar pages or have it on the list singly.

  29. If you click on “Organize Favorites” you can move the links into folders or arrange them as you want them.You can remove them from your list as well.

  30. If the links are not in folders they are alphabetically listed. Just find the page you want to revisit and click on it. It will open without having to enter the address.

  31. For the Internet, the Tools menu is little used.

  32. Except for the “Internet Options” function.The “General” tab has some options you should know about.

  33. Internet Options Set your homepage Clear temporary files Clear the list of sites visited.

  34. You can change your Homepage here. Your homepage is the first page displayed when you launch your browser. You can make any web page your homepage. While viewing a web page, open Internet Options and press the “Use Current” button. Many web sites have this option available on their main page too.

  35. Temporary Files are copies of pages you visit. When you return to those pages, the computer might be able to access the site faster based on the information it gathered on the prior visit.You have the option to remove those files. Just click the “Delete Files” button. This helps prevent others from finding out which pages you have visited.

  36. The History section of this tab controls how long links to pages you have visited are kept. You can change the number of days those lists are kept or delete the list. This also helps prevent others from learning which sites you have visited.

  37. Help Menu Search the help index. Email your question.

  38. Help is where to look when you have a question about how something works or how to do something.You can browse an index for useful terms and information or send an email with a specific question for help from a technician.

  39. Those are the options on the Menu Bar. Now we will look at the Standard Toolbar. You will notice that most of the functions we learned can also be done by pressing a button instead of selecting from a menu.

  40. Navigation Buttons Stop the browser while it is searching for a page. Reload the page. Return to your homepage. Return to previous page. Come back again.

  41. Back This button will return you to the last web page you viewed. You can back up however many pages you have already viewed. You cannot return to a page you have not visited. When this button is gray, you cannot go farther back. Forward This button will move you ahead one page at a time if you used the back button. You cannot move ahead to a page you have not already visited this session. If the button is gray, you cannot move forward. Navigation buttons help control which page you view.

  42. Stop This button stops a page that is trying to open for you to view. If the page is opening too slowly or you changed your mind about viewing it, press the big “X” to stop. Refresh This button will reload the page you are viewing. It is like opening it again without leaving the page. This will show any up-dates to the information displayed on the screen. Home will return you quickly to your homepage.

  43. The Favorites button will display your list of saved links to websites. Just click on one to go to that page.

  44. Address Bar Type the URL or your search terms here.

  45. Directly below the navigation buttons is the address bar.This is where you type the address of the website you would like to view or the terms for which you would like to search.

  46. Remember to type your web address carefully. The computer matches what you type. If you make an error or leave spaces, the computer will not know where to go.“\”, “_”, “-” and “@” are all important parts of an address.

  47. FYI:.com = commercial site.org = organization’s site.gov = government site.edu = educational institution’s site.

  48. We will now look at scrolling. Scrolling is how you move your field of vision around a page. Often the information on a web page is larger than your screen. Scrolling up or down will move you to other parts of the page.

  49. Scrolling Click and hold bar and slide mouse up or down. Click arrows.

  50. To scroll, you can click on the arrows at the top or bottom.Or you can place your cursor over the scroll bar, press the left mouse button without letting go, and move the whole mouse towards you or away from you.Sometimes, if the page is wider than your screen, a scroll bar might be along the bottom edge.