Synopsis • Language Disorders: Why do You Need Speech Therapist • Does Your Child have a Language and Speech Delay: Speech Therapy Can Help You? • Importance of speech therapy for children • How To Identify If A Child Needs Speech Therapy • Effectiveness Of Speech Therapy • Speech Therapist and Speech Disorders
Language Disorders: Why do You Need Speech Therapist • What Is Speech Therapy? • Speech therapy is something when a certified speech-language practitioner known as a speech-language pathologist works with a child or adult who is having difficulty in communication such as speech difficulties, written language problem, voice disorders, language issues, swallowing, spoken and shuttering. The speech-language pathologist help to identify the problem of the patient, evaluate it, and provide immediate treatment for it. Specifically, in education communication disorders, there are two most important things in which are needed to be focus, what you as a caregiver or parent can do and how the therapist can help, this is what we do first in our assessment and treatment. • Importance of Speech Therapy • Speech therapy is a kind of issue that if not addressed in a timely manner, the problems with communication can have a lifelong effect. If your child is getting older with communication difficulties, it will be more difficult for him to be successful in school and make friends. If the problem left untreated, in adulthood there can be many after effects which can be both professional and social. The Adults with communication disorder always find themselves struggling in their personal life and work life. This is why early intervention is key to get cured at any age.
Does Your Child have a Language and Speech Delay: Speech Therapy Can Help You? • The speech-language pathologists can help treat: • Expressive language problems: Issues with speaking such as (expressing) language. • Receptive language problems: Issues understanding such as (receiving) language. • Pragmatic language problems: issues using the language in socially suitable ways. The speech-language pathologists use tailored strategies for every child to accomplish specific challenge, these strategies might include: • Linguistic intervention activities: These activities have the ability to build skills in many ways, which includes providing kids’ feedback and modeling. The speech therapist may use books and pictures or play-based therapy. The therapist may introduce language drills in order to practice skills. • Articulation therapy: In this therapy, the speech-language pathologist models the sounds the kid is facing difficulty with. This may involve the demonstration of how to move the tongue in a way that it creates specific sounds. • Feeding and swallowing therapy: In this therapy, the speech-language pathologist explains the child those exercises which help in strengthening the muscles of the mouth. This includes various lip, tongue, facial massage, and jaw-related exercises. The therapist may also use some food textures to boost awareness in the child while, eating and swallowing.
Importance of speech therapy for children • Helps the Child to Enunciate • Problems with enunciation occur due to muscle in coordination or due to cleft palate problems. Speech therapy is an impactful way to help the child acquire the skills needed to produce the words clearly and correctly. With some sessions of speech therapy, the child will have no trouble producing words and sounds. They will easily be understood by others. • Gives the Child A Way to Communicate • Children who reach the age of three, and have not yet developed their communication skills might require some external help. Speech therapy is the way to go about and help these kids find their voice. • Helps the Child with Language • Speech therapy is not just limited to helping the child correct their speech; it also helps with their language. Most people have this misconception that all speech therapy focuses on is related to speech. When in reality, it centers more than that. The child’s comprehension, grammar, sequencing and many more skills are taught and developed. • Helps the Child with Developing Social Skills • In our society and community, you cannot go far if you lack in social skills. In order to live and survive in this world, we need to interact with the rest of our kind. These skills are essential to be developed from an early age.
How To Identify If A Child Needs Speech Therapy • Your Child Is Not Socially Interactive • When babies are of 3 months or so, they respond to you by smiling or by making coo-ing sounds. By the time they turn 2, they are able to figure out when you ask them “more juice” or “get your shoes”. At this stage, they have the capability to understand you and respond back to you. However, if your child shows no such signs of receptiveness, you should consider the possibilities of speech therapy for your child. • Sounds Or Words Are Notably Reduced • Once your baby turns 1, he or she should have the ability to make out the words you speak. by the time the baby turns two, he or she should have a vocabulary of around 50 words. During this time, if you sense your child is speaking hardly any words or is not at all talking, its time to take your child for speech therapy. • You Are Not Able To Comprehend What Your Child Says • Now that your baby is somewhere between the age of 18 to 24 months, you should have no difficulty understanding what your child is saying. However, if you are not able to make out what your child is saying, it may be a sign that your child requires speech therapy.
How To Identify If A Child Needs Speech Therapy • Your 2 Year Old Is Not Able To Put Together Two Words • There is no hard and fast rule that by the time your baby turns 18 months old, he or she should have the ability to connect two words together. Some babies are not able to develop this ability till they turn 2 or two and a half years old. However, if your child has turned 3 and is still not able to speak words like “mama milk” or “my ball” “daddy play,” you might want to consult a speech therapist for speech therapy. • You Sense Your Child Is Having Difficulty Saying Words Or Making Sounds • If you feel that your two-year-old child is having difficulty saying words that have easy consonants such as “ma” or “pa,” or if your child has reached the age of three and is unable to make harder sounds of the alphabets ‘K’ or ‘G’, there is a high possibility you child has speech difficulties and may need speech therapy.
Effectiveness Of Speech Therapy • Improving speech muscle coordination • Speech therapy is an excellent way to help improve the coordination of your speech muscles. Through various coordination and strengthening exercises, speech therapy becomes effective for the non-verbal. • Improving Communication between body and brain • Our body is indeed a remarkable and astounding piece of work. The wirings of our brains are what gives the message to our body to perform a task. For an autistic or non-verbal person, speech therapy is effective in improving the communication gap between brain and the body. With the help of auditory and visual aids used in speech therapy, an autistic or non-verbal individual will be able to see a marked difference in themselves. • Improving eloquence • Another effective way speech therapy helps an autistic or non-verbal individual is by improving their fluency in eloquence. The therapy requires you to do some breathing exercises as a way to help improve your articulateness.
Effectiveness Of Speech Therapy • Enhances language learning • With the help of positive reinforcements integrated into speech therapy, the autistic or non-verbal individual gets motivated to improve their language skills. • Improving communication • An autistic or non-verbal individual will have difficulty in verbally communicating with others. Speech therapy allows the individual to find another way of communication. This can be through communication devices, signing or even gestures. • Improving ability to express oneself • An autistic or non-verbal person has to face the hurdles of communicating their feelings, ideas, and thoughts to others. This can be quite a major obstacle that is difficult for the person to deal all by himself or herself. In such cases, speech therapy works wonders for them. They are able to find a voice for themselves. • An Increase In Self-Esteem • An autistic or non-verbal child is aware of the fact that they are different from the rest. Knowing this stops them from making any efforts to communicate with the public. When an autistic child faces a world full of kids similar to his age, he naturally pulls himself away and stays silent. The cruel world we live in today constantly reminds these kids that they are different.
Speech Therapist and Speech Disorders • LANGUAGE AND SPEECH DISORDER • Expressive: In this problem, it is difficult for a person or a kid to put words together, problems in using the language in a socially correct way, and sometime it includes limited vocabulary. • Receptive: In this disorder the child will face processing and understanding of the language. • Among all, the most common speech disorder is stuttering, apraxia, and dysarthria. • TREATMENT • The speech disorder with mild intensity may not require any treatment. It is also a fact, that some speech disorders may simply go away with the time and others can be treated with speech therapy. • The treatment of the issue depends and varies on the type of disorder. In a treatment through speech therapy, a professional speech therapist will introduce different exercises that specifically work to strengthen the muscles in your throat and face. From this treatment the person will learn to control speaking and breathing because it improves the sound of the words.
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