Lighthouse By:Jackie Becker
Menu • Inventors • Structure • Lighthouses in General • Lighthouse Facts • Bibliography • Back
Inventors • Greeks created a causeway the lead to the island and separated the port into two. Ptolemy commenced this magnificent building around 297 BCE, to protect ships from the precarious nature of the harbor. • Then, in 1822, the first modern lighthouse was invented by a Frenchman named Augustin Fresnel, who found a way to increase the light by using prisms.
Structure • The bottom of Pharos rose to a height of sixty meters, while the octagon and the top circular portion of the lighthouse were thirty and fifteen meters respectively. These dimensions make Pharos a monument of grandiose proportions--it is said that the light from the top could be seen for 34 1/2 to an amazing 300 miles away. The fire would have been placed at the bottom of Pharos. Mirrors, made of very polished bronze, lined the entire inside projected the fire onto a mirror at the top. During the day, the sun's rays were used to project the light; this was convenient since Pharos was mainly used during the day, as many ships did not sail at night.
Lighthouses in General • Lighthouses are used to warn ships that there are rocks near. • A fire was built in the upper part of the lighthouses for ships to see the rocks,but it was very faint. • Later, the lighthouse keepers learned that if they put reflectors behind the lamps it would be lighter. • The prisms of the light beam made the light visible for many miles.
Lighthouse facts • First lighthouse - Boston, MA • Oldest lighthouse in service - Sandy Hook, NJ • Newest shoreside lighthouse - Charleston, SC • Only lighthouse equipped with an elevator - Charleston, SC • Tallest lighthouse - Cape Hatteras, NC • Highest lighthouse (above sea level) - Cape Mendocino, CA
Bibliography • The first lighthouse • The inventors and where the lighthouse came from too. - http://www.smith.edu/hsc/museum/ancient_inventions/lighthouse2.html 2/16/05 • Structure of the lighthouse. - www.georgetown.u47.k12.me.us/cyberfair99/national/lighthouses.html 2/17/05 • Some history of the lighthouse. - http://www.encyclopedia.com/html/section/lighthou_History.asptm 2/17/05 • Pictures • Faded pic of lighthouse on rocks - www.fotoartsassociates.com/ PortlandHead.jpg 2/18/05 • Lighthouse next to little house - reach.ucf.edu/ ~cpaw/lighthouses.html 2/18/05 • Little drawing of lighthouse backround black - http://www. smith.edu/hsc/ museum/ancient_ inventions/lighthouse2.html 2/16/05 • Two pics of the structures of the lighthouse - http://www.encyclopedia.com/html/section/lighthou_History.asptm 2/17/05 • Lighthouse between trees - www.atpm.com/.../ hunting-island-light9.shtm • Inventor - melusine.eu.org/.../ fresnel/augustin/body.html 2/18/05