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SOL Preparation for

SOL Preparation for

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SOL Preparation for

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  1. SOL Preparationfor World History

  2. Getting ready for the SOL • There are less than 80 questions on the SOL Exam • They are multiple choice questions • Some include maps & graphs

  3. You have unlimited time in which to complete the test • Answer all questions, leave no question unanswered • The secret is in preparation, what is important to know

  4. People and events shape our history • We will identify as many important people and events as possible in order to be prepared to respond successfully on the SOL

  5. Let’s Begin • Be sure to use a highlighter to identify key information • Make notes and page references to you text book to access more details

  6. Follow the slides and link the person or event with important knowledge • The slides, like the test follow a chronological sequence • We will do a practice test when we have finished

  7. 5 Great World Religions • Judaism • Christianity • Islam • Hinduism • Buddhism

  8. Christianity and Islam • 2 largest religions of the world • Christianity- Jesus & the Bible • Islam- Allah &the Koran, the prophet Mohammed. 5 Pillars of Faith • Mono-theistic religions • Life after death or heaven

  9. Geographical distribution of world’s major religions • Judaism (in Israel & North America) • Christianity (Europe, North & South America) • Islam (Middle East, Africa, & Asia) • Hinduism (Concentrated in India) • Buddhism (East and Southeast Asia)

  10. World Religions

  11. Renaissance • Not since the times of Greece and Rome, had there been such a period of magnificence…the DarkAges lasted for 800 years until the great wealth created by trade led to a period known as the Renaissance

  12. Salvation by faith alone Bible is ultimate authority All humans equal before God Martin Luther

  13. Pre-destination Faith revealed by living a righteous life, work ethic Expansion of the Protest Church John Calvin

  14. Reformation (rise of Capitalism) • At first the Reformation divided countries of Europe • Religious intolerance led to war • Gradually, religious toleration emerged, but first came the Counter Reformation of the Catholic Church

  15. Edict of Nantes • Allows religious freedom to flourish in France • 1st example of religious toleration, ideas will spread across Europe over the next few hundred years

  16. Reformation led by a Monarch Creates the Church of England Henry VIII of England

  17. Johannes Gutenberg

  18. Leonardo da Vinci

  19. Copernicus (heliocentric theory) to Kepler (LPM) to Galileo Sun is the center of the universe Laws of Planetary Motion

  20. Proves Kepler’s work His ideas rock the Catholic Church Used telescope Galileo

  21. Spanish Armada

  22. William Shakespeare and the Globe Theater

  23. European thinkers express new ideas • Age of Enlightenment brought together ideas of the Renaissance & the Scientific Revolution • New attitudes are shaped about society and individuals

  24. The Enlightenment • Applied reason to the human world, not just the natural world • Stimulated religious tolerance • Fueled democratic revolution around the world

  25. Religious toleration should triumph over religious fanaticism:the separation of church and state Voltaire

  26. Columbian Exchange

  27. Diseases • Disease kills a large segment of the indigenous population of America

  28. Spanish in America • The Spanish conquest of the Americas reflect the influence of Spain on language, customs, & culture on another people • God, Glory, and Gold • slavery

  29. Civilization of Africa • Ghana- gold and salt • European trading post along coast • Slave trade

  30. Agricultural system in the South. Cash crops like tobacco & cotton fuel slavery Plantation System

  31. Mercantilism • An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self-sufficient; based on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country

  32. Declaration of IndependenceJuly 4, 1776 - Philadelphia

  33. Absolutism • Divine Right Theory – power given to a King by God • This concept will clash with the ideas of the new modern philosophers of the 1600’s

  34. Louis XIV Peter The Great Louis XIV & Peter the Great Absolute Monarchs

  35. Glorious Revolution • A “bloodless” revolution • Greater power of Parliament in England • An example of shared power of the monarch and the people • American & French Revolution • Napoleon- Codes

  36. James Watt improves the Steam Engine

  37. Transportation • Locomotive is an important form of transportation that changes life in Europe • Robert Fulton’s steamboat speeds ocean travel • Commerce & Communication is enhanced (food supply improves)

  38. Henry Bessemer • Process to make steel • Steel is cheaper to produce

  39. People whose ideas and inventions change the world • Sir Isaac Newton • Eli Whitney • Henry Bessemer • Louis Pasteur • Edward Jenner • Karl Marx Match their breakthroughs

  40. Theory of Gravity Laws of Motion Isaac Newton

  41. Writers advocate liberty and reason Adam Smith, 1776 writes The Wealth of Nations, explains a free economy & Laissez Faire policies Law of Self Interest-competition & supply and demand

  42. Factories

  43. Mercantilism Food supply

  44. Congress of Vienna