Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory
People with highly developed logical/mathematical intelligences (math smart) understand the underlying principles of some kind of a causal system, the way a scientist or a logician does; or can manipulate numbers, quantities, and operations, the way a mathematician does. Howard Gardner’s Definition:
Ability to recognize significant problems and then solve them Powerful reasoning ability Ability to explore, conjecture, and reason logically Ability to solve non-routine problems Ability to communicate about and through mathematics CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristics, continued • Likes abstract thinking • Likes being precise • Enjoys counting • Likes being organized • Uses logical structure • Enjoys computers • Enjoys experimenting in logical way • Prefers orderly note-taking
Key Mathematical Concepts • Problem solving • Communication • Reasoning • Connections • Estimation • Number sense and numeration • Whole number operations • Whole number computation • Geometry and spatial sense • Measurement • Statistics and probability • Fractions and decimals • Patterns and relationships
Principles of logical mathematical intelligence • Mathematics involves confrontation with the physical world. • An autonomous approach to mathematics is crucial in the early childhood years • Logics and mathematics are developmental. • Opportunities for mathematical development occur daily.
CONFRONTATION • “For it is in confronting objects, in ordering and reordering them, and in assessing their quantity, that the young child gains his or her initial and most fundamental knowledge about the logical-mathematical realm.” --Gardner
AUTONOMY • An early childhood environment must promote autonomy. Constance Kamii said that children are quite capable of inventing their own algorithms to solve a problem. It is impossible to teach concepts of number. These concepts must be self-discovered.
DEVELOPMENTAL • Logic and mathematics develop in stages and the stages offer a framework for providing appropriate materials, experiences, and expectations of young children.
OPPORTUNITY • Math is everywhere—create, recognize, utilize, identify, symbolize, manipulate, interact, pretend, play, discover, . . .
CAREERS in MATH • Scientist • Mathematician • Engineer • Biologist • Geneticist • Paleontologist • Pharmacist • Doctor • Emergency Medical Professional • Computer Programmer • Software Engineer • Inventor
More CAREERS • Physicist • Astronomer • Researcher • Architect • Statistician • Accountant • Detective • Lawyer • Economist
Interesting quote . . . hmmmm • “If you ask mathematicians what they do, you always get the same answer. They think. They think about difficult and unusual problems. They do not think about ordinary problems: they just write down the answers.” --Egrafov, M.