Introduction to Human Body Systems
Cardiovascular System • Consists of the heart, arteries, blood vessels, veins, and blood. • The heart pumps oxygen into the blood and collects carbon dioxide from it to be expelled through the lungs.
Skeletal System • The Axial • The Appendicular
Digestive System • Consists of mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, large intestines, rectum, and anus. • These organs work together breaking down food, through the use of digestive juices.
Muscular System • Muscle is attached to bone by tendons and other tissues. • Muscles are made up of millions of tiny protein filaments which produce a motion. • Three types of muscle.
Lymphatic System • It filters out organisms that cause disease, produces certain white blood cells and generates antibodies. • It is also important for the distribution of fluids and nutrients in the body, because it drains excess fluids and protein so that tissues do not swell up.
Endocrine System • A collection of glands that produces these hormones, which are necessary for normal bodily functions. • The hormones are transported to organs and tissues throughout the entire body.
Nervous System • Sympathic System, consists of the spinal cord. • Parasympathetic System, consists of 4 cranial nerves.
Urinary System • Allows us get rid of our bodies wastes. • Consists of the kidneys, two ureters, a urethra, and urinary tract.
Reproductive System • The male reproductive system consists of the testes, scrotum, penis, prostate gland. • The female reproductive parts consist of vulva, uterus, fallopain tubes, overies, and breast.