EU- INDIA Relations Partners in Progress Ashutosh JHA Project Manager Development Cooperation
EU-India Relations- Milestones 1963 India establishes diplomatic relations with EEC 1973 Commercial cooperation agreement 1983 EC sets up a Delegation in New Delhi 1988 EC-India, first Joint Commission meeting 1993 Joint Political Statement 1994 Cooperation agreement on partnership and development 1996 Enhanced EU-India partnership 2000 First Summit, in Lisbon 2004 5th Summit in Hague: launch of Strategic Partnership 2005 6th Summit in New Delhi: Joint Action Plan 2006 7th Summit in Helsinki
Key areas of co-operation are: • Political relations • Trade and investment • Economic and Development Co-operation • Cultural exchanges
An EU-India Strategic Partnership • Development Cooperation • EU working with India to tackle poverty and reach MDGs • Integrating three pillars of sustainable development: social, economic and environmental development. • India is now a receiver and provider of development aid • The Indian context: human development indicators show good progress but poverty still widespread. Unemployment is high. Vast income disparities between and within states • New approaches: 2002-2006 Country Strategy Paper for India forecasts € 225 million in grants for India, focusing on Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh. Sectoral reform support in elementary education and health. • EU Cooperation in India: India has reduced number of donors to 6 (US, Russia, Japan, UK, Germany, EC). Better coordination needed among donors.
EC Development and Economic Cooperation in India: The total of European Commission’s assistance to India, all in the form of grants, is reaching the landmark of Euro 2 billion, over Rs 8000 crores. The EC is the largest donor of grant funds to India.
The Development Cooperation Strategy: • EU-India cooperation agreement focuses on: Poverty reduction projects These promote an efficient and sustainable use of resources and sector programmes aimed at improving basic social services Public Health and Primary Education These are the largest sector programme at the moment
Primary Education The EC’s first-ever programme support grant in Asia is to the Indian Government’s District Primary Education Programme (DPEP). Targeted mainly at districts with low female literacy, the programme started in 1994 in 42 districts in 7 states. Over a period of 7 years, the EC has spent 150 million Euros to support the implementation of DPEP in Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Programme Euro 200 million has been committed for seven years of implementation. This commitment will aim to deepen the process of reforms to enhance quality at primary level (6-11 age) and to initiate developmental and innovative processes for the full elementary education cycle (6-14 age).
HealthSupport to Health and Family Welfare Sector Development The EC Supported Health and Family Welfare Sector Investment Programme (SIP) started in October 1998. With 200 million Euro (additional 40 million Euro for the Gujarat earthquake), contribution as an integral part of the Govt of India’s National Family Welfare Programme. This is given seven years of implementation time.
Development (Ctd) • Rural Development Projects: 12 projects amounting to 240 m € with a focus on poverty alleviation • Approach being phased out and replaced with sector wide budget support approach
State Partnership Programme • A multi sector policy support Programme aims at Poverty Alleviation in Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan • Targeted Sectors • Chhattisgarh- Education, Health and Forest • Rajasthan –Water Sector • Budget Support Programme • Grant of € 160 Million total, € 80 M to each State • Scheduled to be launched in 2006 • Implementation Period – 6-7 Years
State Partnership Programme • Both partnerships focus on policy and reforms with high Poverty Alleviation effects • Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan chosen as states with poor Human Development indicators, but ‘Reform Minded’ • Additionality of resources to Centre and State • Complementary to reforms through centrally sponsored schemes • Institutional reforms to promote Accountability • Decentralization and community Participation
Non Governmental Organizations Essential partners in the development process • With more than 300 NGO projects in several fields, India is the largest recipient of the EC’s NGO funds in Asia. • The current portfolio consists of more than 130 NGO Co-financing projects accounting for about 125 million euros (Rs 500 crores) • The current allocation is 40 million euros (Rs 160 crores).
Emergency Aid/Humanitarian Aid • Since 1998 the EC has increased its humanitarianoperations in India contributing 300 million Euros(Rs 130 crores). • Emergency and humanitarian aid managed by theEC Humanitarian Office (ECHO) providesemergency aid of humanitarian/relief nature,financing assistance, protection and emergency foodaid after disasters. • ECHO also provides assistance for pre-emptive action for disaster prevention.
Economic cooperation • The EC has horizontal programmes and bilateralprogrammes for its economic cooperation. • Horizontal programmes aim at establishing new linksand reinforcing existing ones between EU and India.They also promote European environment practicesand facilitate business cooperation between EU andAsia in general. • Bilateral programmes include in addition to thescientific cooperation, the cooperation between EUand India on product standards, maritime transportand civil aviation.
Economic & Cultural Cooperation • EC-India Civil Aviation: 32 m € • EC-India Maritime Transport Project: 10 m € • Trade and Investment Programme: 13.4 m € • Economic Cross Cultural Programme: 30 m € • EU-India Small Project Facility Programme: 4 m € • Erasmus Mundus (India Window): 33 m €
Asia Horizontal Programmes • Asia Link (higher education) • Asia Invest (business cooperation) • Asia IT&C (information technologies) • Asia Urbs (local authorities) • Asia Pro Eco (environment)
THANK YOU! • For further information:Delegation of the European Commission in India65 Golf LinksNew Delhi 110 003Tel: 0091 11 24629237, 24629238Fax: 0091 11 24629206E-mail: email@example.comWebsite: www.delind.ec.europa.eu