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Managing Asthma: Time to breathe freely. PowerPoint Presentation
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Managing Asthma: Time to breathe freely.

Managing Asthma: Time to breathe freely.

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Managing Asthma: Time to breathe freely.

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  1. MANAGINGASTHMA TIME TO BREATHEFREELY

  2. ABOUTASTHMA Thisisachronicdiseasethatauectstheairways.Yourairwaysaretubesthatcarryairtoand fromyourlungs.Soifyou’reanasthmaticpatient,theinsidewallsofyourairwaysbecome soreandswollenmakingthemextremelysensitive.Youmayfindyourselfreactingstrongly to things, that you are allergic to or find irritating. This is when your airways react and get narrowermakingitdificultforyourlungstogetair. WATCH OUT FOR THESESYMPTOMS Wheezing Shortness ofbreath Cough whichcan vary over time in their occurrence, frequency andintensity. Chesttightness FACTORS THAT MAY TRIGGER OR WORSEN ASTHMASYMPTOMS Viral infections, domestic or occupational allergens (e.g. house dust, mites, pollens, cockroaches),tobaccosmoke,exercise,stressandsomedrugsaresomeofthesefactors. Asthmaflare-ups(alsocalledexacerbationsorattacks)canbefatal.

  3. SALIENT FEATURES:5D’s DedicatedConsultation Disease Explanation with Audio Visualaid Devicestraining Determined PFTTechnician Distinguished ProgrammedTreatment Announcing Asthma Clinicat Hinduja Healthcare Surgical,Khar Time:EveryWednesday-3pmto5pm For appointmentscontact: 022-45108989 /61548989

  4. ASTHMA IS A TREATABLEDISEASE Mostpatientsareabletoachievegoodcontroloverthedisease.Knowntobeacommon condition, auecting all levels of society, research shows that many Olympic athletes, famousleadersandcelebrities,liveasuccessfulandactivelifeinspiteof being an asthmaticpatient. DIAGNOSIS OFASTHMA • The twomain defining features: • Ahistoryofrespiratorysymptoms,thatvaryovertimeandinintensity. • Variableexpiratoryairflowlimitation,assessedbyspirometry. The lung function(spirometyr) in monitoringasthma Thelungfunctionisthemostusefultestfordiagnosis,management&asanindicatorof future risk of asthmaexacerbation. Thereisaneedtorecordthelungfunctionatdiagnosis,3–6monthsafterstarting treatment, and intermittentlythereafter.

  5. RISK OFCO-MORBIDITIES Theymaycontributetorespiratorysymptomsandpoorqualityoflife.Theseinclude: Rhinitis Rhinosinusitis Gastroesophageal reflux(GERD) Obesity Obstructive sleepapnea Depression andanxiety THE DIAGNOSIS OF ASTHMA IN SPECIALPOPULATIONS Coughvariantasthma:Patientswithcoughastheonlyrespiratory symptommaybeduetocoughvariantasthmaorotherdiuerential diagnosis. Pregnantwomen:Treatmentofasthmaisextremelyimportantforthe healthofbothbabyandmother. Theelderly:Theremaybetimeswhenasthmaisunder-diagnosedin the elderly, due to poor perception and assumption that dyspnea is normal in oldage.

  6. Smokers and ex-smokers: Particularly in smokers andelderly, asthma andCOPDmayco-existoroverlap(Asthma-COPDoverlap). DEALING WITH THE DISEASE:ASTHMA Foreuectivemanagementofasthma,astrongandunderstandingpartnershipbetweenthe patientandthehealthcareproviderisnecessary.Thisenablesinachievinglongtermsgoals such as symptom control, exacerbation risk reduction and limiting airway damage as well as medication sideeuects. TREATINGASTHMA • Medications:Everypatientwithasthmashouldhavearelievermedication,andmost adultsandadolescentswithasthmashouldhaveacontrollermedication. • Importantly,everypatientshouldalsobetrainedinessentialskillsandguidedasthmaself- management,including: • Asthmainformation • Inhalerskills • Adherence • Written asthma actionplan • Self-monitoring • Regular medicalreview THE PREFERRED TREATMENT: INHALATIONAL TREATMENT INASTHMA Thecauseofasthmaisbecauseofinflammationinsidethewallsofairways.Henceusageof drugs (bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory) can be directly applied on the walls of the airwaytoworkbetter.Asthmainhalersworkdirectlyonthespotwithoutunnecessaryeuect onotherbodypartsmuchsimilartootherspottreatmentslikeeyedropsoreardrops.

  7. 11thRoad,Khar (W), Mumbai-400052. ForAppointmentsorInformation:+912226469999/45108989 ForEmergency:+91222646 9911 /61746099/98∞www.hindujahealthcare.com