Asthma Gretchen Brunati EEC 4731
What is Asthma? Asthma is a form of allergic response often seen in young children who also have other allergic conditions. When you have asthma, your airways narrow and swell. They produce mucus and breathing becomes impossible. Asthma can’t be cured but it can be treated.
Symptoms • Shortness of breath • Chest tightness or pain • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath • Whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling • Bouts of coughing or wheezing that are made worst by viruses such as a cold or flu
Risk Factors • Having a blood relative who also has asthma • Having an allergic condition such as atopic dermatitis or allergic rhinitis • Being over weight • Being a smoker • Being exposed to secondhand smoke • Having a mother who smoked while pregnant • Exposure to exhaust fumes • Exposure to triggers like chemicals used in farming, hairdressing and manufacturing
Managing Asthma • Long term control is the key to preventing asthma • Identifying substances that cause flare-ups • Frequent dusting and vacuuming • Taking medications, such as anti-inflammatory drugs and bronchodilators
Strategies for managing asthma attacks • Encourage the child to remain quiet. Never leave the child alone • Allow the child to sit in a position that makes breathing easier • Administer any medication prescribed to the child • Do not delay calling for emergency medical assistance! • Contact the child’s family if there is not relief from medication • Stay calm
Addressing asthma in the classroom As a teacher I would address the issue in a way that kids would understand. There is a wealth of information and books out there that could help young children understand and cope with this life long disease. I would never want any student to feel like an outsider so therefore, perhaps making a lesson on asthma can get the whole group involved and educated so that they don’t single out the student for being different. Circle time would be a great time to discuss this.
Books for your lessons! • Taking Asthma to School By: Kim Gosselin • I Have Asthma By: Jennifer Moore-Mallinos
references • Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child. Lynn R. Marotz, Seventh Edition • http//www.mayoclinic.com • http//www.amazon.com