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Browser and E-mail Basics

Browser and E-mail Basics Learn about Web browser software and Web pages The Web is a collection of files that reside on computers, called Web servers. Web servers are connected to each other through the Internet

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Browser and E-mail Basics

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  1. Browser and E-mail Basics Browser and E-mail Basics

  2. Learn about Web browser software and Web pages • The Web is a collection of files that reside on computers, called Web servers. • Web servers are connected to each other through the Internet • The software you use to connect your computer to the Web server is your Web browser. • Common Web browsers are Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer • These browsers use a standard Graphical User Interface design Browser and E-mail Basics

  3. The Microsoft Internet Explorer window Browser and E-mail Basics

  4. Computers and the Internet Browser and E-mail Basics

  5. Learn about Web addresses and URLs • Each computer on the Internet has an unique identification number, called an IP (Internet Protocol) address. • The IP addressing system currently in use on the Internet uses a four-part number. • Each part of the address is a number ranging from 0 to 255, and each part is separated from the previous part by a period, for example: Browser and E-mail Basics

  6. Where do these ip addresses point to? • ? • ? Browser and E-mail Basics

  7. When you use a Web browser to access a Web page stored on a Web server, you need to provide the browser with a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Browser and E-mail Basics

  8. URL • A URL is a Web Page’s address and identifies where the web page is stored on the Internet. • It is a four-part addressing scheme. • See page BEB 8 Browser and E-mail Basics

  9. Identify the parts of a URL Server address could be ip address ! Browser and E-mail Basics

  10. Although each computer connected to the Internet has a unique IP address, most Web browsers use domain name addressing to locate Web sites and pages. Browser and E-mail Basics

  11. Commonly used domain names Browser and E-mail Basics

  12. Several must-known terms • ISP Internet Service Provider • WWW World Wide Web • URL Uniform Resource Locator, which can uniquely identify a web resource on the Internet. • A URL consists of a protocol, domain name, and sometimes the path to a specific web page or even a location in a web page. • http:// hypertext transfer protocol. Browser and E-mail Basics

  13. Html and web page • (Hypertext Markup Language) - The coded format language used for creating hypertext documents on the World Wide Web and controlling how Web pages appear. • The language for web pages Browser and E-mail Basics

  14. Create two web pages Browser and E-mail Basics

  15. Anchor tags are used to define hyperlinks • Text files on Web servers are coded with HTML formatting tags that enable your browser to read text. • The tag that gives HTML its power, however, is the anchor tag. • Each anchor tag used in an HTML document, or Web page, creates a hypertext link or hypermedia link to other HTML documents or to other media. • These links are a different color than other text on the page, and are sometimes underlined. When you click the link, you connect to another Web page. Browser and E-mail Basics

  16. Identify a hyperlink on a Web page Browser and E-mail Basics

  17. Hyperlinks and Web pages Browser and E-mail Basics

  18. Save and organize Web addresses • Use Internet Explorer's Favorites list to store and organize a list of Web pages that you have visited so you can return to them easily. • The Favorites button on the Standard Buttons toolbar opens the Add Favorite dialog box. • Use the Favorites list to open URLs you have stored as favorites. • Create folders to organize your favorites in the way that best suits your needs and working style. • Organize your folders in a hierarchical structure using the Organize button on the Favorites Explorer Bar. Browser and E-mail Basics

  19. Favorite Web sites can be saved and organized Browser and E-mail Basics

  20. Printing a Web Page • Make sure the page you want to print is displayed in the browser window. • Select Print from the File menu to open the Print dialog box. • Ready the printer and click the Print button. Browser and E-mail Basics

  21. Saving a Web Page • You can save a Web page by clicking the Save As option in the File menu. • Options for saving a Web page: • Web Page, complete • HTML code • Web page text Browser and E-mail Basics

  22. Saving a Web Page Browser and E-mail Basics

  23. Saving a Web Page Graphic • Open the Web page containing the graphic you wish to display. • Right-click the graphic and select Save Picture As from the shortcut menu. • Navigate to where you want to save the picture, save the filename if necessary, and click the Save button. Browser and E-mail Basics

  24. Saving a Web Page Graphic Browser and E-mail Basics

  25. Learn about e-mail and e-mail software • E-mail, or electronic mail, is an efficient way to exchange messages with others on a network. • This network may be small and self-contained, such as within an office, or as large as the Internet. • E-mail messages can go to only one recipient or to dozens of recipients at once. • When you send a message, it travels through the network to an e-mail server. • The e-mail server stores messages until the recipient(s) request them. Browser and E-mail Basics

  26. How E-mail works Browser and E-mail Basics

  27. E-mail address components • You may have an e-mail account through a business network or you may create an e-mail account with a service that provides Internet access. • An e-mail address consists of: • A user name or login ID • The “at” symbol (@) • The name of the e-mail server Browser and E-mail Basics

  28. Send and receive e-mail using Microsoft Outlook Express • To access your e-mail account you also need an e-mail program, which is also called e-mail client software. • You use the e-mail program to open, print, delete, reply to, forward, and save mail from your e-mail server. • One such program is Microsoft's Outlook Express, which installs as part of Internet Explorer. • Outlook Express can be accessed through the Start menu on the All Programs submenu. Browser and E-mail Basics

  29. Microsoft Outlook Express Browser and E-mail Basics

  30. Send and receive e-mail • To send an e-mail message: • Press the New Mail button on the Outlook Express toolbar • Type in the e-mail addresses of the recipient • Type your subject matter • Type your message and then click the Send button • To retrieve mail that has been sent to you: • Click the Send/Recv button on the toolbar • Outlook Express will contact your e-mail server and download your e-mail messages • To reply to a message: • Click the Reply button • The recipient address and the subject matter are automatically filled in • When you have completed typing your reply, click the Send button Browser and E-mail Basics

  31. The Outlook Express New Message dialog box Browser and E-mail Basics

  32. Reply to an e-mail message Browser and E-mail Basics

  33. Adding contacts to the Address Book • You can use the Address Book to keep track of all the people and organizations with which you correspond electronically. • You not only can store the e-mail addresses for your contacts, but also all other related information. • Click the Addresses button on the toolbar to open the Address Book, and then select New Contact from the New button on the toolbar. Browser and E-mail Basics

  34. Adding contacts to the Address Book Browser and E-mail Basics

  35. Attaching a file to a message • To attach a file to a message, first create a new message and click the Attach button on the toolbar. • Browse for and select the file you wish to attach to the message. • After selecting the file, complete your message and click the Send button. Browser and E-mail Basics

  36. Message with file attached Browser and E-mail Basics

  37. Receiving a message with an attachment Browser and E-mail Basics

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