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Geographer Toolbox

Geographer Toolbox

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Geographer Toolbox

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  1. Geographer Toolbox Map Skills

  2. Cartography • the study and practice of making maps Topographic map, Easter island Copy (1472) of St. Isidore's map of the world

  3. What is a Map? • A representation, usually on a flat surface, of a region of the earth or heavens. A celestial map from the 17th century, by the Dutch cartographer Frederik de Wit.

  4. Map Conventions (parts) • Title (what, where, when) • Legend (explain symbols, colours) • Scale (relationship between distance on map and in the real world) • Direction (north arrow or Latitude/Longitude) • Border (set map apart from other info) • Date of Publication/author

  5. Rules for Creating Hand Drawn Maps • In groups of 4, create a list of rules you should follow to create effective maps. • Include rules for: • Labels/labelling • Human vs physical features • Differentiate the features of a map • Colouring/shading • Symbols

  6. Rules for Creating Maps:Paper/Pencil • Pencil first, print only NEATLY • Check spelling, don’t block other labels/ features • Go over labels in black ink, erase pencil • Use the same size and style (UPPER vs Lower Case) for similar features • Larger features may have larger labels

  7. Cont’d • Human labels must be horizontal (parallel to base of map) • Use a leader (line) ONLY if no space Centered in area symbol Dream World Label 3 Label 1 Label 4 Label 2

  8. Cont’d • Never underline labels • Labels for physical features can follow the shape of the feature • Only colour the areas of focus • Shade lightly, consistently • Blue is only for water • No white or black • Include 5 map conventions where possible.

  9. Types of Symbols • Point • ID’s a specific point (city, bridge, attraction) • Line • Any linear feature (river, border) • Area • Large area (province, desert, continent)

  10. Map of Canada • Carefully find the exact point on the map and label the: • 13 provincial/territorial capitals • 1 national capital ***differentiate symbols and labels • Label all provinces/territories • Convert to pen • Map conventions

  11. How to use the Atlas Gazetteer • Handout…complete!

  12. Text, Experience Canada, pages 7 – 12. • Compass Direction • Handout • “Direction/“Compass Point Exercise” • Answer page7, #9, 10, 11 (write down the question)

  13. Grid Location • Define “alphanumeric grid” • Answer #12 • Complete Geoskills (pages 8/9) • review map first • read instructions and complete activity • Answer #1 – 3

  14. Latitude and Longitude • Worksheet • Reference • Practice “Locating Places on a Grid” • Go GPS!!

  15. Using Map symbols (legend) • In your notes, copy the 3 types of symbols and the definition, including an example of each. • Answer #13 (make 3 columns) • 14 (use map on page 11) • Finding Road distance (scale) • Describe in steps how you measure “kilometric distance.” • Answer #15 - 17

  16. Map Scales • Worksheet “Types of Map Scales”