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Self-Directed Learning

Self-Directed Learning

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Self-Directed Learning

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  1. Self-Directed Learning in Medical Curriculum

  2. Outline • SDL? • 10 Myths • Teacher’s Roles • SDL Tools & Techniques • Learning Contract

  3. SDL? : Terms Confusion • Self-Directed Learning • instructional method • Learner Self-Direction • a set of personality characteristics • Self-Direction in Learning • umbrella concept

  4. SDL ? [Knowles, 1975] • a process in which individuals take the initiative, with or without the help of others, to... • diagnose their learning needs, • formulate learning goals, • identify resources for learning, • select and implement learning strategies, and • evaluate learning outcomes.

  5. SDL ? [Mocker & Spear, 1982]

  6. SDL ? [Hiemstra R 1994] • any study forms in which individuals have primary responsibility for planning, implementing, and even evaluating the effort

  7. SDL VS Thai Law • ม. 7 ในกระบวนการเรียนรู้ต้อง... รู้จักพึ่งตนเอง มีความคิดริเริ่มสร้างสรรค์ ใฝ่รู้ และเรียนรู้ด้วยตนเองอย่างต่อเนื่อง • ม. 15 (3) การศึกษาตามอัธยาศัย เป็นการศึกษาที่ให้ผู้เรียนได้เรียนรู้ด้วยตนเองตามความสนใจ ศักยภาพ ความพร้อมและโอกาส โดยศึกษาจากบุคคล ประสบการณ์ สังคม สภาพแวดล้อม สื่อ หรือแหล่งความรู้อื่นๆ

  8. SDL VS Thai Law • ม.22 การจัดการศึกษาต้องยึดหลักว่าผู้เรียนทุกคนมีความสามารถเรียนรู้และพัฒนาตนเองได้ และถือว่าผู้เรียนมีความสำคัญที่สุด กระบวนการจัดการศึกษาต้องส่งเสริมให้ผู้เรียนสามารถพัฒนาตามธรรมชาติและเต็มตามศักยภาพ

  9. SDL VS Thai Law • ม.24 การจัดกระบวนการเรียนรู้ ให้สถานศึกษาและหน่วยงานที่เกี่ยวข้องดำเนินการดังต่อไปนี้ (1) จัดเนื้อหาสาระและกิจกรรมให้สอดคล้องกับความสนใจและความถนัดของผู้เรียน โดยคำนึงถึงความแตกต่างระหว่างบุคคล... (3) จัดกิจกรรมให้ผู้เรียน... เกิดการใฝ่รู้อย่างต่อเนื่อง...

  10. 10 SDL Myths • misconceptions • belief • confusion • SDL 1

  11. Myth 1 • Myth: Self-Directedness Is an All or Nothing Concept • to correct it: • continuum not dichotomous • learners • learning experience • curriculum ( APP3)

  12. Myth 2 • Myth: Self-Direction Implies Learning in Isolation • to correct it: • not necessary • isolation | small/large group • competition VS cooperation

  13. Myth 3 • Myth: Self-Direction Is Just Another Adult Education Fad • to correct it: • long Hx • strengthened > 2 decades • maybe new terms, but still same concept

  14. Myth 4 • Myth: Self-Direction Is Not Worth the Time Required to Make It Work • to correct it: • logical • self-direction skill • maintain own learning • self-concept • future research

  15. Myth 5 • Myth: Self-Directed Learning Activities Are Limited Primarily to Reading and Writing • to correct it: • interview • discussion • agency visitation • study tour • practicum • on-line community

  16. Myth 6 • Myth: Facilitating Self-Direction Is an Easy Way Out for Teachers • to correct it: • negotiation • exchange of views • securing needed resources • validation of outcomes • learning partnership

  17. Myth 7 • Myth: Self-Directed Learning Is Limited Primarily to Those Settings Where Freedom and Democracy Prevail • to correct it: • not totally true

  18. Myth 8 • Myth: Self-Direction in Learning Is Limited Primarily to Write, Middle-Class Adults • to correct it: • for adults, not the skin color

  19. Myth 9 • Myth: Self-Directed Learning Will Erode the Quality of Institutional Programs • to correct it: • ‘when the trust is given, the vast majority of learners will work to their maximum and seek out high quality learning experience’

  20. Myth 10 • Myth: Self-Directed Learning Is the Best Approach for Adults • to correct it: • nothing 100%

  21. Teacher’s Roles •  SDL2 p2 •  SDL4 p1 •  SDL5 p4 • home.twcny.rr.com/hiemstra/sdltools.html

  22. Teacher’s Roles • provide information on certain topics • resource person • assist learners to assess their needs and competencies • provide feedback on successive draft of learning plan

  23. Teacher’s Roles • locate and secure resource • build a resource collection • set up special learning experience • work as a stimulator • foster independency

  24. Teacher’s Roles • promote discussion & small group activities • help develop attitude towards SDL • manage the SDL process • serve as validator or evaluator

  25. Teacher’s Roles • teach learner how to SDL • recognition & reward for SDL • help learner develop IT skill • use technology

  26. Teacher’s Roles • from: information provider • to: learning experience manager • from: learned content concern • to: learning process concern • from: teacher & student • to: partnership

  27. SDL Tools & Techniques • planning tools • individual study techniques • personal reflection tool • individual skill development • group study techniques • using the educative community

  28. Planning Tools • self diagnostic form • self-analysis as a learner • competencies for performing life roles ( APP4) • SDL skills • competencies for carrying out SDL projects • Learning Style • etc

  29. Planning Tools • Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS) • Self-Directed Learning Perception Scale (SDLPC) • self-rating on self-directed learning competencies

  30. Planning Tools • self-assessment exercise • analyzing thinking skill • determining learning style • teaching style • change style • Gantt chart

  31. Study Techniques • mind/concept mapping • probes in learning • vee diagramming / vee heuristic technique • how to read a journal / magazine • learning from TV /radio

  32. Study Techniques • exercising • self-education/university • preferred learning envir. • relaxation training • memory enhancement techniques • learning with computer • etc

  33. Reflection Tools • book / article / media / review techniques • interactive reading log • media log • journal / diary writing • persona philosophy statement • etc

  34. Skill Development • port folio development • improving writing • improving discussing skill • enhancing questioning skill • etc

  35. Group Study Techniques • a study group activity • debates • discussion group • study circle • quality circle

  36. Educative Community • community study • resource person • obtaining feedback • agency visit • mini-internship • interviewing • etc

  37. Learning Contract • Written Document • Objectives • Resources • Date of Completion • Evidence • Evaluation

  38. Conclusion • SDL? • 10 Myths • Teacher’s Roles • SDL Tools & Techniques • Learning Contract