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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan PowerPoint Presentation
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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan

Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan

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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan

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  1. Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan Thinley Namgyel National Environment Commission Royal Government of Bhutan

  2. Bhutan • Located in Eastern Himalayas • Area : 38,394 km2 • Population: 800,000 (2002 estimate) Bhutan Coping Strategies

  3. Bhutan Vulnerability • Agrarian population • 80% of population • 32.9 of GDP • Water Resources • 10% of GDP • 30,000 MW potential power generation Bhutan Coping Strategies

  4. Bhutan Vulnerability • Forests and Biodiversity • 70% forest • high diversity - Eastern Himalayan hotspot • Natural Disasters • Glacial Lake Outbursts Floods • Landslides • Human Health • Increase in tropical diseases and heat stress Bhutan Coping Strategies

  5. Impacts and Measures • Agriculture: • Migration of agro-ecological zones to north and higher altitude • Vulnerability to increase in pests and erratic precipitation • Research centers and farmer collaboration for developing and testing new varieties • Eg. High altitude rice • Forecasting and early warning for local weather Bhutan Coping Strategies

  6. Impacts and Measures • Water Resources & Forests • Streams and small rivers are sources for irrigation, drinking water, hydroelectricity • Rivers and streams charged by monsoon rains, winter snows and glaciers. • Strong policy of forest protection • Community awareness and participation in watershed management • Eg protection of communal springs and watersheds Bhutan Coping Strategies

  7. Impacts and Measures • Glacial Lake Outburst Floods • 24 potentially dangerous lakes • Last flood in 1994 • Lowering lake levels • Early warning systems • Risk assessment & mapping Bhutan Coping Strategies

  8. Conclusion • Use and support existing mechanisms • Farmer - researcher cooperation • Adopting new techniques/technologies • Improved technologies to support existing mechanisms • Research funds, new techniques • Early warning technologies • Awareness and ownership important for community participation • Forest and watershed protection Bhutan Coping Strategies

  9. Tashi Delek www.nec.gov.bt Bhutan Coping Strategies