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CHAPTER 4 - Folk v Popular culture

CHAPTER 4 - Folk v Popular culture

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CHAPTER 4 - Folk v Popular culture

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  1. CHAPTER 4 - Folk v Popular culture • I. Define popular and folk culture • Characteristics

  2. I. Define popular and folk culture • Characteristics • Folk Pop • Rural urban • Tradition fad • Conservative innovative • Handmade mass produced • Spread slowly spread rapidly • Small in area larger area • Barter money economy

  3. Material and nonmaterial culture • A. Non-material

  4. Material • Folk architecture • Environment

  5. Orientation

  6. Americans examples - Dogtrot house -Shotgun house - I house

  7. 2. Pop architecture

  8. South – barbecue, fried chicken, and hamburgers most popular • North – pizza • Focus of Italian immigration • Pizza diffused to the southern states only in the mid-1950s • Fast food • -- South — 57% of restaurants in MS • Northeast lowest rate —27% of restaurants in NY 3. Food

  9. III. Regions – unique areas A. Formal - "homogenous" or "uniform"

  10. B. Functional - "nodal"

  11. C. Vernacular - "perceptual"

  12. Culture Regions 1. Cultural landscapes

  13. 2. US Culture Regions

  14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYef9JOeB1g Mardi Gras Indians

  15. Diffusion • A. Types • 1. Relocation • 2. Expansion • Hierarchical • Contagious • Stimulus

  16. B. Folk – • Origin (hearth) 2. Diffusion – relocation, contagious 3. Barriers

  17. Diffusion of House Types in U.S. Fig. 4-9: Distinct house types originated in three main source areas in the U.S. and then diffused into the interior as migrants moved west.

  18. Pop culture landscapes • Placelessness • Landscapes of consumption • Leisure landscapes

  19. West Edmonton Mall

  20. Pop Diffusion • Origin (hearth) • Diffusion – hierarchical • Barriers

  21. Wal-Mart stores • Diffused from Arkansas base - contagious pattern • Reverse hierarchical diffusion - Initially chose smaller towns and markets • Later spread into cities • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EGzHBtoVvpc

  22. TV/Internet

  23. V. Globalization of pop culture A. Threats to folk culture • Loss of traditional values • Foreign media dominance B. Environmental impacts of popular culture • Modifying nature • Uniform landscapes • Negative environmental impact