Incident Command System(ICS)- Review - Steve Prziborowski
Incident Command SystemDefinition • An Incident Management System using: • a common organizational structure • assigned incident resources • stated objectives
Elements of an effective Incident Management System • Suitable for use regardless of jurisdiction or agency involved • The organizational structure must be able to adapt to an incident regardless of how complicated • Expandable in a logical manner from initial response to a major emergency so as not to have one plan for "everyday" use and a separate plan for "the big one” • Basic common elements in organization, terminology, and procedures
The Incident Command System (ICS) as a Management Tool • Ensures Unity of Command in that each individual participating in the operation only reports to one supervisor. • Provides a standard set of terms for communicating designation of resources and facilities. Plain English is used rather than 10-codes. • Lines of authority provide for lines of communication. This means that the right people receive the proper messages because all communications follow the chain. • Provides for Span of Controlwhich is the number of subordinates one supervisor can manage effectively (3-7 with 5 preferred).
ICS as a Management Tool(cont.) • Has all-risk design. Confusion is reduced by the fact that the same methods are used regardless of the type of situation and agencies involved. • Provides for safety of personnel. All persons are accounted for and efforts are coordinated in a manner which provides for the safety of all persons. • Provides for modular expansion. As either the incident enlarges or additional resources become available, span of control continues to meet the needs. • Improved resource utilization. With a clear organizational structure, each resource can concentrate on its assignment and eliminate duplication of effort.
ICS should be used for all incidents…not just the “big ones”. • Why?
Branch • That organizational level having functional or geographic responsibility for major segments of incident operations (such as Air Ops, Service or Support). • The Branch level that is organizationally between Sections and Divisions/ Sectors/Groups (>5).
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF BRANCHES BRANCHESMAINTAIN SPAN OF CONTROL Geographic Branches
BRANCHES (continued) LOGISTICS SECTION CHIEF SERVICE BRANCH SUPPORT BRANCH Ground Support Unit Communications Unit Functional Branches Facilities Unit Medical Unit Supply Unit Food Unit
7 A 6 5 C 4 B 3 2 1 DIVISIONSWill always divide an Incident geographically STRUCTURE INCIDENT HAZMAT OR WILDFIRE INCIDENT
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS: OUTER INNER PERIMETER PERIMETER
GROUPS • POOL SPECIALIZED RESOURCE TEAMS or • ESTABLISH FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF OPERATION
In ICS, common terminology is applied to: • Organizational elements: • Sections, Units, Divisions, etc. • Position Titles: • Officers, Chiefs, Leaders, Managers • Resources: • Engine, Truck, Tanker, Crew, Dozer • Facilities: • Base, Helispot, Camp, ICP, Helibase
ICS Integrated Communications COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS FREQUENCY AND RESOURCE USE PLANNING INFORMATION TRANSFER PROCEDURES
“Clear Text“ • The use of plain English in radio communications transmissions. • No Ten Codes, or agency specific codes are used when using clear text.
TWO WAYS TO ORGANIZE INCIDENT COMMAND A B A C SINGLE COMMAND UNIFIED COMMAND
A C B MANAGING AN INCIDENT USING UNIFIED COMMAND UNIFIED COMMAND A B C OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGY INCIDENT ACTION PLAN OPERATIONS SECTION CHIEF HAZMAT INCIDENT DIV. A DIV. B DIV. C
Under Unified Commandthere will always be: • A single, coordinated IAP • One Ops Section Chief • One Incident Command Post • A Unified Ordering Point
Reasons to Transfer Command • More qualified person assumes command. • A jurisdiction or agency change in command legally required or makes good management sense • Normal turnover of personnel on long or extended incidents.
Upon arrival at the Incident a Higher Ranking Officer shall: 1. ASSUME COMMAND or 2. MAINTAIN COMMAND or 3. REASSIGN COMMAND to a third party or 4. FILL ANOTHER ICS POSITION
What have we got What do we need Basically the who, when, where, what, why Incidents current status & prognosis? The plan of action? Current strategy/tactics Any resources at scene, enroute and / or ordered? Current ICS structure Any related issues or concerns? Basically the info from the ICS 201 Form TRANSFER OF COMMAND BRIEFING
INCIDENT COMMANDER INFORMATION LIAISON SAFETY COMMAND STAFF PLANNING FINANCE OPERATIONS LOGISTICS THE COMMAND STAFF: 7-12
Incident CommanderResponsibilities • The individual responsible for the management of all incident operations. • Establishes a command organization. • Assesses situation, determines scope of incident, and prioritizes the problem. • Evaluates overall strategy on a continual basis. • Directs activities and maintains communications with Command Staff, Plans, Logistics, and Operations.
INCIDENT COMMANDER MAJOR RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES • Keep agency administrator informed of incident status • Approve the use of students, volunteers, and auxiliary personnel • Authorize release of information to the news media • Order the demobilization of the incident
IC - ESTABLISHES THE IMMEDIATE PRIORITIES FIRST PRIORITY IS INCIDENT SAFETY • People involved in incident • Responders • Other emergency workers • Bystanders
IC - ESTABLISHES THE IMMEDIATE PRIORITIES SECOND PRIORITY IS INCIDENT STABILIZATION • Protect the public • Sufficient kinds of resources? • Sufficient sized organization?
Command Staff • They report directly to the Incident Commander INFORMATION OFFICER SAFETY OFFICER LIAISON OFFICER
Safety OfficerResponsibilities • A Command Staff member responsible for monitoring and assessing safety hazards, unsafe situations, and developing measures for ensuring personnel safety. • Identify existing and potential hazards • Keep all personnel informed of existing and potential hazards • Correct unsafe acts or conditions and exercise emergency authority to prevent unsafe acts when immediate action is needed • Investigate accidents within the incident area
Liaison Officer • Several agencies will be sending personnel • IC can no longer provide sufficient time for all representatives • Two or more jurisdictions may be involved
Agency Representative • An individual assigned from an assisting or cooperating agency who has been delegated full authority to make decisions on all matters affecting that agency’s participation. • Agency Representatives report to the Liaison Officer.
Information Officer • Responsible for interface with the media or other appropriate agencies requiring information directly from the scene. • Member of the Command Staff.
THE GENERAL STAFF: INCIDENT COMMANDER PLANNING FINANCE OPERATIONS LOGISTICS GENERAL STAFF POSITIONS 07-17
Operations ChiefResponsibilities • Responsible for all tactical operations at the incident. • Supervises emergency operations • Establishes communication procedures with IC and subordinates • Determines need for immediate and anticipated resources • Requests periodic progress reports from Division/Group Supervisors
“AVAILABLE” (Within 3 Minutes) ICS RESOURCE STATUS CONDITIONS “OUT OF SERVICE” (usually mechanical reasons) “ASSIGNED” (or “Committed”)
PERSONNEL ACCOUNTABILITY MAINTAINED THROUGH THE USE OF: CHECK-IN FORM RESOURCE STATUS KEEPING SYSTEM UNITY OF COMMAND