Why did people move from the villages to Kettering in the 19th Century? Population of Kettering YearPopulation 1720 2645 1841 4867 1851 5198 1861 5845 1871 7184 1881 11,095 1891 19,454 1901 28,653 What has happened to the population of Kettering between 1720 and 1901? Give details A. First theories What are the possible reasons why this has happened? 1. 2. 3. B. Fuller investigation Clue 1: What was life like in villages in the 19th century? Look at the display beyond the entrance to the museum. Look closely at the objects and the information panels. What different tasks did people do in the countryside? Which do you think was the worst task? Explain why. 1720 1841 51 61 71 81 91 1901
How well off were people in the countryside? Explain how you can tell. Clue 2: Factories What was the main trade of Kettering? Would factory work have been more pleasant than work in the countryside? Explain. How might the number of shoe factories explain the rise in population? (See the panel on Town Life) Clue 3: Kettering maps (Look closely to see what new buildings have grown up) How has Kettering changed between 1826 and 1938? Explain in detail Clue 4: Housing What are the 5 main house building dates? How closely do they fit in with the population figures? What are the houses like?
Clue 5: Public Services What public services and facilities were available in Kettering. Safety Culture Leisure Goods Other Which of these was the most important? Explain. Clue 6: Transport How important was it that Kettering had a railway station? (Perhaps you should refer to the population figures) C. Solution By now you should have enough information to decide the main reasons why people moved to Kettering in the 19th Century. Think particularly of one of the villagers you saw in the agricultural display – why might they have wanted to move? Main reason: Why you decided this. Is this the same answer as the one you wrote at the beginning?