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The 19th century

The 19th century

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The 19th century

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  1. The 19th century Time for change

  2. Economic change 1750 - 1850 • Enclosure movement • Revolution in agriculture • Technological innovation and the Industrial revolution • Textile industry • Steam engine • Iron production • Canal building

  3. Economic change 1750 - 1850 • Railroads • Factory system • Industrial capitalism • Industrial cities • Exploitation of women and children

  4. Economic change 1850 - 1914 • Steel, chemicals, electricity and oil • Bessemer process of steel production • Internal combustion engine • Telegraph, phonograph, telephone • Wright Brothers develop first airplane

  5. Social transformation • Capitalism and socialism • Marx and Communism (Das Kapital, 1867) • Trade unionism • Demanding the right to vote: expanding the franchise • The rise of nationalism • The spread of education

  6. Social transformation • Science and religion • Darwin and the theory of evolution (Origin of the Species, 1859) • Modernism in art: impressionism and beyond • Freud and psychoanalysis • The role of women and the rise of femininsim