19th Century Authors Washington Irving Nathaniel Hawthorne Edgar Allen Poe
The Times • Puritanism was the dominate religion, social policy and infrastructure for government • As different sects and denominations developed, Puritanism declined • Evangelicalism endured • Many of the revivalism and reform all stem from the Puritan movement
The Times • Setting is often New England • Late 1700’s and early 1800’s • Society was based upon religious beliefs • Puritans wanted to “purify” the bible and people were sinful by nature and deserved eternal punishment • Superstition was powerful • Puritanism was fading and the urge to acquire wealth growing
Puritanism GROUP ONE Please explain Puritanism in England: What was the premise to Puritanism? Did the Queen of England (Elizabeth I) favor Puritanism? Did Parliament agree to Puritanism beliefs? What eventually happened to Puritanism in England?
Puritanism GROUP TWO Please explain Puritanism in America: What are two reasons for Puritanism doing so well in America? What were the first Puritans that came to America called? Where was their first home in America (where did they settle)? Did Puritans believe in the separation of church and state? What eventually happened to Puritanism in America (their was a decline and then a revival, tell me about the revival)?
Washington Irving • Born in New York City on April 3,1789, died 1859(70) • Traveled widely in Europe • Became a lawyer • Began writing career as a journalist • Best known for “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle” • Pseudonym: Diedrich Knickerbocker
Nathaniel Hawthorne • Born July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, died in 1864(60) • Lived most of his life in Salem and Concord Massachusetts • Neighbors with Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson • Best known for “The Scarlet Letter” House of Seven Gables” and “The Minister’s Black Veil.”
Edgar Allen Poe • Born in Boston, January 19, 1809, died in 1849 (40) • Best known for his short stories and poetry • Transformed the short story • Created the detective story and psychological thrillers • Has world wide influence on literature
Literary Terms Satire A satire is a form of writing to ridicule and use humor as a weapon against someone or something; can be writing, film, music or art.
Literary Terms • Satires are popular because it is a way to get important and often times serious issues to the masses. • During a time when many people were not educated, comedy helped to generate popularity
Literary Terms • Tall Tale • A tall tale is a type of folklore • Associated with the American frontier • They’re humorous and often contain wild exaggerations and inventions • Heroes are bold, sometimes foolish and may have superhuman abilities • Not intended to be believable
Literary Term • Parable • Illustrates a moral lesson • Resemble fables, but fables usually have animal characters • Parables have human characters • Parables often appear in the Bible
Literary Terms 3. Short Story • Brief fictional narrative • Generally includes: setting, characters, plot, point of view and theme