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1914-1918: The World at War

1914-1918: The World at War

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1914-1918: The World at War

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  1. 1914-1918:The Worldat War

  2. Various Names • “Family Feud” • “The War to End All Wars” • “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”

  3. Causesof theWar

  4. 1. The Alliance System Triple Entente: Triple Alliance:

  5. Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers: Central Powers:

  6. The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers: Central Powers: Nicholas II [Rus] Wilhelm II [Ger] George V [Br] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Enver Pasha[Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Franz Josef [A-H]

  7. 2. Militarism & Arms Race Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s.

  8. 3. Economic & Imperial Rivalries

  9. 4. Aggressive Nationalism

  10. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The“Powder Keg”of Europe

  11. The“Spark”

  12. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family

  13. The Assassination: Sarajevo

  14. The Assassin: GavriloPrincip

  15. Who’s To Blame?

  16. The Schlieffen Plan

  17. German Atrocities in Belgium

  18. Mobilization • Home by Christmas! • No major war in 50 years! • Nationalism! It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long way to go; It's a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, It's a long, long way to Tipperary, But my heart's right there!

  19. Recruitment Posters

  20. A Young Australian Recruit

  21. Recruits of the Central Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother Austro-Hungarians

  22. New French Recruits

  23. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier

  24. Womenand theWarEffort

  25. Financing the War

  26. For Recruitment

  27. Munitions Workers

  28. German Women Factory Workers

  29. A Woman Ambulance Driver

  30. Red Cross Nurses

  31. Russian Women Soldiers

  32. Spies • “Mata Hari” • Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide Zelle • German Spy!

  33. Posters:WartimePropaganda

  34. Australian Poster

  35. American Poster

  36. German Poster

  37. The Western Front: A “War of Attrition”

  38. A Multi-Front War

  39. The Western Front

  40. Trench Warfare

  41. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”

  42. Verdun – February, 1916 • German offensive. • Each side had 500,000 casualties.

  43. The Somme – July, 1916 • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day. • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.

  44. War IsHELL !!

  45. Sacrifices in War

  46. TheEasternFront

  47. The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915

  48. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine

  49. T. E. Lawrence & the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18