Prepared By – RajatDua IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements
Objectives • Basis of presentation of Financial Statements • Comparability • To setout the framework for preparation of financial statements • True & fair information
Scope Applies to all general purpose financial statements based on International Financial Reporting Standards. [General purpose financial statements are those intended to serve users who do not have the authority to demand financial reports tailored for their own needs.]
Financial statements should include: Balance Sheet (Statement of financial Position) Notes, comprising a summary of accounting policies and other explanatory notes Cash flow Statement (Statement of Cash flows) Income Statement (Statement of comprehensive income) Statement on changes in equity
Requirements Going Concern An entity preparing IFRS financial statements is presumed to be a going concern. If not, the uncertainties must be disclosed. Consistency If the annual reporting period changes and financial statements are prepared for a different period, the enterprise must disclose the reason for the change and a warning about problems of comparability. Reporting period IAS 1 requires that an entity prepare its financial statements, except for cash flow information, using the accrual basis of accounting. Accrual basis of accounting
Requirements Each material class of similar items must be presented separately in the financial statements. Dissimilar items may be aggregated only if the are individually immaterial. Materiality and aggregation With entity's financial statements of previous periods and with the financial statements of other entities Comparative Information Statement of changes in Equity All owner changes in equity to be reflected in “Statement of changes in Equity” Offsetting Assets and liabilities, and income and expenses, may not be offset unless required or permitted by a Standard or an Interpretation. 6
Structure and contents of financial statements in general Clearly identify: The financial statements The reporting enterprise Whether the statements are for the enterprise or for a group The date or period covered The presentation currency The level of precision (thousands, millions, etc.)
Balance Sheet IAS 1 does not prescribe the format of the balance sheet. Liabilities and equity can be presented current then noncurrent then equity, or vice versa. Assets can be presented current then noncurrent, or vice versa. A net asset presentation (assets minus liabilities) is allowed
Balance Sheet Classifying current and non-current assets and liabilities. Disclosure is required that separates the longer-term amounts from the 12-month amounts. [Long-term debt expected to be refinanced under an existing loan facility is noncurrent, even if due within 12 months.]
Income Statement All items of income and expense recognized in a period must be included in profit or loss unless a Standard or an Interpretation requires otherwise. On the face of the income statement, following items must be disclosed: Profit or loss attributable to minority interest. Profit or loss attributable to equity holders of the parent. Additional line items that may be needed to fairly present the enterprise's results of operations [like: finance cost, tax expense etc]. No items may be presented on the face of the income statement or in the notes as "extraordinary items”
Statement of Comprehensive Income On 6 September 2007, the IASB issued a revised IAS 1; that require an entity must: Present all non-owner changes in equity either in one statement of comprehensive income or, in two statements (a separate income statement and a statement of comprehensive income can be prepared for income and expenses). Components of “Comprehensive income” are NOT permitted to be presented in the “Statement of changes in equity”. Other Comprehensive Income [like: reclassification adjustments, changes in revaluation surplus etc.] Income tax relating to each component of other comprehensive income to be disclosed. Reclassification adjustments relating to components of other comprehensive income also to be disclosed.
Cash Flow Statement Rather than setting out separate standards for presenting the cash flow statement, IAS 1 refers to IAS 7, Cash Flow Statements
Notes to the Financial Statements Notes must disclose/present: Any information required by IFRSs that is not presented on the face of financials. Basis of preparation of the financial statements and the specific accounting policies used. Information about the key assumptions concerning the future. Should be cross-referenced from the face of the financial statements Information about other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the balance sheet date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities.
Notes to the Financial Statements Notes must be presented in the following order: A summary of significant accounting policies or other notes, judgments applied, including: A statement of compliance with IFRSs. Non-financial disclosures, such as the entity's financial risk management objectives and policies. Contingent liabilities and un-recognized contractual commitments.
Notes to the Financial Statements Dividend Disclosures Capital Disclosures Amount recognized for distribution to equity holders Objectives, policies and processes for managing capital Amount per share Quantitative data Amount of proposed dividends Capital requirement; if any & whether complied Any cumulative preference dividends not recognized If not complied, consequences of such non-compliance
Notes to the Financial Statements The following other note disclosures are required: Description of operations and principal activities Domicile of the enterprise Country of incorporation Name of its parent and the ultimate parent. Address of registered office or principal place of business.