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INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Fall 2002 19 November 2002 The Organization of the United Nations PowerPoint Presentation
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INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Fall 2002 19 November 2002 The Organization of the United Nations

INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Fall 2002 19 November 2002 The Organization of the United Nations

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INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION Fall 2002 19 November 2002 The Organization of the United Nations

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  1. INT 313: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONFall 200219 November 2002The Organization of the United Nations INT 313

  2. Summary (14.11.2002)The United Nations I: An Introduction • The Charter of the UN • The Objectives of the UN • The Principles of the UN • The Organization of the UN INT 313

  3. Lecture Outline (19.11.2002)The Organization of the UN • General Assembly • Security Council • Economic and Social Council • Trusteeship Council • Secretariat • International Court of Justice INT 313

  4. The Security Council • Privileges of the big powers • The members of the SC (1945, 1965) • The performance of the SC in its history • First years of the post-war periods • 1950s and 1960s • Detente Era • Post-Cold War period INT 313

  5. The Security Council • How non-permanent members are elected? • Charter principles • Non-Charter agreements • 1946 1965 2 Lat. Ame. 5 Africa and Asia 1 Western Europe 2 Latin America 1 Eastern Europe 1 Eastern Europe 1 Commonwealth 2 Western Europe & others 1 Middle East INT 313

  6. The Security Council • The functioning of the SC INT 313

  7. The Security Council • SC Meetings • Regularly once at least 14 days • May be breached by common consent • Each members should keep a representative in the headquarters • Presidency INT 313

  8. Functions of the Security Council • 1. (Primary Function) To maintain international peace and security • Consideration of disputes • Threat to peace • Breach of the peace • SC decisions are binding. However practically, there are some problems • International Regulation of Armaments INT 313

  9. Functions of the Security Council • 2. Participation in Elective Processes (joint with the General Assembly) • New members (by GA by the recommendation of the SC) • Secretary General • The judges of the International Court of Justice http://www.un.org/Docs/scinfo.htm INT 313

  10. Economic and Social Council • Establishment of the Council • The insistence of the smailler powers • The LN experience • 1945 (18); 1965 (27); 1973 (54). • Members are elected for three years terms • Big powers are generally elected as members becasue of their economic strength to finance economic and social development INT 313

  11. Economic and Social Council • ECOSOC Meetings • Until 1992 met twice a year; then lengthened session in each year • ¾ of the UN budget is used for ECOSOC activities INT 313

  12. Functions of Economic and Social Council Three main Functions • Deliberation and Recommendations • Research and Reports • Coordination http://www.un.org/esa/coordination/ecosoc/ INT 313

  13. Functions of Economic and Social Council Three main Functions • Deliberation and Recommendations in the issues of • Human rights • Refugees • Economic and social development • Culture, education, heath • Trade and transportation • Population, housing, labor conditions INT 313

  14. Functions of Economic and Social Council Three main Functions • Research and Reports • Within all the topics that ECOSOC is related • Statistical Studies • World Economic Survey • Report on the World Social Situation • UN Statistical yearbook • UN Demographic Yearbook • UN Yearbook on Human Rights INT 313

  15. Functions of Economic and Social Council Three main Functions • Coordination • General-Director for Development and International Economic Cooperation (Second-only rank to the SG of the UN) INT 313